What is the main difference between call by value and call by reference?
Keeping this in view, what is the difference between call by value and call by reference?
KEY DIFFERENCE In Call by value, a copy of the variable is passed whereas in Call by reference, a variable itself is passed. Call by Value, variables are passed using a straightforward method whereas Call by Reference, pointers are required to store the address of variables.
One may also ask, what is meant by call by value? The call by value method of passing arguments to a function copies the actual value of an argument into the formal parameter of the function. In general, it means the code within a function cannot alter the arguments used to call the function. Consider the function swap() definition as follows.
Additionally, what is the diff between calling and called function?
Answer: The calling function contains the input (the actual parameters) which is given to the called function which then works on them because it contains the definition, performs the procedure specified and returns if anything is to be returned.
What is Call by reference with example?
The call by reference method of passing arguments to a function copies the address of an argument into the formal parameter. Inside the function, the address is used to access the actual argument used in the call. It means the changes made to the parameter affect the passed argument.