What state of matter has a definite shape and volume?

Category: science chemistry
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A solid has definite volume and shape, a liquid has a definite volume but no definite shape, and a gas has neither a definite volume nor shape.

Accordingly, what state of matter has a definite shape?


Subsequently, question is, what state of matter has a indefinite shape and volume? gas

Moreover, what is matter that has a definite shape and volume?


Does a liquid have a definite shape and volume?

In a liquid, the particles are still in close contact, so liquids have a definite volume. However, because the particles can move about each other rather freely, a liquid has no definite shape and takes a shape dictated by its container.

39 Related Question Answers Found

What are the 15 states of matter?

The most familiar examples of states of matter are solids, liquids, gases, and plasmas; the most common state of matter in the visible universe is plasma.

What are the 12 states of matter?

The classical states of matter are usually summarised as: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma.

Low-energy states
  • Solid: A solid holds a definite shape and volume without a container.
  • Liquid: A mostly non-compressible fluid.
  • Gas: A compressible fluid.

Does air have definite mass?

A gas does not have a definite mass. A gas does not always weigh the same or take up the same amount of space. However, like a liquid, a gas will always take the shape of its container, no matter the size or shape of that container.

Is glass a solid or a liquid?

Glass, however, is actually neither a liquid—supercooled or otherwise—nor a solid. It is an amorphous solid—a state somewhere between those two states of matter. And yet glass's liquidlike properties are not enough to explain the thicker-bottomed windows, because glass atoms move too slowly for changes to be visible.

What are the characteristics of a solid?

Properties of Solids. Solid are characterized by structural rigidity and resistance to changes of shape or volume. Unlike a liquid, a solid object does not flow to take on the shape of its container, nor does expands to fill the entire volume available to it like a gas .

What is a solid for kids?

Solid facts for kids. Solid is one of the four common states of matter. The molecules in solids are closely bound together, they can only vibrate. This means solids have a definite shape that only changes when a force is applied. This is different to liquids and gases which move randomly, a process called flow.

Does a gas have a definite shape and volume?

A gas is a substance with no definite volume and no definite shape. Solids and liquids have volumes that do not change easily. A gas, on the other hand, has a vol- ume that changes to match the volume of its container. The molecules in a gas are very far apart compared with the molecules in a solid or a liquid.

What does definite volume mean?

Definite volume refers to something which has a consistent, unchanging volume, which in practical terms may mean a static mass and density, or a predetermined shape, either of which will dictate volume. For instance: A stone has a definite volume because neither its mass nor its density change over time.

What are the characteristics of a matter?

Characteristic Properties of Matter—The Key Ideas The physical properties of matter include color, odor, density, solubility, melting point, boiling point, and electrical conductivity. These are properties that can be observed without chemically changing the substance.

Why do gases have no definite shape and volume?

Particles are far apart from each other because there are very weak forces of attraction between them. They move fast in all directions. Because of this, gases don't have a definite shape or volume and fill any container. Because there is lots of free space between particles, gases can easily be compressed.

What are the invisible particles that make up matter?

Idea a: All matter is made up of particles called atoms and molecules (as opposed to being continuous or just including particles). On the following page, the idea is stated as one of four concepts in Dalton's theory: “All matter is composed of tiny, indivisible particles called atoms” (p. 158s).

What is the movement of particles in a solid?

The particles in a solid are tightly packed and locked in place. Although we cannot see it or feel it, the particles are moving = vibrating in place. The particles in a liquid are close together (touching) but they are able to move/slide/flow past each other.

What is the amount of matter in an object?

Answer and Explanation: The quantity of matter that an object contains is called its mass. Mass is a measure of how much matter it takes to make up a specific object.

What are examples of solids?

Other solids, known as amorphous solids, lack any apparent crystalline structure. Examples of solids are common table salt, table sugar, water ice, frozen carbon dioxide (dry ice), glass, rock, most metals, and wood. When a solid is heated, the atoms or molecules gain kinetic energy .

What is the definite shape?

Any matter that is a solid has a definite shape and a definite volume. The molecules in a solid are in fixed positions and are close together. Although the molecules can still vibrate, they cannot move from one part of the solid to another part. As a result, a solid does not easily change its shape or its volume.