What causes panic disorder with agoraphobia?

Asked By: Valenti Jolobov | Last Updated: 15th April, 2020
Category: medical health sleep disorders
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The anxiety is caused by fear that there's no easy way to escape or get help if the anxiety intensifies. Most people who have agoraphobia develop it after having one or more panic attacks, causing them to worry about having another attack and avoid the places where it may happen again.

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Considering this, what is the relationship between panic disorder and agoraphobia?

Panic disorder is not the same as anxiety or a single panic attack. Symptoms of panic disorder include frequent and unexpected panic attacks. Agoraphobia is fear or anxiety of being in situations where you feel you cannot escape. Having early treatment is important for recovery from panic disorder or agoraphobia.

Similarly, how is panic disorder treated with agoraphobia? Antidepressants. Certain antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), such as fluoxetine (Prozac) and sertraline (Zoloft), are used for the treatment of panic disorder with agoraphobia. Other types of antidepressants may also effectively treat agoraphobia.

In respect to this, can panic attacks cause agoraphobia?

Causes of Agoraphobia with Panic Attacks It usually comes from having repeated panic attacks. If you have had previous panic attacks you may be afraid of having another panic attack. You may start to avoid situations that could cause such attacks. This fear can contribute to the development of agoraphobia.

Is agoraphobia a severe mental illness?

Agoraphobia is a type of anxiety disorder. A person with agoraphobia is afraid to leave environments they know or consider to be safe. In severe cases, a person with agoraphobia considers their home to be the only safe environment.

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What can trigger agoraphobia?

Agoraphobia without panic disorder
This type of agoraphobia can be triggered by a number of different irrational fears (phobias), such as the fear of: being a victim of violent crime or a terrorist attack if you leave your house. becoming infected by a serious illness if you visit crowded places.

Can you have agoraphobia without panic disorder?

Agoraphobia without a history of panic disorder (also called primary agoraphobia) is an anxiety disorder where the sufferer does not meet the DSM-5 criteria for panic disorder. In a small minority of cases, however, agoraphobia can develop by itself without being triggered by the onset of panic attacks.

Is agoraphobia an anxiety disorder?

Agoraphobia (ag-uh-ruh-FOE-be-uh) is a type of anxiety disorder in which you fear and avoid places or situations that might cause you to panic and make you feel trapped, helpless or embarrassed.

Can you get disability for panic disorder with agoraphobia?

You can get disability benefits if your agoraphobia results in frequent panic attacks that are followed by worry about more panic attacks or if you have disproportionate anxiety about being in two different situations outside your home (for example, of being on a bus and being in a crowd).

Can you die from agoraphobia?


You may become short of breath and may feel as if you're choking. You may have a sense of unreality and a strong desire to run away. You may fear you're having a heart attack, or that you're going to lose control of your body, or even die.

What helps agoraphobia?

7 Steps to Help Ease Agoraphobia
  1. Learn More. Agoraphobia is a complex and often misunderstood anxiety disorder.
  2. Practice Patience.
  3. Don't Trivialize the Person's Feelings and Experiences.
  4. Help Your Friend Create An Anxiety Plan.
  5. Be a Support System.
  6. Regularly Check-In.
  7. Encourage Them to Seek Professional Treatment.

Are there different types of agoraphobia?

These include having: depression. other phobias, such as claustrophobia and social phobia. another type of anxiety disorder, such as generalized anxiety disorder or obsessive compulsive disorder.

Which behavioral technique is often successful in the treatment of panic disorder with agoraphobia?

Cognitive behavioral therapy and exposure therapy are the most effective psychotherapies that treat agoraphobia. Medications like SSRIs, beta-blockers, and benzodiazepines most commonly treat agoraphobia.

Will Xanax help agoraphobia?

Xanax can help reduce the severity of anxiety and panic attacks. Primarily used for the treatment of panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia), Xanax is also used in the treatment of other anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

How is agoraphobia diagnosed?


To have a diagnosis of agoraphobia, a person must feel extreme fear or panic in at least 2 of the following situations: Using public transportation, such as a bus or plane. Being in an open space, such as a parking lot, bridge or large mall. Being in an enclosed space, such as a movie theater, meeting room or small

Is agoraphobia inherited?

Agoraphobia is commonly genetically inherited, but there are other reasons someone may develop the disorder. Learn what the most likely cause of having agoraphobia is. The DSM-5 states that heritability of agoraphobia is 61 percent, meaning genetics is the most likely cause of someone developing the disorder.

Can agoraphobia be cured?

Agoraphobia is actually a very treatable problem. However, many people find it very difficult to overcome. This kind of treatment is usually called exposure treatment, and it's considered the most effective treatment available for panic and agoraphobia.

Does citalopram stop panic attacks?

By reducing the rate at which serotonin is reabsorbed, Celexa changes your brain chemistry, improving mood and reducing feelings of anxiety. Celexa can assist in decreasing the severity of panic attacks and other panic disorder symptoms.

Why am I afraid to leave my house?

Agoraphobia is often a progressive phobia, and may eventually lead to a fear of leaving the house. However, it is the panic attack, rather than the act of being in public, that is the cause of the fear.

Are panic attacks a medical condition?


Panic disorder is an underlying medical condition, and panic attacks are a symptoms. While everyone can experience a panic attack in their lifetime, those with a panic disorder experience recurrent attacks. The fear they may experience another attack can cause them to withdraw from friends and family.

Can drugs cause agoraphobia?

Drug Abuse as a Cause of Agoraphobia
Common side effects of alcohol or drug use include anxiety and panic. It is possible for an individual to develop agoraphobia and other fears because of drug or alcohol abuse. When an individual becomes dependent on a substance, their risk of anxiety increases.

What is the medical term for panic attack?

Medical Definition of Panic disorder
Panic disorder: An anxiety disorder that is characterized by sudden attacks of fear and panic. Symptoms of panic attacks include rapid heartbeat, strange chest sensations, shortness of breath, dizziness, tingling, and anxiousness.