Who are the Lares?

Asked By: Abad Heinsius | Last Updated: 31st May, 2020
Category: religion and spirituality hinduism
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Lares (/ˈl??riːz, ˈle?riːz/ LAIR-eez, LAY-reez, Latin: [ˈlareːs]; archaic Lasēs, singular Lar) were guardian deities in ancient Roman religion. Their origin is uncertain; they may have been hero-ancestors, guardians of the hearth, fields, boundaries, or fruitfulness, or an amalgamation of these.

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In respect to this, who were the Lares and Penates?

In Roman mythology , Lares and Penates were groups of deities, or gods, who protected the family and the Roman state. Although different in origin and purpose, the Lares and Penates were often worshipped together at household shrines.

Similarly, what were the Lares in Roman religion? Lar, plural Lares, in Roman religion, any of numerous tutelary deities. They were originally gods of the cultivated fields, worshipped by each household at the crossroads where its allotment joined those of others.

Moreover, who was Penates?

The Penates are the household gods who watch over the penus - the larder the household store of a home. They were originally honoured at the family hearth but later came to include also the particular deities a family worshiped.

What is the difference between Lares and Penates?

As nouns the difference between penates and lares is that penates is (historical) the household gods, in ancient rome, thought to watch over one's house and storeroom; by extension, one's definitive household goods while lares is .

19 Related Question Answers Found

What does Lararium mean in Latin?

lararium (Latin)
From Larēs‎ ("household gods") + -ārium‎ ("place for").

What were Roman household gods called?

Roman writers sometimes identify or conflate them with ancestor-deities, domestic Penates, and the hearth. Because of these associations, Lares are sometimes categorised as household gods, but some had much broader domains.

Where is the Lararium in a Roman house?


The Lararium (pl. lararia) altar is the sacred place of the home where offerings and prayers are made to the Gods. In more affluent Roman homes, such as private villas, the main Lararium altar was usually set in the Atrium (front reception room, near the front door).

What are the Roman numina Penates?

In ancient Roman religion, the Di Penates (Latin: [ˈdiː p?ˈnaːteːs]) or Penates (English: /p?ˈne?tiːz/ pin-AY-teez) were among the dii familiares, or household deities, invoked most often in domestic rituals. When the family had a meal, they threw a bit into the fire on the hearth for the Penates.

Who is the god Janus?

In ancient Roman religion and myth, Janus (/ˈd?e?n?s/ JAY-n?s; Latin: IANVS (Iānus), pronounced [ˈjaːn?s]) is the god of beginnings, gates, transitions, time, duality, doorways, passages, and endings. He is usually depicted as having two faces, since he looks to the future and to the past.

What are the Roman numina?

At the founding of Rome, the gods were numina, divine manifestations, faceless, formless, but no less powerful. The idea of gods as anthropomorphized beings came later, with the influence from Etruscans and Greeks, which had human form. Some of the Roman Gods are at least as old as the founding of Rome.

Why did the Romans have so many gods?

The Romans believed in many different gods and goddesses. People worshipped the gods in temples where they made sacrifices of animals and precious things. The Romans believed that blood sacrifices were the best way to communicate with the gods. Sheep were often sacrificed to Jupiter.

Who did the Romans worship?


The Roman Empire was primarily a polytheistic civilization, which meant that people recognized and worshiped multiple gods and goddess. The main god and goddesses in Roman culture were Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva.

How many hours were in a Roman day?

The Romans had 12 day-hours and 12 night-hours. The first daylight hour (hora prima) began at sunrise, noon was the sixth hour (hora sexta), and the last hour (hora duodecima) ended at sunset. There were no minutes or seconds.

Who were the three most important Roman gods?

Although they kept Latin names and images, the links between Roman and Greek gods gradually came together to form one divine family that ruled over other gods, as well as mortals. The three most important gods were Jupiter (protector of the state), Juno (protector of women) and Minerva (goddess of craft and wisdom).

How old is ancient?

1400-1500 years

What was Vesta the goddess of?

Vesta was the goddess of the hearth, the home, and domestic life in the Roman religion (idenitified with the Greek goddess Hestia). She was the first-born of the titans Kronos and Rhea and, like the others, was swallowed by her father.

How is the Roman festival of Lupercalia celebrated?


Lupercalia was an ancient pagan festival held each year in Rome on February 15. Unlike Valentine's Day, however, Lupercalia was a bloody, violent and sexually-charged celebration awash with animal sacrifice, random matchmaking and coupling in the hopes of warding off evil spirits and infertility.