Which of the medications can be prescribed to a patient to treat and or prevent osteoporosis in the postmenopausal patient and should be taken weekly?

Asked By: Reena Gutleb | Last Updated: 4th February, 2020
Category: medical health bone and joint conditions
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Risedronate — Risedronate (brand names: Actonel, Atelvia) reduces the risk of both vertebral and hip fractures. Risedronate is approved for both prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. It can be taken once per day, once per week, or once per month.

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Thereof, what is the best and safest osteoporosis medication?

Some bisphosphonates, such as Fosamax (alendronate) and Actonel (risedronate), are taken as a daily or weekly tablet, while Boniva (ibandronate) is taken monthly to prevent and treat osteoporosis. Reclast (zoledronic acid) is taken intravenously once a year to treat osteoporosis and every two years to help prevent it.

Also Know, which drug is best for osteoporosis? Bisphosphonates are the most common medications prescribed for osteoporosis treatment.

Which medications are commonly used for osteoporosis treatment?

  • Alendronate (Fosamax)
  • Risedronate (Actonel)
  • Ibandronate (Boniva)
  • Zoledronic acid (Reclast)

Subsequently, one may also ask, what non pharmacologic nursing interventions can be used to treat and or prevent osteoporosis in patients?

Nonpharmacologic interventions include calcium and vitamin D supplementation, weight-bearing exercise, muscle strengthening, and fall prevention. Pharmacologic options include: the bisphosphonates, estrogen therapy, raloxifene, salmon calcitonin, and the anabolic agent teriparatide.

Which of the following is the first line medication used to treat and prevent osteoporosis?

The AACE/ACE recommends denosumab as first-line therapy for patients at high risk of fracture and for patients who are unable to use oral therapy. Denosumab was the first biologic agent available for treatment of osteoporosis. It is a fully human monoclonal antibody that inhibits RANKL to decrease bone resorption.

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Can you reverse osteoporosis naturally?

You can prevent or reverse bone loss with a diet that's rich in nutrients and minerals that are key to building and maintaining bone: calcium, vitamin D and phosphorous. Calcium is constantly removed and replaced through a bone “remodeling” process, but it isn't made by the body.

How quickly does osteoporosis progress?

For women, bone loss is fastest in the first few years after menopause, but it continues gradually into the postmenopausal years. As bone density loss occurs, osteoporosis can develop. This process is slower by 10 years in men.

What foods should you avoid if you have osteoporosis?

Foods to limit or avoid
  • High-salt foods. Excess salt consumption can cause your body to release calcium, which is harmful to your bones.
  • Alcohol. While a moderate amount of alcohol is considered safe for those with osteoporosis, excess alcohol can lead to bone loss.
  • Beans/legumes.
  • Wheat bran.
  • Excess vitamin A.
  • Caffeine.

What happens if osteoporosis is not treated?

Osteoporosis that is not treated can lead to serious bone breaks (fractures), especially in the hip and spine. Hip fractures can cause serious pain and disability and require surgery. Spinal fractures can cause you to lose height or get a stooped back. They often cause serious pain and require surgery.

What is the best natural treatment for osteoporosis?

  • Alternative treatments for osteoporosis. The goal of any alternative treatment is to manage or heal the condition without the use of medication.
  • Soy. The soybeans used to make products like tofu and soy milk contain isoflavones.
  • Horsetail.
  • Acupuncture.
  • Tai chi.
  • Traditional treatment options.

Are there any new treatments for osteoporosis?

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Evenity (romosozumab-aqqg) to treat osteoporosis in postmenopausal women at high risk of breaking a bone (fracture). Evenity is a monoclonal antibody that blocks the effects of the protein sclerostin and works mainly by increasing new bone formation.

What is the life expectancy of a person with osteoporosis?

Despite reports that people with osteoporosis have an increased risk of dying prematurely, a new study has found that life expectancy of newly diagnosed and treated osteoporosis patients is in excess of 15 years in women below the age of 75 and in men below the age of 60.

Which hormone can play a significant role in osteoporosis?

Causes of Osteoporosis: Other Hormone Imbalances
Several other hormones play a role in regulating your bone density, including parathyroid hormone and growth hormone. They help orchestrate how well your bones use calcium -- and when to build up and break down bone.

What can be done to minimize the risk of osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis: Six Steps to Reduce Your Risk
  • Know your risks. Knowing your risks is the first step to prevention.
  • Exercise. Exercise, particularly weight-bearing exercises like walking, is important for good bone health.
  • Look at your calcium and vitamin D intake.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Limit alcohol consumption.
  • Treat the underlying cause of a fracture.

What medications can increase risk of osteoporosis?

Some common ones include:
  • Glucocorticoids, also called steroids, such as cortisone and prednisone.
  • Some medicines such as phenytoin and phenobarbital, used to treat epilepsy.
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRH agonists), such as goserelin acetate and leuprolide acetate.

How does lack of estrogen cause osteoporosis?

Estrogen deficiency is a pivotal cause of postmenopausal bone loss and contributes to age-related bone loss in both sexes. In addition, estrogen is a major regulator of bone metabolism in men, and low estrogen levels are associated with increased fracture risk, even in the setting of normal testosterone levels.

How can I increase my bone density without medication?

Here are 10 natural ways to build healthy bones.
  1. Eat Lots of Vegetables.
  2. Perform Strength Training and Weight-Bearing Exercises.
  3. Consume Enough Protein.
  4. Eat High-Calcium Foods Throughout the Day.
  5. Get Plenty of Vitamin D and Vitamin K.
  6. Avoid Very Low-Calorie Diets.
  7. Consider Taking a Collagen Supplement.

Is estrogen good for osteoporosis?

When estrogen levels drop during menopause, the osteoblasts aren't able to effectively produce bone. There are now many other drugs and medications for osteoporosis, but estrogen remains a fairly common treatment to conserve bone mass and prevent osteoporosis-related fractures in post-menopausal women.

What is the best and safest treatment for osteoporosis?

Some bisphosphonates, such as Fosamax (alendronate) and Actonel (risedronate), are taken as a daily or weekly tablet, while Boniva (ibandronate) is taken monthly to prevent and treat osteoporosis. Reclast (zoledronic acid) is taken intravenously once a year to treat osteoporosis and every two years to help prevent it.

Is hormone replacement therapy the solution for osteoporosis?

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) -- either estrogen alone or a combination of estrogen and progestin -- is approved for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in women. So while HRT may help preserve bone and prevent fractures in postmenopausal women, your doctor may want you to use other medications first.

What should I eat for osteoporosis?

Doctor's response
  • Dairy products: milk, yogurt, cheese and calcium-fortified cottage cheese.
  • Green leafy vegetables: broccoli, kale, collard greens, dried figs, turnip greens, and mustard greens.
  • Fish: canned salmon and sardines with the bones.
  • Nuts: almonds and Brazil nuts.