Where is the Hypogastric artery?

Asked By: Medarda Bernzen | Last Updated: 16th February, 2020
Category: medical health bone and joint conditions
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The internal iliac artery, also called the hypogastric artery, is the dominant artery in the pelvic area. It is usually shorter in length than the external iliac artery. The main function of this artery is to supply blood to the pelvic region, hips, thighs, and the reproductive organs.

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Keeping this in view, where is the iliac artery located in the body?

In human anatomy, the iliac arteries are three arteries located in the region of the ilium in the pelvis: Common iliac artery – forms at terminus of the aorta. External iliac artery – forms when the common iliac artery bifurcates, continues as the femoral artery at the inguinal ligament.

Subsequently, question is, what is Hypogastric artery ligation? Hypogastric artery ligation for severe hemorrhage in obstetric patients. Ligation of the hypogastric arteries (HAL) was first introduced into surgery by the end of the 19(th) century to control intractable hemorrhage from the uterus of women with advanced cervical cancer.

Consequently, where does the Hypogastric vein receive blood from?

The internal iliac vein (hypogastric vein) begins near the upper part of the greater sciatic foramen, passes upward behind and slightly medial to the internal iliac artery and, at the brim of the pelvis, joins with the external iliac vein to form the common iliac vein.

How do you remember the branches of the internal iliac artery?

Branches of internal iliac artery (mnemonic)

  1. I: iliolumbar artery.
  2. L: lateral sacral artery.
  3. G: gluteal (superior and inferior) arteries.
  4. P: (internal) pudendal artery.
  5. I: inferior vesical (vaginal in females) artery, and superior vesical artery.
  6. M: middle rectal artery.
  7. V: vaginal artery (females only)
  8. O: obturator artery.

29 Related Question Answers Found

What is the iliac artery responsible for?

Function. The external iliac artery is the chief source of blood supply to the legs. Its branches also supply blood to the lower abdominal wall. An artery is a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart, while a vein is generally a blood vessel which carries blood back toward the heart.

Which leg has main artery?

The femoral artery is a large artery in the thigh and the main arterial supply to the thigh and leg. It enters the thigh from behind the inguinal ligament as the continuation of the external iliac artery. Here, it lies midway between the anterior superior iliac spine and the symphysis pubis.

What does the left common iliac artery supply?

The aorta ends at the fourth vertebra of the lumbar spine. There it divides into the right and left common iliac arteries. The external iliac artery provides the main blood supply to the leg. It becomes the femoral artery and branches off as the popliteal artery and the anterior and posterior tibial arteries.

What does the internal iliac artery supply?


In general, the internal iliac artery supplies blood to the viscera of the pelvis, the pelvic walls, the external genitalia, the perineum, the buttock and the medial compartment of the thigh.

What is an iliac stent?

An iliac stent is a small wire mesh tube that is used to hold open a iliac artery that has been narrowed by artery disease (atherosclerosis). The largest artery in the body (the aorta) divides into the common iliac arteries. The common iliac arteries divide into the internal and external iliac arteries.

Where is the lowest blood pressure found in the blood vessels?

Important: The highest pressure of circulating blood is found in arteries, and gradu- ally drops as the blood flows through the arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins (where it is the lowest). The greatest drop in blood pressure occurs at the transition from arteries to arterioles.

Where is the common iliac vein located?

The left and right common iliac veins come together in the abdomen at the level of the fifth lumbar vertebra, forming the inferior vena cava. They drain blood from the pelvis and lower limbs.

Which vein drains the brain?

internal jugular vein

Is May Thurner Syndrome Rare?


May-Thurner syndrome is a rare vascular condition that can cause symptoms in your left leg or foot and, if left untreated, leads to blood clots and other complications.

What is the difference between the right and left gonadal veins?

In males it is called the testicular vein (or internal spermatic vein) and in females it is called the ovarian vein. the left gonadal vein drains into the left renal vein. the right gonadal vein drains directly into the inferior vena cava.

How long do vein stents last?

Raju: Iliac vein stents have excellent long-term patency. In nonthrombotic disease, only three stents among over 1,000 that were followed up to 10 years (cumulative) have occluded—an astonishing statistic.

Where does the portal vein drain into?

The portal vein thus drains blood from most of the gastrointestinal tract. Blood then traverses the liver in the hepatic sinusoids and empties into the central veins through which it reaches the inferior vena cava.

Where does the common iliac artery come from?

The common iliac arteries are two large arteries that originate from the aortic bifurcation at the level of the fourth lumbar vertebra. They end in front of the sacroiliac joint, one on either side, and each bifurcates into the external and internal iliac arteries.

What vein drains the liver?


The hepatic veins are the veins that drain de-oxygenated blood from the liver into the inferior vena cava. There are usually three upper hepatic veins draining from the left, middle, and right parts of the liver.

What drains into external iliac vein?

The external iliac vein drains the inferior epigastric vein, deep circumflex iliac vein and also the pubic vein.

Is May Thurner Syndrome a disability?

Having DVT puts you at risk for a stroke or pulmonary embolism, both serious conditions that may make working inadvisable. It could also qualify you for Social Security disability (SSD) benefits if you can demonstrate that your condition is expected to last at least 12 months.