What state of matter has a definite volume and a definite shape?

Asked By: Randolph Fernandez De Gorostiza | Last Updated: 6th May, 2020
Category: science chemistry
4.1/5 (343 Views . 37 Votes)
A solid has definite volume and shape, a liquid has a definite volume but no definite shape, and a gas has neither a definite volume nor shape.

Click to see full answer


Hereof, what state of matter has a definite shape?

Solids

Additionally, does gas have a definite volume and shape? A gas is a substance with no definite volume and no definite shape. Solids and liquids have volumes that do not change easily. A gas, on the other hand, has a vol- ume that changes to match the volume of its container. The molecules in a gas are very far apart compared with the molecules in a solid or a liquid.

Thereof, why do solids have a definite shape and a definite volume?

SolidsEdit They are held tightly together by strong forces of attraction. They are held in fixed positions but they do vibrate. Because the particles don't move, solids have a definite shape and volume, and can't flow. Powdered solids cannot take the shape of their container.

What are the 15 states of matter?

The most familiar examples of states of matter are solids, liquids, gases, and plasmas; the most common state of matter in the visible universe is plasma.

29 Related Question Answers Found

What are the 12 states of matter?

The classical states of matter are usually summarised as: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma.

Low-energy states
  • Solid: A solid holds a definite shape and volume without a container.
  • Liquid: A mostly non-compressible fluid.
  • Gas: A compressible fluid.

Does air have definite mass?

A gas does not have a definite mass. A gas does not always weigh the same or take up the same amount of space. However, like a liquid, a gas will always take the shape of its container, no matter the size or shape of that container.

Does a liquid have a definite shape?

In a liquid, the particles are still in close contact, so liquids have a definite volume. However, because the particles can move about each other rather freely, a liquid has no definite shape and takes a shape dictated by its container.

Is glass a solid or a liquid?

Glass, however, is actually neither a liquid—supercooled or otherwise—nor a solid. It is an amorphous solid—a state somewhere between those two states of matter. And yet glass's liquidlike properties are not enough to explain the thicker-bottomed windows, because glass atoms move too slowly for changes to be visible.

Does a solid have a definite mass?

Mass is the amount of matter an object has, and volume is the amount of space the matter takes up. Solids are easy to recognize. They have definite shape, mass, and volume. These atoms are packed closely together, and they hold the solid in a definite shape that does not change.

What is a definite volume?

Definite volume refers to something which has a consistent, unchanging volume, which in practical terms may mean a static mass and density, or a predetermined shape, either of which will dictate volume. For instance: A cube with side length l has a definite volume because it can only be exactly one size.

Is Solid definite or variable?

A solid has a definite shape and a definite volume. The particles that make up a solid are packed very closely together. Each particle is tightly fixed in one position and can only vibrate in place. In many solids, the particles form a regular, repeating pattern that creates crystals.

Is a solid compressible?


Solids are non-compressible and have constant volume and constant shape. Liquids are non-compressible and have constant volume but can change shape. A liquid's shape is dictated by the shape of the container it is in.

Can a solid change shape?

Any matter that is a solid has a definite shape and a definite volume. The molecules in a solid are in fixed positions and are close together. Although the molecules can still vibrate, they cannot move from one part of the solid to another part. As a result, a solid does not easily change its shape or its volume.

What gives a solid its characteristics of shape and volume?

Solids have a definite volume and shape because particles in a solid vibrate around fixed locations. Behavior of Solids: Solids have a definite volume and shape because particles in a solid vibrate around fixed locations. The Kinetic Theory of Matter states that particles of matter are always in constant motion.

What has indefinite shape and definite volume?

solid: definite shape, definite volume. Indefinite shape means that the sample in question takes on the shape of the container. If some water was poured from a round container into a square container, the shape of the sample would change. Indefinite volume means the sample would expand to fill the entire container.

What is the shape of solid?

Solids. A solid has a definite shape and volume because the molecules that make up the solid are packed closely together and move slowly.

What is the shape of liquid?


A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure. As such, it is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, gas, and plasma), and is the only state with a definite volume but no fixed shape.

Does Gas have a fixed volume?

Because the particles in gases are much further apart than in liquids or solids, they can be squeezed closer together. Gases therefore can be compressed or expanded. They do not have a fixed volume.

What determines the shape and volume of gas?

Due to surface tension. What determines the shape and volume of a gas inside a container? The shape and volume of a gas are the same as those of their container. A gas has neither a definite shape nor volume because its particles spread apart and move freely in all directions.