Why is utilitarianism better than deontology?

Asked By: Isaac Tschirch | Last Updated: 5th May, 2020
Category: news and politics law
4.7/5 (107 Views . 13 Votes)
Deontological ethics is an ethics system that judges whether an action is right or wrong based on a moral code. Consequences of those actions are not taken into consideration. In the other hand, utilitarian ethics state that a course of action should be taken by considering the most positive outcome.

Click to see full answer


Hereof, why is deontology better than Consequentialism?

Consequentialism and Deontological theories are two of the main theories in ethics. However, consequentialism focuses on judging the moral worth of the results of the actions and deontological ethics focuses on judging the actions themselves. So, the action is judged rather than the consequences of the action.

Secondly, why is deontology good? In deontological ethics an action is considered morally good because of some characteristic of the action itself, not because the product of the action is good. Deontological ethics holds that at least some acts are morally obligatory regardless of their consequences for human welfare.

Similarly, how do utilitarianism and deontology differ?

Utilitarianism and deontology are two known ethical systems. Utilitarianism revolves around the concept of “the end justifies the means,” while deontology works on the concept “the end does not justify the means.” 3. Utilitarianism is considered a consequence-oriented philosophy.

Why is utilitarianism the best ethical theory?

Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories. Utilitarians believe that the purpose of morality is to make life better by increasing the amount of good things (such as pleasure and happiness) in the world and decreasing the amount of bad things (such as pain and unhappiness).

39 Related Question Answers Found

What is an example of deontology?

Deontology is defined as an ethical theory that the morality of an action should be based on whether that action itself is right or wrong under a series of rules, rather than based on the consequences of the action. An example of deontology is the belief that killing someone is wrong, even if it was in self-defense.

What does deontology focus on?

Deontology (or Deontological Ethics) is an approach to Ethics that focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, as opposed to the rightness or wrongness of the consequences of those actions (Consequentialism) or to the character and habits of the actor (Virtue Ethics).

What is an example of consequentialism?

Consequentialism is an ethical theory that judges whether or not something is right by what its consequences are. Two examples of consequentialism are utilitarianism and hedonism. Utilitarianism judges consequences by a “greatest good for the greatest number” standard.

What are the weaknesses of deontology?

weaknesses: not flexible idea. each situation is different thus the categorical imperative does not work, if you saying lying is morally wrong but a situation suggests that lying is the morally better thing to do one must lie. we like to look at the end result too much rather then the person and the morality of it.

What is the opposite of consequentialism?


Deontology is a set of moral theories which place themselves opposite consequentialism. While consequentialism determines right actions from good ends, deontology asserts that the end and the means by which it is arrived upon are intrinsically linked. A good end will come about as a result of good or right means.

What are the rules of deontology?

Deontology is a theory that suggests actions are good or bad according to a clear set of rules. Its name comes from the Greek word deon, meaning duty. Actions that obey these rules are ethical, while actions that do not, are not. This ethical theory is most closely associated with German philosopher, Immanuel Kant.

What are the core principles of deontology?

The theory of deontology states we are morally obligated to act in accordance with a certain set of principles and rules regardless of outcome. In religious deontology, the principles derive from divine commandment so that under religious laws, we are morally obligated not to steal, lie, or cheat.

What is an example of utilitarianism?

Classical Utilitarianism
Being “bad” only increases the number of people in the world who are suffering. An example of utilitarianism that shows someone making an individual “good” choice that actually benefits the entire population can be seen in Bobby's decision to buy his sister, Sally, a car.

Is deontology the opposite of utilitarianism?

Deontological ethics is an ethics system that judges whether an action is right or wrong based on a moral code. Consequences of those actions are not taken into consideration. In the other hand, utilitarian ethics state that a course of action should be taken by considering the most positive outcome.

Which ethical theory is best?

Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that determines right from wrong by focusing on outcomes. It is a form of consequentialism. Utilitarianism holds that the most ethical choice is the one that will produce the greatest good for the greatest number.

What is teleological theory?

Teleological ethics, (teleological from Greek telos, “end”; logos, “science”), theory of morality that derives duty or moral obligation from what is good or desirable as an end to be achieved.

What is utilitarianism in healthcare?


Utilitarianism is a moral theory that focuses on the overall balance of positive and negative effects of a healthcare professional's actions; all actions are considered on the basis of consequences, not on the basis of fundamental moral rules and principles or with regard to character traits.

Who developed utilitarian theory?

Although forms of utilitarianism have been put forward and debated since ancient times, the modern theory is most often associated with the British philosopher John Stuart Mill (1806- 1873) who developed the theory from a plain hedonistic version put forward by his mentor Jeremy Bentham (1748- 1832).

What is Kant's moral theory?

Kant's theory is an example of a deontological moral theory–according to these theories, the rightness or wrongness of actions does not depend on their consequences but on whether they fulfill our duty. Kant believed that there was a supreme principle of morality, and he referred to it as The Categorical Imperative.