Do basements have to be underground?
Furthermore, are basements always underground?
The lower floors were something we would call a “daylight basement” in the US. tldr: Basements do not have to be deep to be basements, and do not have to be underground on all sides to meet the definition.
Additionally, how do you build an underground basement? How to Build a Root Cellar in 7 Steps
- Step 1: The Hole. Dig a hole in the ground.
- Step 2: The Footer. Pour a concrete footer for the walls.
- Step 3: Lay the blocks. Start laying blocks.
- Step 4: Build the form for the roof.
- Step 5: Asseble the form on the roof.
- Step 6: Rebar and pouring the roof.
- Step 7: Finishing The Inside.
Also, do you need planning permission for underground?
If your home already has an underground space that is suitable for conversion from storage (or similar) to a habitable function, planning permission is not normally required as such a change is merely seen as re-purposing.
Why are there no basements in the South?
The last minor reason there are no basements in the south has to do with the frost line. For a building to maintain strength, its foundation should be below the frost line in the soil. There is no reason for builders in the south to build a basement because the foundation doesn't need to be very deep anyway.