Can I sue my employer for intentional infliction of emotional distress?

Asked By: Aleksandra Arlegui | Last Updated: 25th February, 2020
Category: medical health mental health
4.7/5 (122 Views . 22 Votes)
Legally, there are two types of emotional distress for which you can sue. They are as follows: Negligent Infliction of Emotional Distress (NIED): If your emotional distress was caused by your employer's negligent actions or conduct, you can sue for NIED.

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Also asked, how do I sue my employer for emotional distress?

You may wonder if you can sue your employer for emotional distress. If your distress is caused by the negligent or intentional acts of someone else, you may be able to file a personal injury claim to recover compensation for your damages.

Secondly, what is emotional distress in legal terms? Emotional Distress Law and Legal Definition. Emotional distress is a claim of damages in lawsuits for injury due to the negligence or intentional acts of another. In most jurisdictions, emotional distress cannot be claimed for breach of contract or other business activity resulting in monetary loss.

Besides, can I sue my wife's employer for emotional distress?

Injuries on the job are covered by workers compensation. In other words, you can not sue your employer for emotional distress, for the reasons you describe.

What is the tort of intentional infliction of emotional distress?

Intentional infliction of emotional distress (IIED; sometimes called the tort of outrage) is a common law tort that allows individuals to recover for severe emotional distress caused by another individual who intentionally or recklessly inflicted emotional distress by behaving in an "extreme and outrageous" way.

36 Related Question Answers Found

How do you know if your job is toxic?

Here are seven telling signs you may be working in a toxic office environment:
  1. You're told to feel “lucky you have a job.”
  2. Poor communication.
  3. Everyone has a bad attitude.
  4. There's always office drama.
  5. Dysfunction reigns.
  6. You have a tyrannical boss.
  7. You feel in your gut something is off.

How do you prove emotional distress?

Emotional distress may be one of the most difficult injuries to prove.

For those considering or pursuing a claim for emotional distress, here are five ways you may be able to prove your claim:
  1. Intensity.
  2. Duration.
  3. Related Bodily Harm.
  4. Underlying Cause.
  5. Doctor's Note.

How do you prove emotional distress at work?

Most courts require proof of four factual elements for an emotional distress claim to be successful:
  1. The employer or his agent acted intentionally or recklessly,
  2. The employer or agent's conduct was extreme and outrageous,
  3. The employer or agent's 's actions caused the employee mental distress.

What behaviors are considered criteria for a hostile work environment?

A hostile work environment can be created by behaviors such as: Sharing sexual photos (not limited to pornographic images); discussing sex acts or using sexually suggestive language; making sexual comments, jokes or gestures; or asking sexual questions.

How long do you have to sue an employer?


The EEOC must first issue what is called a “Dismissal and Notice of Rights” or “Notice of Right to Sue” before you can file a private lawsuit based upon your federal claim. A lawsuit based on your federal discrimination claim must be filed in federal or state court within 90 days of the date you receive the notice.

What constitutes a toxic work environment?

Toxic workplace. Quite similarly, Harder et al. (2014) define a toxic work environment as an environment that negatively impacts the viability of an organization. They specify: "It is reasonable to conclude that an organization can be considered toxic if it is ineffective as well as destructive to its employees".

What are examples of emotional distress?

Examples of emotional distress can include severe anxiety or anger. In certain cases, such as those pertaining to sexual harassment, the only consequence that a court can legally recognize and award damages for is emotional distress.

How much is the average discrimination lawsuit?

An average out of court settlement is about $40,000. In addition, 10 percent of wrongful termination and discrimination cases result in a $1 million dollar settlement. The majority of cases, about 67 percent, are ruled in the plaintiff's favor when taken to litigation.

How do I complain about my boss without getting fired?

How to Go Over Your Boss's Head and Not Get Fired
  1. Consider your office hierarchy.
  2. Stop mistakes in their tracks.
  3. Ask yourself if the problem can be resolved by approaching your boss directly.
  4. Don't lose faith in your ideas.
  5. Choose the right environment to approach upper management.
  6. Understand the difference between going against your boss and simply hating your job.

Can I sue my boss personally?


Can You Be Held Personally Liable In An Employment Lawsuit? This court fails to see any need to file a lawsuit to deter such unlawful behavior. Even if employees are not sued individually, their employer surely will take appropriate action to deter any future behavior.

How do I sue my employer and win?

You may choose to sue your employer for the following reasons:
  1. unfairly dismissed.
  2. discriminated against (for example, due to race, sex or religion)
  3. wrongfully dismissed.
  4. victim of harassment in the workplace.
  5. constructively dismissed.
  6. redundancy.
  7. stress-related illnesses.
  8. after an accident at work.

Can you sue someone for mental abuse?

Can I Sue For Emotional Or Verbal Abuse? Yes, you can. Many domestic abuse survivors have filed civil lawsuits based in claims of emotional and verbal abuse, because these are true sources of harm recognized by the court. Unfortunately, our attorneys do not represent plaintiffs in domestic abuse cases.

What can you do for a toxic work environment?

Below are just a few tips that should help you cope while you're working in a toxic work environment.
  • Have A Positive Mindset.
  • Tune Out.
  • Find Humor In Everyday Work Situations.
  • Don't Bring Work Issues Home With You.
  • Don't Engage In The Office Gossip.
  • Find Inspiration Elsewhere.
  • Take Breaks Every Now And Then.

Can I sue my employer for creating a hostile work environment?

To sue your employer for harassment under a hostile work environment theory, you must show that you were subjected to offensive, unwelcome conduct that was so severe or pervasive that it affected the terms and conditions of your employment. Legally speaking, harassment is a form of discrimination.

How do you deal with a lying boss?


If you choose to confront your boss, provide a face-saving escape. Avoid labelling the deceit as such, and do not be accusatory. Take proactive steps to try to prevent your boss from lying to you again. Be explicit about your moral code and build strong relationships.

What can you sue a company for?

Companies are sued for many different reasons, and the response to a lawsuit is going to depend upon the nature of the claim made against your business. Lawsuits commonly arise against companies when: Employees claim discrimination, violations of wage-and-hour laws, or wrongful termination.

What is emotional suffering?

Legal Definition of emotional distress
: a highly unpleasant emotional reaction (as anguish, humiliation, or fury) which results from another's conduct and for which damages may be sought. — called also emotional harm, mental anguish, mental distress, mental disturbance, mental suffering.