What are the 5 mood disorders?

Asked By: Lahoma Terlinden | Last Updated: 12th January, 2020
Category: medical health mental health
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Mood Disorders
  • Specifiers for Mood Disorders. DSM-5 includes multiple specifiers to describe the Bipolar and Depressive Disorders (Ref.
  • Bipolar I Disorder.
  • Bipolar II Disorder.
  • Cyclothymic Disorder.
  • Major Depressive Disorder.
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia)
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder.

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Hereof, what are the different types of mood disorders?

The most common types of mood disorders are major depression, dysthymia (dysthymic disorder), bipolar disorder, mood disorder due to a general medical condition, and substance-induced mood disorder. There is no clear cause of mood disorders.

Additionally, how do you know if you have a mood disorder?

  1. Your energy levels are chronically low.
  2. You've lost interest in activities you used to enjoy.
  3. You always feel bored and can't seem to get motivated.
  4. You have no appetite or can't stop eating.
  5. You're experiencing sleep disruptions, insomnia, or oversleeping.
  6. You always feel sad or bummed out.

Also Know, what are the causes of mood disorders?

  • Family history.
  • Previous diagnosis of a mood disorder.
  • Trauma, stress or major life changes in the case of depression.
  • Physical illness or use of certain medications.
  • Brain structure and function in the case of bipolar disorder.

What is a mood disorder psychology?

A mood disorder, also referred to as an affective disorder, is a condition that severely impacts your mood and its related functions. If you have symptoms of a mood disorder, your moods may range from extremely low (depressed) to extremely high or irritable (manic).

34 Related Question Answers Found

Is anxiety a mood disorders?

Is Anxiety a Mood Disorder? “No, anxiety is a feeling. All people experience anxiety at some time in their life during events like car accidents, weddings and new jobs. There are things that create anxiety, but are short lived and not an actual disorder.

What type of disorder is anxiety?

Types of anxiety
  • Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) A person feels anxious on most days, worrying about lots of different things, for a period of six months or more.
  • Social anxiety.
  • Specific phobias.
  • Panic disorder.
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

How do you help someone with mood disorders?

Guide to Helping Someone with a Mood Disorder
  1. It's not your fault. You did not cause your family member's illness nor will you find a cure.
  2. You are not alone.
  3. Your emotions and reactions are normal.
  4. Take care of yourself.
  5. Find social support.
  6. Knowledge is power.
  7. Remember that life is a marathon not a sprint.
  8. Remember that you are only human.

Is a mood disorder the same as bipolar?

Bipolar disorder (also known as manic depression) is a treatable illness marked by extreme changes in mood, thought, energy and behavior. It is called bipolar disorder because a person's mood can alternate between the "poles" of mania (high, elevated mood) and depression (low, depressed mood).

What is a dysphoric mood?

A dysphoric mood state may be expressed by patients as sadness, heaviness, numbness, or sometimes irritability and mood swings. They often report a loss of interest or pleasure in their usual activities, difficulty concentrating, or loss of energy and motivation.

Is ADHD a mood disorder?

Bipolar disorder is primarily a mood disorder. ADHD affects attention and behavior; it causes symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. While ADHD is chronic or ongoing, bipolar disorder is usually episodic, with periods of normal mood interspersed with depression, mania, or hypomania.

What is psychotic behavior?

Psychotic disorders are severe mental disorders that cause abnormal thinking and perceptions. People with psychoses lose touch with reality. Two of the main symptoms are delusions and hallucinations. Schizophrenia is one type of psychotic disorder. People with bipolar disorder may also have psychotic symptoms.

How do you treat mood disorders naturally?

Evidence-based data suggest that light therapy, St John's wort, Rhodiola rosea, omega-3 fatty acids, yoga, acupuncture, mindfulness therapies, exercise, sleep deprivation, and S-adenosylmethionine are effective in the treatment of mood disorders.

What is the best medicine for mood disorder?

Medications may include: Mood stabilizers. You'll typically need mood-stabilizing medication to control manic or hypomanic episodes. Examples of mood stabilizers include lithium (Lithobid), valproic acid (Depakene), divalproex sodium (Depakote), carbamazepine (Tegretol, Equetro, others) and lamotrigine (Lamictal).

What is the best medicine for mood swings?

Types of Mood Stabilizing Medication. The oldest and most studied of mood stabilizers is lithium. However, many drugs that were first developed as anticonvulsants to treat epilepsy also act as mood stabilizers. These include carbamazepine, divalproex and lamotrigine.

Are mood disorders hereditary?

Mood disorders can run in families. Researchers believe that many factors play a role. The factors that produce the trait or condition are often both inherited and environmental. If a father passes a mood disorder trait to his children, a son is more likely to have the disorder.

How long do mood swings last?

The duration of mood swings also varies. They may last a few hours - ultrarapid - or extend over days - ultradian: clinicians maintain that only when four continuous days of hypomania, or seven days of mania, occur, is a diagnosis of bipolar disorder justified.

What are some examples of mood disorders?

Some examples of mood disorders include:
  • Major depressive disorder — prolonged and persistent periods of extreme sadness.
  • Bipolar disorder — also called manic depression or bipolar affective disorder, depression that includes alternating times of depression and mania.

Is a mood disorder considered a disability?

If you are disabled because of a Mood Disorder that interferes with your day to day activities prevents you from working, you may well be entitled to Social Security Disability (SSDI) benefits.

How do I get rid of mood swings?

Get regular exercise
Moving and exercising are great for your physical and mental health. They can also help you treat or avoid shifts in mood. When you exercise, your body produces feel-good hormones and endorphins that can help alleviate stress and boost mood. Aim for 30 minutes of moderate exercise 5 days per week.

What is the difference between mood disorder and personality disorder?

Personality disorder means an enduring and problematic pattern of behavior, especially in relationships with others. Theoretically, this disorder is distinct from mood symptoms like depression, mania, or hypomania. In reality, the theoretical distinction between personality disorder and a mood disorder is hard to find.

How does mood disorder affect daily life?

Interference with life: Mood disorders can interrupt an individual's ability to perform daily activities. For example, depression can make a person unable to get out of bed or go to work, and mania can cause a person to go for days without sleep or to spend money they don't have.