Why did the Battle of Puebla happen?

Asked By: Omar Grafenstein | Last Updated: 28th May, 2020
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Cinco de Mayo is a holiday that commemorates the victory of the Mexican army over a far larger French force in the Battle of Puebla, on May 5, 1862. The conflict began in 1861, when Benito Juarez, then the president of Mexico, stopped paying interest on the money he owed several countries, including France.

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Similarly, it is asked, why was the Battle of Puebla fought?

On May 5, 1862, a ragtag Mexican army defeated the better-equipped hosts of the Second French Empire at the Battle of Puebla. Over time, the Battle of Puebla grew in national significance. The victory strengthened the morale of a very young Mexico and became the rallying cry of resistance to foreign domination.

Additionally, was the Battle of Puebla a major battle in Mexican history? The Battle of Puebla (Spanish: Batalla de Puebla; French: Bataille de Puebla) took place on 5 May 1862, near Puebla City during the Second French intervention in Mexico. The battle ended in a victory for the Mexican Army over the French Army.

Also to know is, why is the Battle of Puebla important to American history?

At the time of the Battle of Puebla, the Confederacy had strung together impressive victories over the Union forces. This link between the victory in Puebla and the Civil War drove Mexican Americans in California to celebrate the holiday as part of the cause to abolish slavery.

Who led the Battle of Puebla?

General Ignacio Zaragoza

31 Related Question Answers Found

What three things does Cinco de Mayo Celebrate?

Cinco de Mayo
Observed by Mexicans, Mexican Americans, and people of non-Mexican heritage
Type Historical, national, ethnic, and cultural
Significance Celebration of the Mexican victory over French forces at the Battle of Puebla, on May 5, 1862
Celebrations Parades, food, music, folkloric dancing, battle reenactments

How was Cinco de Mayo created?

Mexican independence is celebrated Sept. 16. Cinco de Mayo commemorates the Mexican army's unlikely victory over the French forces of Napoleon III on May 5, 1862, at the Battle of Puebla. Mexico had trouble paying back war debts to European countries, and France had come to Mexico to collect that debt.

Who invented Cinco de Mayo?

Emperor Maximilian of Austria was put in charge. Mexican President Benito Juárez made it a holiday. The anniversary of the Battle of Puebla was declared a national holiday referred to as “Battle of Puebla Day” or “Battle of Cinco de Mayo” by President Benito Juárez on May 9, 1862.

What countries celebrate Cinco Demayo?

Within Mexico, Cinco de Mayo is primarily observed in the state of Puebla, where Zaragoza's unlikely victory occurred, although other parts of the country also take part in the celebration. Traditions include military parades, recreations of the Battle of Puebla and other festive events.

How did Mexico beat the French?


Mexican forces commanded by General Ignacio Zaragoza defeated the French army in the Battle of Puebla on 5 May 1862 (commemorated by the Cinco de Mayo holiday). The pursuing Mexican army was contained by the French at Orizaba, Veracruz, on 14 June.

Why did France lose to Mexico?

After losing the Battle of Puebla, France went on to win the war. In the wake of the battle, an infuriated Emperor Napoleon III ordered that almost 30,000 more troops be sent to Mexico. This time around, under a new commander, they were able to overrun Puebla and easily conquer Mexico City.

What events led to Cinco de Mayo?

Cinco de Mayo is a holiday that commemorates the victory of the Mexican army over a far larger French force in the Battle of Puebla, on May 5, 1862. The conflict began in 1861, when Benito Juarez, then the president of Mexico, stopped paying interest on the money he owed several countries, including France.

Why did Mexico and France go to war?

In 1862, French Emperor Napoleon III maneuvered to establish a French client state in Mexico, and eventually installed Maximilian of Habsburg, Archduke of Austria, as Emperor of Mexico. In the event that the debts were not repaid, Mexico would agree to the cession of Baja California and other Mexican states.

How long does Cinco de Mayo last?

Cinco de Mayo, which isn't widely celebrated in Mexico, commemorates an underdog victory over France in the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862. The victory was galvanizing for the Mexican forces — and for those supporting them from afar — but it was short-lived, as France later occupied Mexico for a few years.

Why did France send troops to Mexico in 1861?


1861-1867. In December 1861, Emperor Napoleon III invaded Mexico on a pretext that Mexico had refused to pay its foreign debt, though in retrospect, Emperor Napoleon III wanted to expand his empire in Latin-America and this became known as the Second French intervention in Mexico.

How did Cinco de Mayo affect the American Civil War?

Cinco de Mayo actually marks the unlikely defeat of elite French forces by an undermanned Mexican army in the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862. In fact, this underdog Mexican victory may have played a part in preventing French Emperor Napoleon III from helping the Confederacy win the American Civil War.

At what point did the French decided to back down and surrender?

…made a stand in the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862—a victory recalled to this day in Cinco de Mayo…

Is Cinco de Mayo the Day of the Dead?

Nope. People in Puebla celebrate, as that's where the unlikely victory occurred, but the festivities aren't nationwide. Cinco de Mayo isn't a federal holiday so the day is just like any other day for most people in Mexico.

How many French died in Cinco de Mayo?

With the battle lost, the French eventually retreated to Orizaba, a city midway between Puebla and Veracruz. The French suffered nearly 500 casualties at Puebla, including more than 100 killed in action. Mexican losses were about 85 dead and more than 100 wounded.

Is Puebla a state?


Puebla, estado (state), east-central Mexico. It is bounded by the states of Veracruz to the north and east, Oaxaca to the south, Guerrero to the southwest, Morelos and México to the west, and Tlaxcala and Hidalgo to the northwest.

What kind of food do you eat for Cinco de Mayo?

The typical Cinco de Mayo is a day of eating tacos and drinking margaritas. But, just like you won't find corned beef and green beer in Ireland on St. Patrick's Day, you won't find ground beef tacos, nachos and frozen margaritas in Mexico on Cinco de Mayo.