Where are the Broca's and Wernicke's area?

Asked By: Silvina Bellot | Last Updated: 15th February, 2020
Category: medical health brain and nervous system disorders
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Broca's and Wernicke's areas are cortical areas specialized for production and comprehension, respectively, of human language. Broca's area is found in the left inferior frontal gyrus and Wernicke's area is located in the left posterior superior temporal gyrus.

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Besides, what is the difference between Broca's and Wernicke's area?

Broca's area is the motor speech area and it helps in movements required to produce speech. This is called Broca's aphasia. Wernicke's area, which is located in the parietal and temporal lobe, is the sensory area. It helps in understanding speech and using the correct words to express our thoughts.

Subsequently, question is, what role does Broca's area and Wernicke's area play? When it comes to the functions, shortly, we can say that the Wernicke's area is responsible for language understanding/comprehension, the Broca's area is responsible for producing speech, i.e. communicating our thoughts, while the angular gyrus, is responsible for using sensory information as an important part of

Also question is, where is the Wernicke's area located?

Wernicke's area is classically located in the posterior section of the superior temporal gyrus (STG) in the (most commonly) left cerebral hemisphere. This area encircles the auditory cortex on the lateral sulcus (the part of the brain where the temporal lobe and parietal lobe meet).

Which part of the brain is affected by Wernicke's aphasia?

This triangular area (area located around Sylvian fissure) is where language is located in the brain. The two main language areas are Broca's area, which is located in the frontal lobe, and Wernicke's area, which is located in the temporal lobe. Damage to Broca's area results in Broca's aphasia.

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What is Wernicke's area responsible for?

Wernicke's Area Location and Function. Wernicke's area is the region of the brain that is important for language development. It is located in the temporal lobe on the left side of the brain and is responsible for the comprehension of speech, while Broca's area is related to the production of speech.

What is the Wernicke's aphasia?

Wernicke's aphasia, also known as receptive aphasia, sensory aphasia, or posterior aphasia, is a type of aphasia in which individuals have difficulty understanding written and spoken language. They typically remain unaware of even their most profound language deficits.

What are the 2 types of aphasia?

There are two broad categories of aphasia: fluent and nonfluent, and there are several types within these groups. Damage to the temporal lobe of the brain may result in Wernicke's aphasia (see figure), the most common type of fluent aphasia.

Is Broca's area sensory or motor?

Broca's area is found in the forebrain division of the brain. In directional terms, Broca's area is located in the lower portion of the left frontal lobe, and it controls motor functions involved with speech production and language comprehension.

What is Broca's area responsible for?


Broca's area is responsible for producing language. It controls motor functions involved with speech production. People who have damage to this area of the brain can understand words but struggle to put them together in speech.

What happens if you damage your Broca's area?

Aphasia is the loss of the ability to understand speech or communicate using language. It can occur when areas of the brain responsible for language become damaged. Broca's aphasia results from damage to a part of the brain called Broca's area, which is located in the frontal lobe, usually on the left side.

Is Broca's area in the frontal lobe?

Broca's area, or the Broca area (/ˈbro?k?/, also UK: /ˈbr?k?/, US: /ˈbro?k?ː/), is a region in the frontal lobe of the dominant hemisphere, usually the left, of the brain with functions linked to speech production.

Is Broca's area in both hemispheres?

In the normal layout, Broca's area is on the left hemisphere only. It is characterized by two features. First, it is a specific region of the frontal lobe, and it is the only source of speech production. Nobody has been observed with speech production area in another brain location or in both hemispheres.

How do you pronounce Wernicke's?

Here are 4 tips that should help you perfect your pronunciation of 'wernicke':
  1. Break 'wernicke' down into sounds: [VUR] + [NI] + [KUH] - say it out loud and exaggerate the sounds until you can consistently produce them.
  2. Record yourself saying 'wernicke' in full sentences, then watch yourself and listen.

What takes place in the cerebrum?


The frontal lobe, occipital lobe, temporal lobe and parietal lobe make up the cerebrum. The frontal lobe is responsible for problem-solving, voluntary body movement, sentence formation and personality. The occipital lobe is where processing of visual information takes place.

Can people with Wernicke's aphasia understand?

Aphasia is different from a disease like Alzheimer's, in which many of the brain's functions diminish over time. Those with Wernicke's aphasia may: have severely impaired reading and writing ability. understand visual materials better than written or spoken words.

What is Brodmann's Area 22?

Brodmann area 22. It is a Brodmann's area that is a cytoarchitecturally defined in both hemispheres of the human brain. Brodmann area 22 is cytoarchitecturally located in the posterior superior temporal gyrus on the left side of the brain. The left hemisphere helps with generation and understanding of individual words.

What is Broca's aphasia?

Expressive aphasia, also known as Broca's aphasia, is a type of aphasia characterized by partial loss of the ability to produce language (spoken, manual, or written), although comprehension generally remains intact. A person with expressive aphasia will exhibit effortful speech. This is known as "telegraphic speech".

What part of the brain is for comprehension?

The cerebrum, the large, outer part of the brain, controls reading, thinking, learning, speech, emotions and planned muscle movements like walking. It also controls vision, hearing and other senses.

What are Broca's and Wernicke's areas in the brain?


Broca's and Wernicke's areas are cortical areas specialized for production and comprehension, respectively, of human language. Broca's area is found in the left inferior frontal gyrus and Wernicke's area is located in the left posterior superior temporal gyrus.

What is sensory aphasia?

Medical Definition of sensory aphasia
: inability to understand spoken, written, or tactile speech symbols that results from damage (as by a brain lesion) to an area of the brain (as Wernicke's area) concerned with language. — called also receptive aphasia, Wernicke's aphasia.

How did Wernicke discover Wernicke's area?

Discovery of Wernicke's Area
In 1861, Paul Broca did just this. He was a neurosurgeon who studied a man named Tan. He was called Tan because that is the only word the man could say. He found lesions on the same side of the brain as Broca's area, but in the back of the temporal lobe.