What are fragments in Android?

Asked By: Hania Anderbrugge | Last Updated: 2nd May, 2020
Category: technology and computing operating systems
4.4/5 (205 Views . 30 Votes)
Android Fragments. Android Fragment is the part of activity, it is also known as sub-activity. There can be more than one fragment in an activity. Fragments represent multiple screen inside one activity. Android fragment lifecycle is affected by activity lifecycle because fragments are included in activity.

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Also, what is fragments in Android with example?

Fragment Tutorial With Example In Android Studio. In Android, Fragment is a part of an activity which enable more modular activity design. It will not be wrong if we say a fragment is a kind of sub-activity. It represents a behaviour or a portion of user interface in an Activity.

Likewise, what are fragments in Android Studio? Fragments Part of Android Jetpack. A Fragment represents a behavior or a portion of user interface in a FragmentActivity . You can combine multiple fragments in a single activity to build a multi-pane UI and reuse a fragment in multiple activities.

Herein, what are fragments used for in Android?

A Fragment is a combination of an XML layout file and a java class much like an Activity . Using the support library, fragments are supported back to all relevant Android versions. Fragments encapsulate views and logic so that it is easier to reuse within activities.

How many types of fragments are there in Android?

There are four types of fragments:

  • ListFragment.
  • DialogFragment.
  • PreferenceFragment.
  • WebViewFragment.

34 Related Question Answers Found

What is a sentence fragment?

Fragments are incomplete sentences. Usually, fragments are pieces of sentences that have become disconnected from the main clause. One of the easiest ways to correct them is to remove the period between the fragment and the main clause. Other kinds of punctuation may be needed for the newly combined sentence.

Should I use fragments or activities?

Following are important points about a fragment: A fragment has its own layout and its own behavior with its own lifecycle callbacks. You can add or remove fragments in an activity while the activity is running. You can combine multiple fragments in a single activity to build a multi-pane UI.

How do fragments work?

We can use Android Studio support in the Design view for the MainActivity layout file to select a fragment from inside the Custom choices. Open the activity_main layout file in design view and, inside the Palete, click Fragment under the "Custom" section. You will be prompted to select a fragment.

What is the example of fragment?

A fragment is a group of words that does not express a complete thought. It is not a complete sentence, but it could be a phrase. Examples of Fragment: the boy on the porch. to the left of the red car.

What is the difference between activity and fragment?


5 Answers. Activity is an application component that gives a user interface where the user can interact. The fragment is a part of an activity, which contributes its own UI to that activity. but using multiple fragments in a single activity we can create multi-pane UI.

What is difference between fragment and FragmentActivity?

So FragmentActivity is exactly as a simple Activity only it gives you the ability to add Fragment to it. Fragment is an object that shares parts of the Activity life cycle and can be added as part of you UI to an Activity or FragmentActivity with it's logic.

What is FrameLayout Android?

FrameLayout is designed to block out an area on the screen to display a single item. Generally, FrameLayout should be used to hold a single child view, because it can be difficult to organize child views in a way that's scalable to different screen sizes without the children overlapping each other.

What is toast in Android?

An Android Toast is a small message displayed on the screen, similar to a tool tip or other similar popup notification. A Toast is displayed on top of the main content of an activity, and only remains visible for a short time period.

What is the purpose of fragments?

What are fragments? A fragment is an independent Android component which can be used by an activity. A fragment encapsulates functionality so that it is easier to reuse within activities and layouts. A fragment runs in the context of an activity, but has its own life cycle and typically its own user interface.

Should I use fragments Android?


Fragments are more of a UI benefit in my opinion. It's convenient for the user sometimes to see two different views of two different classes on the same screen.

The benefits I see when using fragments are:
  • Encapsulation of logic.
  • Better handle of the lifecycle of the fragment.
  • Reusable in other activities.

What is FragmentManager class?

Android FragmentManager
A FragmentManager manages Fragments in Android, specifically it handles transactions between fragments. A transaction is a way to add, replace, or remove fragments.

What is a bundle in Android?

Android Bundle. Android Bundle is used to pass data between activities. The values that are to be passed are mapped to String keys which are later used in the next activity to retrieve the values.

What do you mean by Android?

Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google. It is used by several smartphones and tablets. The Android operating system (OS) is based on the Linux kernel. Unlike Apple's iOS, Android is open source, meaning developers can modify and customize the OS for each phone.

What is Android framework?

The android framework is the set of API's that allow developers to quickly and easily write apps for android phones. It consists of tools for designing UIs like buttons, text fields, image panes, and system tools like intents (for starting other apps/activities or opening files), phone controls, media players, ect.

What is ViewPager Android?


The ViewPager is the widget that allows the user to swipe left or right to see an entirely new screen. In a sense, it's just a nicer way to show the user multiple tabs. It also has the ability to dynamically add and remove pages (or tabs) at anytime.

What is Mvvm Android?

Model-View-ViewModel (ie MVVM) is a template of a client application architecture, proposed by John Gossman as an alternative to MVC and MVP patterns when using Data Binding technology. Its concept is to separate data presentation logic from business logic by moving it into particular class for a clear distinction.

What is the Android architecture?

Android architecture is a software stack of components to support a mobile device needs. Android software stack contains a Linux Kernel, collection of c/c++ libraries which is exposed through an application framework services, runtime and application.