Which regions of the cerebral cortex lie at the back of the head and receive visual information?

Asked By: Wenhua Ditze | Last Updated: 9th June, 2020
Category: medical health brain and nervous system disorders
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The occipital lobe is located at the back portion of the brain and is associated with interpreting visual stimuli and information. The primary visual cortex, which receives and interprets information from the retinas of the eyes, is located in the occipital lobe.

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Keeping this in view, where in the cerebral cortex is the sensory information interpreted?

Sensory areas are the areas of the brain that receive and process sensory information. The cerebral cortex is connected to various subcortical structures such as the thalamus and the basal ganglia. Most sensory information is routed to the cerebral cortex via the thalamus.

Similarly, which portion of the cerebral cortex is located nearest the top of the head just behind the frontal lobes? Temporal Lobe: side of head above ears situated immediately behind and below the frontal lobes; the temporal lobe controls memory, speech and comprehension. Brain Stem: lower part of brain, leads to spinal cord; the brain stem contains nerve fibers that carry signals to and from all parts of the body.

Correspondingly, what part of the brain is the cortex?

The cerebral cortex (plural cortices), also known as the cerebral mantle, is the outer layer of neural tissue of the cerebrum of the brain in humans and other mammals. It is separated into two cortices, by the longitudinal fissure that divides the cerebrum into the left and right cerebral hemispheres.

What are the 4 lobes of the cerebral cortex and their functions?

Traditionally, each of the hemispheres has been divided into four lobes: frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital. Although we now know that most brain functions rely on many different regions across the entire brain working in conjunction, it is still true that each lobe carries out the bulk of certain functions.

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What is the cerebral cortex responsible for?

The cerebral cortex is the thin layer of the brain that covers the outer portion (1.5mm to 5mm) of the cerebrum. The cerebrum is the most highly developed part of the human brain and is responsible for thinking, perceiving, producing, and understanding language.

What is the cortex responsible for?

The Cerebral Cortex is made up of tightly packed neurons and is the wrinkly, outermost layer that surrounds the brain. It is also responsible for higher thought processes including speech and decision making .

What happens when the cerebral cortex is damaged?

Patients may suffer from involuntary muscle movements or a loss of muscle control in portions of their body. Furthermore, injuries to the cerebral cortex are often linked to depressive disorders, poor decision making, a complete lack of impulse control, and memory or attention problems.

How does the cerebral cortex affect behavior?

Poor cerebral cortex functions leads to more impulsive behavior. Study subjects in whom the activity of the prefrontal cortex was temporarily suppressed could control their emotional impulses less well than normal. Their amygdala deep in the brain that is responsible for emotional reactions then becomes extra active.

What brain areas are involved in language processing?

We now know that numerous regions in every major lobe (frontal, parietal, occipital and temporal lobes; and the cerebellum, an area at the bottom of the brain) are involved in our ability to produce and comprehend language.

What part of the brain controls personality?

Frontal lobe.
The largest section of the brain located in the front of the head, the frontal lobe is involved in personality characteristics and movement.

Where is the cerebral cortex located and what is located here?

The cerebral cortex is located in the outer 2 mm of the cerebrum. Cell bodies, and unmyelinated axons and dendrites of the cerebral neurons life there.

What is the function of the medulla?

The medulla oblongata helps regulate breathing, heart and blood vessel function, digestion, sneezing, and swallowing. This part of the brain is a center for respiration and circulation. Sensory and motor neurons (nerve cells) from the forebrain and midbrain travel through the medulla.

Can the cerebral cortex heal?

Injured Brain Can Heal Itself. process. A Menzies Research Institute study, recently published in the international neuroscience journal Cerebral Cortex describes how nerve cells change their structure in response to the trauma.

Which side of the brain controls memory?

The medial temporal lobe (the inner part of the temporal lobe, near the divide between the left and right hemispheres) in particular is thought to be involved in declarative and episodic memory.

What are the three layers of the cerebrum?

The cerebrum is divided into a right and a left hemisphere and is composed of pairs of frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes.

Which lobe of the cerebral cortex is most involved in thinking?

Frontal Lobes: These lobes are positioned at the front-most region of the cerebral cortex. They are involved with movement, decision-making, problem-solving, and planning. The right frontal lobe controls activity on the left side of the body and the left frontal lobe controls activity on the right side.

What part of the brain absorbs information?

The brain consists of many different structures, and the cortex encases all of them. The cortex is the outermost shell of the brain that takes care of complex thinking abilities. For example, memory, language, spatial awareness, and even personality traits.

Is the cerebral cortex in the frontal lobe?

Share on Pinterest The frontal lobe is located near the forehead and plays a vital role in motivation and memory. The frontal lobe is part of the brain's cerebral cortex. Individually, the paired lobes are known as the left and right frontal cortex.

Which lobe is responsible for memory?

The hippocampus is a structure in the brain that has been associated with various memory functions. It is part of the limbic system, and lies next to the medial temporal lobe.