What is a state of matter with a definite volume and shape?

Asked By: Reymundo Alcide | Last Updated: 17th May, 2020
Category: science chemistry
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A solid has definite volume and shape, a liquid has a definite volume but no definite shape, and a gas has neither a definite volume nor shape.

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Then, does gas have a definite volume and shape?

A gas is a substance with no definite volume and no definite shape. Solids and liquids have volumes that do not change easily. A gas, on the other hand, has a vol- ume that changes to match the volume of its container. The molecules in a gas are very far apart compared with the molecules in a solid or a liquid.

Furthermore, does liquid have a definite volume and shape? In a liquid, the particles are still in close contact, so liquids have a definite volume. However, because the particles can move about each other rather freely, a liquid has no definite shape and takes a shape dictated by its container.

Accordingly, what is the definition of definite volume?

Definite volume refers to something which has a consistent, unchanging volume, which in practical terms may mean a static mass and density, or a predetermined shape, either of which will dictate volume. For instance: A stone has a definite volume because neither its mass nor its density change over time.

Does a solid have a definite volume?

Any matter that is a solid has a definite shape and a definite volume. The molecules in a solid are in fixed positions and are close together. Although the molecules can still vibrate, they cannot move from one part of the solid to another part. As a result, a solid does not easily change its shape or its volume.

29 Related Question Answers Found

Does a gas have a definite mass?

A gas does not have a definite mass. A gas does not have a definite volume. A gas does not always weigh the same or take up the same amount of space. However, like a liquid, a gas will always take the shape of its container, no matter the size or shape of that container.

Does Gas have a fixed volume?

Because the particles in gases are much further apart than in liquids or solids, they can be squeezed closer together. Gases therefore can be compressed or expanded. They do not have a fixed volume.

Why gas has no definite volume?

Particles are far apart from each other because there are very weak forces of attraction between them. They move fast in all directions. Because of this, gases don't have a definite shape or volume and fill any container. Because there is lots of free space between particles, gases can easily be compressed.

What determines the shape and volume of a gas?

Due to surface tension. What determines the shape and volume of a gas inside a container? The shape and volume of a gas are the same as those of their container. A gas has neither a definite shape nor volume because its particles spread apart and move freely in all directions.

What gives a solid its characteristics of shape and volume?


Solids have a definite volume and shape because particles in a solid vibrate around fixed locations. Behavior of Solids: Solids have a definite volume and shape because particles in a solid vibrate around fixed locations. The Kinetic Theory of Matter states that particles of matter are always in constant motion.

What is the shape of solid?

Solids. A solid has a definite shape and volume because the molecules that make up the solid are packed closely together and move slowly.

What has indefinite shape and definite volume?

solid: definite shape, definite volume. Indefinite shape means that the sample in question takes on the shape of the container. If some water was poured from a round container into a square container, the shape of the sample would change. Indefinite volume means the sample would expand to fill the entire container.

What does definite shape and volume mean?

Definite meaning it has a shape that won't change. Picture gas and liquid, takes shape of its container as suppose to a solid which holds up its shape as long as it is solid. Volume is the measure of how much Space something takes up. Definite meaning it has a shape that won't change.

What is the characteristic of solid?

Solid are characterized by structural rigidity and resistance to changes of shape or volume. Unlike a liquid, a solid object does not flow to take on the shape of its container, nor does expands to fill the entire volume available to it like a gas .

What is the behavior of a solid?


Solid - The particles are tightly packed. They have a fixed position and their only movements are small vibrations. Liquid - The particles can move past each other. They are still tightly packed but have no fixed position. Gas - The particles move freely and their positions change rapidly.

How do you determine state of matter?

The amount of energy in molecules of matter determines the state of matter. Matter can exist in one of several different states, including a gas, liquid, or solid state.

What are the six properties of solids?

Definite shape, definite volume, definite melting point, high density, incompressibility, and low rate of diffusion.

What does the word definite mean?

adjective. clearly defined or determined; not vague or general; fixed; precise; exact: a definite quantity; definite directions. having fixed limits; bounded with precision: a definite area. positive; certain; sure: It is definite that he will take the job.

Is a solid A fluid?

The word fluid means- a substance that flows, changes shape, non-rigid and has no distinctive shape. As the solid materials do not do any of the mentioned above, they are not called fluids.

What is the shape of liquid?


A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure. As such, it is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, gas, and plasma), and is the only state with a definite volume but no fixed shape.

Is a solid compressible?

Solids are non-compressible and have constant volume and constant shape. Liquids are non-compressible and have constant volume but can change shape. A liquid's shape is dictated by the shape of the container it is in.

Is the shape of a liquid fixed or variable?

Matter in the liquid state has a fixed volume, but it has a variable shape that adapts to fit its container. Its particles are still close together but move freely. Matter in the gaseous state has both variable volume and shape, adapting both to fit its container.