What are the 5 types of figure of speech?

Asked By: Wifredo Ramallo | Last Updated: 3rd May, 2020
Category: books and literature poetry
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Five important types of figures of speech include hyperbole, symbols, simile, personification and metaphor.
  • Hyperbole. Hyperbole is used to overstate or emphasize a concept.
  • Symbol.
  • Simile.
  • Personification.
  • Metaphor.

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Besides, what are the 10 figure of speech?

Some common figures of speech are alliteration, anaphora, antimetabole, antithesis, apostrophe, assonance, hyperbole, irony, metonymy, onomatopoeia, paradox, personification, pun, simile, synecdoche, and understatement.

Also, what are the 4 types of figure of speech? In this lesson we look at four common types of figure of speech:

  • Simile. A figure of speech that says that one thing is like another different thing.
  • Metaphor. A figure of speech that says that one thing is another different thing.
  • Hyperbole.
  • Oxymoron.

In respect to this, what are the figures of speech and their examples?

Figures of speech are a very important method of communication in our society. They specify between different shades of meaning and give more accurate descriptions. Some examples of common figures of speech include the simile, metaphor, pun, personification, hyperbole, understatement, paradox and oxymoron.

How many types of figure of speech are there in English?

In European languages figures of speech are generally classified in five major categories: (1) figures of resemblance or relationship (e.g., simile, metaphor, kenning, conceit, parallelism, personification, metonymy, synecdoche, and euphemism); (2) figures of emphasis or understatement (e.g., hyperbole, litotes,

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What is a simile example?

A simile is a figure of speech that compares two different things in an interesting way. The object of a simile is to spark an interesting connection in a reader's or listener's mind. An example of a simile is: She is as innocent as an angel. An example of a metaphor is: She is an angel.

What are the 12 figures of speech?

Figures of Speech
  • Alliteration.
  • Allusion.
  • Anaphora.
  • Antaclasis.
  • Anticlimax.
  • Antiphrasis.
  • Antithesis.
  • Apostrophe.

What is a simile for kids?

A simile is a figure of speech that directly compares two different things. The simile is usually in a phrase that begins with the words "as" or "like." This is different from a metaphor, which is also a comparison but one says something is something else.

What is hyperbole example?

Hyperbole in Everyday Use
She's so dumb, she thinks Taco Bell is a Mexican phone company. I am so hungry I could eat a horse. I have a million things to do today. When I was young, I had to walk 15 miles to school, uphill, in the snow. I had a ton of homework.

What is an example of irony?


For example, verbal irony is when a person says the opposite of what they mean, often to sarcastic effect, such as when a customer says "Good job," to a waiter who has dropped his tray. Situational irony is also sometimes called an irony of events. The outcome can be tragic or humorous, but it is always unexpected.

What is oxymoron and examples?

Oxymoron is a figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect. The common oxymoron phrase is a combination of an adjective proceeded by a noun with contrasting meanings, such as “cruel kindness,” or “living death”. However, the contrasting words/phrases are not always glued together.

What is figure of speech in English grammar?

A figure of speech is an expression whose words are not used in their literal sense. A figure of speech is often used to portray an idea more clearly or more interestingly. The most common types of figures of speech are metaphors, similes, idioms, personification, hyperbole, and euphemisms.

What are the ten figures of speech?

Figures can help our readers understand and stay interested in what we have to say.
  • Alliteration. The repetition of an initial consonant sound.
  • Anaphora. The repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or verses.
  • Antithesis.
  • Apostrophe.
  • Asssonance.
  • Chiasmus.
  • Euphemism.
  • Hyperbole.

What is the in the 8 parts of speech?

The Eight Parts of Speech. There are eight parts of speech in the English language: noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection. The part of speech indicates how the word functions in meaning as well as grammatically within the sentence.

How many figures of speech are there?


Professor Robert DiYanni, in his book "Literature – Reading Fiction, Poetry, Drama and the Essay" wrote: "Rhetoricians have catalogued more than 250 different figures of speech, expressions or ways of using words in a nonliteral sense."

How do you explain irony?

Irony is a figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. It may also be a situation that ends up in quite a different way than what is generally anticipated. In simple words, it is a difference between appearance and reality.

What is personification and examples?

Personification gives human traits and qualities, such as emotions, desires, sensations, gestures and speech, often by way of a metaphor. Personification is much used in visual arts. Examples in writing are "the leaves waved in the wind", "the ocean heaved a sigh" or "the Sun smiled at us".

What do you mean by literature?

Literature is a term used to describe written and sometimes spoken material. Derived from the Latin word literature meaning "writing formed with letters," literature most commonly refers to works of the creative imagination, including poetry, drama, fiction, nonfiction, and in some instances, journalism, and song.

What are the most commonly used figure of speech?

The most important figures of speech are Simile; epic or Homeric Simile; Metaphor; Personification; Pathetic Fallacy; Apostrophe; Hyperbole; Metonymy; Synecdoche; Oxymoron; Antithesis; Onomatopaeia; Alliteration; and Transferred Epithet. The word “Simile” comes from the Latin 'similis' – 'like' and means 'likeness'.

What is an example of an onomatopoeia?


Common Examples of Onomatopoeia
Machine noises—honk, beep, vroom, clang, zap, boing. Animal names—cuckoo, whip-poor-will, whooping crane, chickadee. Impact sounds—boom, crash, whack, thump, bang. Sounds of the voice—shush, giggle, growl, whine, murmur, blurt, whisper, hiss.

What is a figure of speech called?

A figure of speech is a word or phrase that possesses a separate meaning from its literal definition. It can be a metaphor or simile, designed to make a comparison. It can be the repetition of alliteration or the exaggeration of hyperbole to provide a dramatic effect.

What is figure of speech in poem?

Figure of speech. An expressive, nonliteral use of language. Figures of speech include tropes (such as hyperbole, irony, metaphor, and simile) and schemes (anything involving the ordering and organizing of words—anaphora, antithesis, and chiasmus, for example).