What are body panels?

Asked By: Javed Vygodovsky | Last Updated: 26th April, 2020
Category: automotive motorcycles
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Body Panel Products
Body panels are steel materials that make up the outer shell or covering of your vehicle. These are the panels that make up the overall shape of your car-its body. One is the quarter panel, the panel that covers the area between the car's rear door and trunk.

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Herein, how are body panels made?

Sheet metal forming is the most common method for producing car bodies, and when it comes to composite bodies then it is monocoque design (built as a one piece through laying up process). All the different parts are then welded together to form a final shape of the car body.

Secondly, how many panels does a car have? The rough amount for most cars is between 6-12 additional panels.

Then, what are the different panels on a car?

Car and Truck Body Panel Diagrams with Part Names

  • Bumper / Energy Absorber / Cover. Bumpers are located at the very front of the vehicle, below the front grille.
  • Bumper End. Bumper ends are an important addition to the bumper itself.
  • Valance Panel.
  • Inner Fender.
  • Fender.
  • Cowl Panel.
  • Door.
  • Lower Door Skin.

What is a body stamping?

Stamping (also known as pressing) is the process of placing flat sheet metal in either blank or coil form into a stamping press where a tool and die surface forms the metal into a net shape. The process is usually carried out on sheet metal, but can also be used on other materials, such as polystyrene.

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What are car body panels made from?

The typical family sedan these days is usually made from steel body panels with plastic front and rear fascias. Some of them may have an aluminum hood and rear deck lid for weight savings. The unibody (the underlying frame) is almost always made from a combination of steel and special (and costly) high-strength steel.

How do you press metal shapes?

Stamping — also called pressing — involves placing flat sheet metal, in either coil or blank form, into a stamping press. In the press, a tool and die surface form the metal into the desired shape. Punching, blanking, bending, coining, embossing, and flanging are all stamping techniques used to shape the metal.

What is automotive metal stamping?

Automotive metal stamping is a process of converting sheet metal into shapes & sizes based on the end-user requirements. The industry is highly influenced by metal consumption patterns in all applications segments.

How are automotive stamping dies made?

Die makers built them by taking measurements off a clay model of the car then roughing out the shape using machine tools. Well they used to be made from blocks of expensive tool steel. Die makers built them by taking measurements off a clay model of the car then roughing out the shape using machine tools.

How is a car bonnet made?


The hood or bonnet is the hinged cover over the engine of motor vehicles that allows access to the engine compartment for maintenance and repair. Hood are typically made out of steel or aluminum, although aftermarket manufacturers may manufacture hoods out of fiberglass, carbon fiber, or dry carbon.

What are car body parts called?

They include the bonnet, tyres, rims, bumper, windows, doors, cowl screen, radiator core support, roof rack, deck lid, trim package, front clip, fascia rear and support, fender/wing, boot, valance, pillar, grill, rocker, spoiler, welded assembly, quarter panel.

What is a body panel on a car?

Body Panel Products
Body panels are steel materials that make up the outer shell or covering of your vehicle. These are the panels that make up the overall shape of your car-its body. One is the quarter panel, the panel that covers the area between the car's rear door and trunk.

What is a panel on a car?

A quarter panel (British English: rear wing) is the body panel (exterior surface) of an automobile between a rear door (or only door on each side for two-door models) and the trunk (boot) and typically wraps around the wheel well.

How do you change a car body panel?

How to Replace Auto Body Panels
  1. Remove the old or damaged auto body panel. Reach the panel by looking under the vehicle and removing the plastic protective skirting using a Phillips screwdriver.
  2. Look behind the panel and locate the bolts that are holding it to the car.
  3. Pull the old panel off of the car.

What is the bottom side of a car called?


Undercarriage is the part of a moving vehicle that is underneath the main body of the vehicle.

How much does it cost to replace a front quarter panel?

The only other factor that you'll probably consider when getting a replacement quarter panel would be the price. Smaller panels can go for as low as $50, while larger ones can range anywhere from $100 to $1000.

What is a door skin?

A "door skin" is the outer metal layer only. A "door shell" includes both the outer skin and the door frame, and is shipped preassembled with the skin already welded and bonded to the door frame. Door frames will also include the metal window surround, unless the vehicle uses "frameless windows".

What gauge steel are car panels?

Automotive sheet metal once ran in the range of 18-gauge, which was 48 thousandths of an inch thick (actually 0.0478 inch). 20-gauge became common in more recent times, and this meant 0.0359-inch-thick metal—still a lot to work with in-bumping and metal finishing.

How much does it cost to replace a car side panel?

Small repair involving one panel such as a bumper or fender – $500-$1,500. Medium repair involving damage to several panels (lights, grill, bumper, fender, etc.) – $1,500-$4,000. Large repair (car is uncomfortable or difficult to drive) – $4,000-$6,000.

What is the front panel of a car called?


It's called the front end. The fenders are on the front of the vehicle. While on the back of the vehicle it's not a fender but it's called the quarter panel. So the left fender is on the driver's side of the vehicle, except in England, Australia and Japan.

What is a front bumper valance?

Front Bumper Valances by Replace®. A bumper valance, also known as an air dam or rear spoiler, is a panel located below the bumper, usually installed for decorative or aerodynamic purposes.

What is a fender?

Fender is the American English term for the part of an automobile, motorcycle or other vehicle body that frames a wheel well (the fender underside). Its primary purpose is to prevent sand, mud, rocks, liquids, and other road spray from being thrown into the air by the rotating tire.