What is the difference between find element and find elements?

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Interaction with a web page requires a user to locate the web element. Find Element command is used to uniquely identify a (one) web element within the web page. Whereas, Find Elements command is used to uniquely identify the list of web elements within the web page.

Regarding this, what is difference between findElement and findElements?

The difference between findElement() and findElements() method is the first returns a WebElement object otherwise it throws an exception and the latter returns a List of WebElements, it can return an empty list if no DOM elements match the query.

Additionally, what is findElement? Selenium WebDriver defines two methods for identifying the elements, they are findElement and findElements . findElement: This command is used to uniquely identify a web element within the web page. findElements: This command is used to uniquely identify the list of web elements within the web page.

Accordingly, what is the return type of find element?

Return type of findElement() is a a web element while return type of findElements() is a List<WebElement>. findElement() method will throw noSuchElementException if web element is not found while findElement() will not throw any exception. It will return an empty List<WebElement>.

How do you identify elements in selenium?

There are multiple ways to uniquely identify a web element/elements within the web page such as ID, Name, Class Name, Link Text, Partial Link Text, Tag Name and XPATH.

39 Related Question Answers Found

How do you find an element ID?

HTML DOM getElementById() Method
The getElementById() method returns the element that has the ID attribute with the specified value. This method is one of the most common methods in the HTML DOM, and is used almost every time you want to manipulate, or get info from, an element on your document.

How do you check if an element is present in selenium?

To find a particular Element is present or not, we have to use findElements() method instead of findElement().. int i=driver. findElements(By.

Try this: Call this method and pass 3 arguments:
  1. WebDriver variable. // assuming driver_variable as driver.
  2. The element which you are going to check.
  3. Time limit in seconds.

What is XPath expression?

XPath Expression. XPath defines a pattern or path expression to select nodes or node sets in an XML document. These patterns are used by XSLT to perform transformations. The path expressions look like very similar to the general expressions we used in traditional file system.

How do I find an element by XPath?

XPath is used to find the location of any element on a webpage using HTML DOM structure. The basic format of XPath is explained below with screen shot.

What is XPath?
XPath Locators Find different elements on web page
Name To find the element by name of the element
Link text To find the element by text of the link

What is a web element?

Anything that is present on the web page is a WebElement such as text box, button, etc. WebElement represents an HTML element. Selenium WebDriver encapsulates a simple form element as an object of the WebElement. It basically represents a DOM element and all the HTML documents are made up by these HTML elements.

How do you use Findelements?

FindElement command syntax:
Find Element command takes in the By object as the parameter and returns an object of type WebElement. By object in turn can be used with various locator strategies such as ID, Name, Class Name, XPATH etc. Below is the syntax of FindElement command in Selenium web driver.

What are the different types of navigation commands?

Given are some of the most commonly used Browser Navigation commands for Selenium WebDriver.
  • Navigate To Command. Method: to(String arg0) : void. to(String arg0) : void.
  • Forward Command. Method: to(String arg0) : void. to(String arg0) : void.
  • Back Command. Method: back() : void.
  • Refresh Command. Method: refresh() : void.

What is the return type of getWindowHandles?

getWindowHandles() return a set of window handles and is mainly used to get the window handle of all the current windows. driver. getWindowHandle() return type is string and driver. getWindowHandles()return type is Set<string>.

Is WebElement an interface or a class?

WebElement hierarchy:
WebElement is an interface which extends SearchContext and TakesScreenshot interfaces. It has many useful abstract methods like click(), sendKeys(), isSelected() etc. RemoteWebElement is a fully implemented class of WebElement interface.

How do you refresh a page without using context?

How to refresh a page without using context click
  1. Using sendKeys method. driver.findElement(By.id("firstname-placeholder")).sendKeys(Keys.F5);
  2. Using navigate.refresh() method. driver.navigate().refresh();
  3. Using navigate.to() method. driver.navigate().to(driver.getCurrentUrl());
  4. Using get() method.

How do you search for multiple Web elements in a list?

findElements() command in WebDriver can be used to find more than one web elements and save them into a list. To add more value to the answer: > If the provided value has the possibility to locate a single element, we can use findElement() command and save them into a variable of WebElement.

What is sendKeys selenium?

The sendKeys command works like the type command in the selenium IDE but there are 2 more functions in the "sendKeys" command which are not available in "type" command. Generally the "sendKeys" command is very useful in auto complete text boxes or combo boxes which require explicit key events.

What is CSS selector?

CSS Selector. CSS selectors are used to select the content you want to style. Selectors are the part of CSS rule set. CSS selectors select HTML elements according to its id, class, type, attribute etc. There are several different types of selectors in CSS.

Which method is used to get the text of an element in selenium?

getAttribute(String attributName) is used to retrieve given attribute value. getText() is used to retrieve inner text on web element.

What is the difference between WebElement and Webelements?

Hi Nilaabh, Selenium Webdriver uses findElement and findElements methods to find locators of any web element. Now the difference between them is that the findElement command takes in the By object as the parameter and returns an object of type WebElement.

What is the difference between WebDriver and RemoteWebDriver?

The primary difference is that remote webdriver needs to be configured so that it can run your tests on a seperate machine. The RemoteWebDriver is composed of two pieces: a client and a server. The client is your WebDriver test and the server is simply a Java servlet, which can be hosted in any modern JEE app server.

Which method is used to work with multiple browser windows?

switchTo(). window()" method available to switch from one window to another window so it is very easy to handle multiple windows in webdriver. If you remember, We can use "selectWindow" window command in selenium IDE software testing tool to select another window.