Which is the best definition for the term Taphonomy?

Asked By: Soila Laguardia | Last Updated: 10th March, 2020
Category: science geology
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taphonomy. noun. The study of the events and processes, such as burial in sediment, transportation, and decomposition, that affect the remains of an organism after it dies. These events and processes, especially those leading up to preservation or fossilization.

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Also asked, what is Taphonomy in Archaeology?

Taphonomy. Taphonomy is the subdiscipline of paleontology and archaeology predominantly concerned with the characteristics and context of fossil remains, in which the challenge of deciphering information from ancient remnants is considerable.

Similarly, who first introduced Taphonomy? Ivan Efremov

Likewise, what is the science of Taphonomy?

The term taphonomy (from the Greek taphos, τάφος meaning "burial", and nomos, νόμος meaning "law") was introduced to paleontology in 1949 by Soviet scientist Ivan Efremov to describe the study of the transition of remains, parts, or products of organisms from the biosphere to the lithosphere.

What Taphonomy is what it isn't and why Taphonomists should care about the difference?

What Taphonomy Is, What it Isn't, and Why Taphonomists Should Care about the Difference. The term "taphonomy" was originally defined by paleontologist I.A. Efremov in 1949 as "the study of the transition (in all its details) of animal remains from the biosphere into the lithosphere".

18 Related Question Answers Found

How does fossilization occur?

Fossilization, or taphonomy, is the process that occurs when plant and animal remains are preserved in sedimentary rock. Fossilization occurs after an organism dies and only affects hard body parts, such as bones and shells. Over time, the sediment hardens, and the shell dissolves away, leaving a mold of itself.

What is a deranging factor?

a series of learned values, beliefs, etc. Deranging factors. processes which take items out of p.c. and move them around so that associations are a combination of the activities by which they were used and the operation of the deranging factors. Examples of deranging factors.

What is forensic Taphonomy?

Forensic taphonomy is the study of the postmortem changes to human remains, focusing largely on environmental effects—including decomposition in soil and water and interaction with plants, insects, and other animals.

How are archaeological sites found?

Archaeologist have two categories that everything falls under in order to find sites. They find various sites by visually observing objects on the surface of the earth that can explain anything related to understanding human life. They also use Ariel/ satellite imagery to help them locate archaeological areas.

What is Ethnoarchaeology How does it help the study of history?

Ethnoarchaeology is the ethnographic study of peoples for archaeological reasons, usually through the study of the material remains of a society (see David & Kramer 2001). Ethnoarchaeology aids archaeologists in reconstructing ancient lifeways by studying the material and non-material traditions of modern societies.

What is the purpose of experimental Archaeology?

Archaeologists can use experimental archaeology to better understand the archaeological record. Experimental archaeology is a process by which an archaeologist replicates artifacts and features such as structures, tools, or ancient technologies in order to better understand how they were made and used.

What is Taphonomy give four examples of taphonomic processes?

Four taphonomic processes are Surface weathering, transportation, bite marks/tools marks, and movement of specimen by animals. 2. Give four examples of taphonomic evidence that might indicate that an ancient animal represented by fossils was killed by a crocodile.

What type of conditions are necessary for a complete and exceptional preservation of an ecosystem?

The three main conditions affecting fossil preservation are rapid burial, hard parts and the elements. Rapid burial and hard parts favor preservation, while the elements play different roles in different situations.

What is an Ichnologist?

An Ichnologist is someone who studies trace fossils, those marks preserved in the fossil record that show evidence of the activity of organisms.

Why is the fossil record incomplete?

The fossil record, however, is quite incomplete. Here's one major reason why: Sediment has to cover an organism's remains in order for the long fossilization process to begin. So like the mineralized bones themselves, the fossil record is an incomplete framework that scientists flesh out through additional methods.

What is paleontological evidence?

Palaeontological evidence - definition
The study of life in past geologic time. is the study of prehistoric life, including the evolution and extinction of species and their associated environments.

What do we call the study of what happens to the remains of an organism quizlet?

The study of what happens to the remains of an organism is called. taphonomy.

What are preserved remains fossils?

A preserved fossil, also known as a "true form fossil," is one that remains intact, or nearly intact, because of the method in which it was fossilized. Preserved fossils are rare; most fossils suffer damage from weathering and sedimentation before they are discovered.

What can Taphonomy tell scientists about fossils?

Taphonomy (noun, “Ta-FAHN-oh-mee”)
Scientists may examine how bacteria, fungi and insects break down an animal's body, or how a dead organism might become a fossil over time.