What is a Lararium?

Asked By: Breann Brinkert | Last Updated: 8th May, 2020
Category: religion and spirituality hinduism
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The lararium was a shrine to the guardian spirits of the Roman household. Family members performed daily rituals at this shrine to guarantee the protection of these domestic spirits, the most significant of which were the lares.

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Also asked, what does Lararium mean?

The Lararium (pl. lararia) altar is the sacred place of the home where offerings and prayers are made to the Gods. In smaller Roman homes which might not have an atrium, such as insula apartments, the Lararium was most often located near the hearth (the kitchen or place of a central fire).

Beside above, what were the Lares in Roman religion? Lar, plural Lares, in Roman religion, any of numerous tutelary deities. They were originally gods of the cultivated fields, worshipped by each household at the crossroads where its allotment joined those of others.

Also to know is, what were the Lares?

?riːz, ˈle?riːz/ LAIR-eez, LAY-reez, Latin: [ˈlareːs]; archaic Lasēs, singular Lar) were guardian deities in ancient Roman religion. Their origin is uncertain; they may have been hero-ancestors, guardians of the hearth, fields, boundaries, or fruitfulness, or an amalgamation of these.

What is the difference between Lares and Penates?

As nouns the difference between penates and lares is that penates is (historical) the household gods, in ancient rome, thought to watch over one's house and storeroom; by extension, one's definitive household goods while lares is .

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What does Peristylium mean?

1. A series of columns surrounding a building or enclosing a court. 2. A court enclosed by columns. [French péristyle, from Latin peristȳlum, from Greek peristūlon, from neuter of peristūlos, surrounded by columns : peri-, peri- + stūlos, pillar; see stā- in Indo-European roots.]

What was the Tablinum used for?

The tablinum was the office in a Roman house, the father's centre for business, where he would receive his clients. It was originally the master bedroom, but later became the main office and reception room for the house master.

What was the Impluvium used for?

The impluvium is the sunken part of the atrium in a Greek or Roman house (domus). Designed to carry away the rainwater coming through the compluvium of the roof, it is usually made of marble and placed about 30 cm below the floor of the atrium.

What is a peristyle in an atrium style house?

Roman houses
around a colonnaded court, or peristyle. The atrium, a rectangular room with an opening in the roof to the sky, and its adjoining rooms were peculiarly Roman elements; the peristyle was Greek or Middle Eastern.

How is the Roman festival of Lupercalia celebrated?

Lupercalia was an ancient pagan festival held each year in Rome on February 15. Unlike Valentine's Day, however, Lupercalia was a bloody, violent and sexually-charged celebration awash with animal sacrifice, random matchmaking and coupling in the hopes of warding off evil spirits and infertility.

Why did the Romans have so many gods?

The Romans believed in many different gods and goddesses. People worshipped the gods in temples where they made sacrifices of animals and precious things. The Romans believed that blood sacrifices were the best way to communicate with the gods. Sheep were often sacrificed to Jupiter.

Who did the Romans worship?

The Roman Empire was primarily a polytheistic civilization, which meant that people recognized and worshiped multiple gods and goddess. The main god and goddesses in Roman culture were Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva.

Who was Penates?

The Penates are the household gods who watch over the penus - the larder the household store of a home. They were originally honoured at the family hearth but later came to include also the particular deities a family worshiped.

What was Vesta the goddess of?

Vesta was the goddess of the hearth, the home, and domestic life in the Roman religion (idenitified with the Greek goddess Hestia). She was the first-born of the titans Kronos and Rhea and, like the others, was swallowed by her father.

Where is the Lararium in a Roman house?

Most Roman households featured a niche or altar designed for private worship, called the lararium. Often located in the atrium or near the kitchen hearth, the design of the lararium evoked the architecture of public temples in miniature.

Who is the god Janus?

In ancient Roman religion and myth, Janus (/ˈd?e?n?s/ JAY-n?s; Latin: IANVS (Iānus), pronounced [ˈjaːn?s]) is the god of beginnings, gates, transitions, time, duality, doorways, passages, and endings. He is usually depicted as having two faces, since he looks to the future and to the past.

How many hours were in a Roman day?

The Romans had 12 day-hours and 12 night-hours. The first daylight hour (hora prima) began at sunrise, noon was the sixth hour (hora sexta), and the last hour (hora duodecima) ended at sunset. There were no minutes or seconds.

How old is ancient?

1400-1500 years

Who were the three most important Roman gods?

Although they kept Latin names and images, the links between Roman and Greek gods gradually came together to form one divine family that ruled over other gods, as well as mortals. The three most important gods were Jupiter (protector of the state), Juno (protector of women) and Minerva (goddess of craft and wisdom).

What are the Roman numina?

At the founding of Rome, the gods were numina, divine manifestations, faceless, formless, but no less powerful. The idea of gods as anthropomorphized beings came later, with the influence from Etruscans and Greeks, which had human form. Some of the Roman Gods are at least as old as the founding of Rome.