What was an effect of the division of Berlin?

Asked By: Bryon Udel | Last Updated: 29th March, 2020
Category: news and politics war and conflicts
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Consequences. The Berlin wall divided families who found themselves unable to visit each other. Many East Berliners were cut off from their jobs. West Berliners demonstrated against the wall and their mayor Willy Brandt led the criticism against the United States who they felt had failed to respond.

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Also, how did the division of Germany affect the Cold War?

The division of Germany into occupation zones at the end of World War II was actually agreed upon before the end of the war. Berlin, divided but within East Germany itself, was especially problematic, and the Soviets in an attempt to unify the city under communist control sealed off the city from West Germany.

Furthermore, why is the German division important? AFTER its defeat in World War II, Germany was divided into four zones under the control of the United States, Britain, France and the former Soviet Union. The division, nevertheless, was provisional. For the Western Powers, the economic reconstruction of Germany was given priority.

Just so, what did the Berlin Wall cause?

The wall was built to keep the country's people in. But the Soviets and East German government said it was to keep capitalism out. They said that West Germany refused to recognize East Germany as an independent country because they wanted to take over North-East Germany just like Hitler took over Poland.

How did the Berlin Wall affect society?

The Berlin Wall was more than just a barrier, and a physical division of East and West Berlin. It was a symbolic boundary between communism and capitalism. West Germany would become a thriving capitalist and democratic state whilst East Germany communist.

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How did Germany become communist?

It was created in 1946 through the Soviet-directed merger of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) and the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) in the Soviet controlled zone. However, the SED quickly transformed into a full-fledged Communist party as the more independent-minded Social Democrats were pushed out.

How did the formation of NATO and the Warsaw Pact contribute to the Cold War?

In 1949, the prospect of further Communist expansion prompted the United States and 11 other Western nations to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The Soviet Union and its affiliated Communist nations in Eastern Europe founded a rival alliance, the Warsaw Pact, in 1955.

How did the cold war start?

The Cold War began after the surrender of Nazi Germany in 1945, when the uneasy alliance between the United States and Great Britain on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other started to fall apart. The Americans and the British worried that Soviet domination in eastern Europe might be permanent.

How did the Berlin blockade and airlift contribute to the Cold War?

The Berlin Airlift: The End of the Blockade
On May 12, 1949, the Soviets lifted the blockade and reopened the roads, canals and railway routes into the western half of the city. It amped up Cold War tensions and made the USSR look to the rest of the world like a cruel and capricious enemy.

How did the Berlin Blockade contribute to the Cold War?


The Berlin Blockade was an attempt in 1948 by the Soviet Union to limit the ability of the United States, Great Britain and France to travel to their sectors of Berlin, which lay within Russian-occupied East Germany.

What is the division of Germany?

A Divided Germany
After the Potsdam conference, Germany was divided into four occupied zones: Great Britain in the northwest, France in the southwest, the United States in the south and the Soviet Union in the east. Berlin, the capital city situated in Soviet territory, was also divided into four occupied zones.

Who started the Warsaw Pact?

The Soviet Union

What happened in Germany after World War 2?

The reconstruction of Germany after World War II was a long process. Germany had suffered heavy losses during the war, both in lives and industrial power. Millions of German prisoners of war were for several years used as forced labor, both by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union.

Who took down the Berlin Wall?

On June 12, 1987 — more than 25 years after the Berlin Wall first divided the city's East and West — U.S. President Ronald Reagan gave a famous speech in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, challenging his Soviet counterpart Mikhail Gorbachev by declaring, “Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall.”

Who was involved in the Berlin Wall?

September 3, 1971 - Talks between the US, Britain, France and the Soviet Union lead to the Four-Power Agreement on Berlin, a decree to improve conditions for West Berliners and ease travel to and from West Germany and West Berlin, as well as travel by West Berliners to the East.

Where did the Berlin Wall start and end?

The Wall cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany, including East Berlin.

Berlin Wall
Country East Germany East Berlin (Soviet-occupied sector of Berlin)
Coordinates 52.516°N 13.377°ECoordinates:52.516°N 13.377°E
Construction started 13 August 1961
Demolished 9 November 1989

What happened after the Berlin Wall fell?

The Berlin Wall fell 30 years ago, on November 9, 1989. It was a moment that shocked the world and marked the beginning of the end of the Cold War — culminating in the toppling of the East German communist dictatorship, the reunification of Germany in 1990, and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

What was the Berlin Wall and how did it fall?


The Berlin Wall fell on 9 November 1989
In 1989, political changes in Eastern Europe and civil unrest in Germany put pressure on the East German government to loosen some of its regulations on travel to West Germany.

Is Germany still occupied?

Allied Occupation of Germany, 1945-52. After Germany's defeat in the Second World War, the four main allies in Europe - the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and France - took part in a joint occupation of the German state.

What did the Soviets do with their zone in Germany?

The Soviet Union occupied most of eastern Germany, while the other Allied nations occupied western Germany. The German capital of Berlin was similarly divided into four zones of occupation. The Soviets sought huge reparations from Germany in the form of money, industrial equipment, and resources.