What caused the Gallic Wars?

Asked By: Kangwei Braak | Last Updated: 20th June, 2020
Category: religion and spirituality buddhism
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The Gallic Wars were triggered by the Helvetii, a Gallic tribe that lived in modern Switzerland. They were coming under increasing pressure from the Germans in the north and east, and felt trapped with their backs to the Alps.

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Regarding this, why did Julius Caesar write the Gallic Wars?

Since the Roman government disapproved of Caesar's undertakings, his literary aim in the Gallic War is to merely justify his actions of his annexation of Gaul (modern France) to Rome. To control a positive image in Rome, Caesar changes and conceals actual facts to make his actions appear just and necessary.

Beside above, where were the Gallic wars fought? Gaul Britannia Germania

Subsequently, one may also ask, who won the Gallic Wars?

Rome's war against the Gallic tribes lasted from 58 BC to 50 BC and culminated in the decisive Battle of Alesia in 52 BC, in which a complete Roman victory resulted in the expansion of the Roman Republic over the whole of Gaul (mainly present-day France and Belgium).

When was the Gallic Wars written?

The Commentaries of Caesar on the Gallic War were known in Rome before the year 46 B.c.1 The enthusiastic praise of Cicero, so often quoted, was written then, but it indicates that the books had already been in circulation.

37 Related Question Answers Found

What are the three parts of Gaul?

All Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae inhabit, the Aquitani another, those who in their own language are called Celts, in ours Gauls, the third. All these differ from each other in language, customs and laws.

What did Julius Caesar say about the Celts?

Caesar described the cultural differences between the Germanic tribesmen, the Romans, and the Gauls. He said that the Gauls, although warlike, could be civilized, but the Germanic tribesmen were far more savage and were a threat to Roman Gaul and so had to be conquered.

How many Celts did the Romans kill?

In 60 Celtic Queen Boudicca, of the Iceni, led a revolt against Roman rule, in part spurred by a Roman attack on an important Druid sanctuary on Anglesey. Boudicca's forces wiped out several Roman settlements and troops before being crushed, with an estimated 80,000 killed.

When did the Gallic wars end?

58 BC – 51 BC

What did Caesar say when he crossed the Rubicon?

When Julius Caesar was about to cross the tiny Rubicon River in 49 B.C.E., he quoted from a play by Menander to say "anerriphtho kybos!" or "let the die be cast" in Greek.

What were people from Gaul called?

The Romans divided Gaul broadly into Provincia (the conquered area around the Mediterranean), and the northern Gallia Comata ("free Gaul" or "wooded Gaul"). Caesar divided the people of Gaulia Comata into three broad groups: the Aquitani; Galli (who in their own language were called Celtae); and Belgae.

What is modern day Alesia?

Alesia. Alesia, ancient town situated on Mont Auxois, above the present-day village of Alise-Sainte-Reine in the département of Côte d'Or, France. Alesia is famous as the site of the siege and capture of Vercingetorix by Julius Caesar in 52 bc that ended Gallic resistance to Caesar.

Why did Rome never conquer Germany?

The Romans were able to "conquer" large parts of Germania, briefly. They were unable to HOLD it for any length of time. The reason stemmed from the region's "backwardness." There was no central government or central power through which the Romans could operate. There were no cities (except the ones the Romans built).

Who started the Gallic Wars?

A conflict that began with an attempt to preserve stability on the borders of the Roman province of Transalpine Gaul soon turned into a war of conquest. Only after putting down three major Gallic revolts, the last and most famous being led by Vercingetorix, could Caesar claim to have pacified Gaul.

Did Julius Caesar lose any battles?

The simple answer is yes. The battle of Dyrrhachium was fought between Pompey and Caesar in 48 BC. [5] In these skirmishes Caesar was for the most part victorious and carried the day; but once he narrowly escaped being utterly crushed and losing his army, for Pompey made a brilliant fight and at last ro

Who conquered Italy?

Napoleon conquered most of Italy in the name of the French Revolution in 1797–99.

Why did Caesar leave Britain?

He invaded Britain to protect Rome. As he said in his Gallic Wars, 'He made this decision because he found that the British had been aiding the enemy in almost all our wars with the Gauls'. Caesar always wrote about himself in the third person.

How many wars did Julius Caesar fight?

The military campaigns of Julius Caesar constituted both the Gallic War (58 BC-51 BC) and Caesar's civil war (50 BC-45 BC). The Gallic War mainly took place in what is now France. In 55 and 54 BC, he invaded Britain, although he made little headway.

Why was Julius Caesar assassinated?

In January 44, Caesar—who was already dictator—was named perpetual dictator by the Senate. This declaration made many senators of the conservative Optimates faction fear that Caesar wanted to overthrow the Republic and establish a monarchy; they thus decided to kill him to save the Republic.