What does chloride do for the body?

Asked By: Sadurni Ercolini | Last Updated: 27th February, 2020
Category: medical health hormonal disorders
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Chloride is one of the most important electrolytes in the blood. It helps keep the amount of fluid inside and outside of your cells in balance. It also helps maintain proper blood volume, blood pressure, and pH of your body fluids.

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Similarly one may ask, what are symptoms of high chloride?

The symptoms that may indicate hyperchloremia are usually those linked to the underlying cause of the high chloride level.

These symptoms may include:

  • fatigue.
  • muscle weakness.
  • excessive thirst.
  • dry mucous membranes.
  • high blood pressure.

Furthermore, what foods are high in chloride? Food Sources Foods with higher amounts of chloride include seaweed, rye, tomatoes, lettuce, celery, and olives. Chloride, combined with potassium, is also found in many foods. It is most often the main ingredient in salt substitutes.

Similarly one may ask, what does it mean when your chloride is low?

A chloride level that's above normal means there's too much chloride in your blood, which is called hyperchloremia. A low chloride level indicates that you have too little chloride in your blood, which is called hypochloremia. respiratory alkalosis, which occurs when there are low levels of carbon dioxide in your blood.

Why would chloride be high?

An increased level of blood chloride (called hyperchloremia) usually indicates dehydration, but can also occur with other problems that cause high blood sodium, such as Cushing syndrome or kidney disease.

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How do you treat high chloride levels?

Some treatment options include:
  1. taking medications to prevent nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
  2. changing drugs if they are a factor in the electrolyte imbalance.
  3. drinking 2–3 quarts of fluid every day.
  4. receiving intravenous fluids.
  5. eating a better, more balanced diet.

How do you get high chloride levels?

Causes of hyperchloremia may include:
  1. Loss of body fluids from prolonged vomiting, diarrhea, sweating or high fever (dehydration).
  2. High levels of blood sodium.
  3. Kidney failure, or kidney disorders.
  4. Diabetes insipidus or diabetic coma.
  5. Drugs such as: androgens, corticosteroids, estrogens, and certain diuretics.

What does chloride in blood test mean?

A chloride blood test measures the amount of chloride in your blood. Chloride is a type of electrolyte. Chloride is often measured along with other electrolytes to diagnose or monitor conditions such as kidney disease, heart failure, liver disease, and high blood pressure.

What is a high BUN level?

High values
A high BUN value can mean kidney injury or disease is present. Kidney damage can be caused by diabetes or high blood pressure that directly affects the kidneys. High BUN levels can also be caused by low blood flow to the kidneys caused by dehydration or heart failure. Many medicines may cause a high BUN.

What blood tests show dehydration?


Electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate (CO2)) BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and creatinine, to evaluate kidney function; these are often increased in dehydration as well.

What causes Hypochloremia?

Hypochloremia occurs when there's a low level of chloride in your body. It can be caused by fluid loss through nausea or vomiting or by existing conditions, diseases, or medications. Your doctor may use a blood test to confirm hypochloremia. In mild cases, replenishing the chloride in your body can treat hypochloremia.

What is co2 in blood test mean?

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is an odorless, colorless gas. You breathe out carbon dioxide and breathe in oxygen all day, every day, without thinking about it. A CO2 blood test measures the amount of carbon dioxide in your blood. Too much or too little carbon dioxide in the blood can indicate a health problem.

What would cause high co2 levels in the blood?

Hypercapnia, or hypercarbia, as it is sometimes called, is a condition arising from too much carbon dioxide in the blood. It is often caused by hypoventilation or disordered breathing where not enough oxygen enters the lungs and not enough carbon dioxide is emitted.

How do I know if my electrolytes are low?

Symptoms of Electrolyte Imbalance:
The symptoms of electrolyte imbalance are based on which of the electrolyte levels are affected. If your blood test results indicate an altered potassium, magnesium, sodium, or calcium levels, you may experience muscle spasm, weakness, twitching, or convulsions.

How do you increase your chloride levels?


Possible causes include:
  1. Low salt intake in the diet – table salt, or sodium chloride, is a primary source of dietary salt.
  2. Metabolic alkalosis, when the pH of blood is higher than usual.
  3. Certain medications, such as diuretics and laxatives, as these may reduce the amount of fluid in the body.

What medications cause low chloride?

Causes of Hypochloremia:
Loss of body fluids from prolonged vomiting, diarrhea, sweating or high fevers. Drugs such as: bicarbonate, corticosteroids, diuretics, and laxatives.

Is low chloride dangerous?

Chloride levels above 106 could point to kidney problems, such as renal tubular acidosis (when your kidneys aren't removing enough acids from your blood and into your urine). Low levels have several other possible causes, including common, temporary problems such as vomiting and dehydration.

Is low sodium a sign of cancer?

Hyponatremia is a medical term which defines low blood or serum sodium level. In cancer patients hyponatremia can be due to cancer itself or due to chemotherapy. Several types of cancers cause excessive production of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) leading to a condition called SIADH (syndrome of inappropriate ADH release).

What is a normal co2 level?

The normal range for CO2 is 23 to 29 mEq/L (milliequivalent units per liter of blood). The blood test often measures blood pH along with CO2 levels to further determine the cause of your symptoms. Blood pH is a measurement of acidity or alkalinity. Alkalosis is when your body fluids are too alkaline.

What causes low sodium and chloride in blood test?


In hyponatremia, the level of sodium in blood is too low. A low sodium level has many causes, including consumption of too many fluids, kidney failure, heart failure, cirrhosis, and use of diuretics. The diagnosis is based on blood tests to measure the sodium level.

What does low albumin mean?

Low albumin levels can also be seen in inflammation, shock, and malnutrition. They may be seen with conditions in which the body does not properly absorb and digest protein, such as Crohn disease or celiac disease, or in which large volumes of protein are lost from the intestines.

What fruits are high in sodium?

8 high-sodium foods that are OK to eat
  • BEETS. Red and gold and with around 65 milligrams of sodium per beet, these vibrant root vegetables may become your favorite salt substitute.
  • CELERY and CARROTS.
  • MEAT.
  • SPINACH and CHARD.
  • More from The Daily Meal.