What are the subunits that make up large molecules called?
Then, what is another name for large molecules made of many subunits?
AP Bio Chapter 3 Vocabulary
|Polymer||A large molecule made up of similar or identical subunits called monomers.|
|Polysaccharide||A macromolecule composed of many monosaccharides (simple sugars). Common examples are cellulose and starch.|
|Primary structure||The specific sequence of amino acids in a protein.|
Additionally, which subunits make up an amino acid molecule? An amino acid is an organic molecule that is made up of a basic amino group (−NH2), an acidic carboxyl group (−COOH), and an organic R group (or side chain) that is unique to each amino acid. The term amino acid is short for α-amino [alpha-amino] carboxylic acid.
Subsequently, one may also ask, what are the subunits that make up a protein?
Proteins are made of subunits called amino acids and are used to build cells and do much of the work inside organisms. They also act as enzymes helping to control metabolic reactions in organisms. Amino acids contain two functional groups, the carboxyl group (-COOH) and the amino group (-NH2).
What are the subunits called that make up carbohydrates?
The subunits that make up carbohydrates are called monosaccharides, or simple sugars.