Why was the Berlin blockade lifted?

Asked By: Aiyu Likhodei | Last Updated: 25th March, 2020
Category: news and politics war and conflicts
4.7/5 (397 Views . 22 Votes)
On this day in 1949, an early battle of the Cold War ends when the USSR lifts its blockade against West Berlin. In June 1948, in an attempt to discourage the Western powers from maintaining the sovereignty of West Berlin, the USSR imposed blockades on routes to Berlin through Soviet occupation zones in East Germany.

Click to see full answer


Besides, when was the Berlin blockade lifted?

June 24, 1948 – May 12, 1949

Similarly, what was the Berlin crisis and blockade and how was it resolved? On May 12, 1949, an early crisis of the Cold War comes to an end when the Soviet Union lifts its 11-month blockade against West Berlin. The blockade had been broken by a massive U.S.-British airlift of vital supplies to West Berlin's two million citizens.

Hereof, why did the Berlin Blockade happen?

The main cause of the Berlin Blockade was the Cold War, which was just getting started. Stalin was taking over eastern Europe by salami tactics and Czechoslovakia had just turned Communist (March 1948). Stalin wanted to destroy Germany, and the USSR had been stripping East Germany of its wealth and machinery.

How did the Berlin Blockade impact the Cold War?

The impact on relations Germany and Berlin would remain a source of tension in Europe for the duration of the Cold War. After the crisis of the Berlin Blockade in 1948-49, Europe became divided into two opposing armed camps - the US-backed NATO on one side, and the USSR Warsaw Pact , on the other.

14 Related Question Answers Found

Why was the Berlin Blockade important?

The Berlin Blockade was an attempt in 1948 by the Soviet Union to limit the ability of the United States, Great Britain and France to travel to their sectors of Berlin, which lay within Russian-occupied East Germany. A 1948 map detailing the Berlin Blockade, one of the first major international crises of the Cold War.

What happened in the Berlin airlift?

In response to the Soviet blockade of land routes into West Berlin, the United States begins a massive airlift of food, water, and medicine to the citizens of the besieged city. For nearly a year, supplies from American planes sustained the over 2 million people in West Berlin.

How did the Berlin blockade increased tension?

The United States saw the blockade as a threat to the freedom of Western Europe. Since the two million West Berliners depended on trade with Western nations, a blockade would leave them without food and they would become at the mercy of the USSR. Stalin wanted to make Berlin entirely dependent on the USSR.

How many people died during the Berlin blockade?


Whilst at the height of the airlift, one plane reached West Berlin every thirty seconds. A total of 101 fatalities were recorded as a result of the Air Lift operations, which included 40 Britons and 31 Americans. Seventeen American and eight British aircraft crashed during the operation causing most of the deaths.

What is the best definition of the Cold War?

Definition of the Cold War
The Cold War was a period of economic, political and military tension between the United States and Soviet Union from 1945 to 1991. This battle of ideologies resulted in increased national security, diplomatic tension and proxy wars between the two powerful nations.

What was the result of breaking the Berlin blockade in 1948 49?

What was a result of breaking the Berlin blockade in 1948-49? It paved the way for the creation of two separate German states in 1949: the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), aligned with the US, and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), aligned with the USSR.

Did the Berlin blockade increased Cold War tensions?

The Berlin Airlift: The End of the Blockade
On May 12, 1949, the Soviets lifted the blockade and reopened the roads, canals and railway routes into the western half of the city. It amped up Cold War tensions and made the USSR look to the rest of the world like a cruel and capricious enemy.

What does Berlin Airlift mean?

Berlin airlift. A military operation in the late 1940s that brought food and other needed goods into West Berlin by air after the government of East Germany, which at that time surrounded West Berlin (see Berlin wall) (see also Berlin wall), had cut off its supply routes.

How did the Berlin Wall start?


Berlin Wall built. Two days after sealing off free passage between East and West Berlin with barbed wire, East German authorities begin building a wall—the Berlin Wall—to permanently close off access to the West. The end of World War II in 1945 saw Germany divided into four Allied occupation zones.