Why are alcohols and phenols soluble in water?
Also asked, why are phenols less soluble in water than other alcohols?
As the hydrocarbon part of an alcohol gets larger, the alcohol becomes less water soluble and more soluble in nonpolar solvents. Phenol is somewhat soluble in water. It acts as a weak acid in water, so a solution of phenol will be slightly acidic.
Similarly, are phenols soluble in water? Water
Regarding this, why are alcohols soluble in water?
Alcohols are soluble in water. This is due to the hydroxyl group in the alcohol which is able to form hydrogen bons with water molecules. Alcohols with a smaller hydrocarbon chain are very soluble. As the length of the hydrocarbon chain increases, the solubility in water decreases.
Why are large alcohols not soluble in water?
The lower solubility of bigger alcohols All you get in place of those original hydrogen bonds are van der Waals dispersion forces between the water and the hydrocarbon "tails". These attractions are much weaker. That means that you don't get enough energy back to compensate for the hydrogen bonds being broken.