What is the function of Broca's area and Wernicke's area?

Asked By: Mher Cornblith | Last Updated: 5th March, 2020
Category: medical health brain and nervous system disorders
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Wernicke's area is the region of the brain that is important for language development. It is located in the temporal lobe on the left side of the brain and is responsible for the comprehension of speech, while Broca's area is related to the production of speech.

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Keeping this in consideration, what is the function of the Broca's area?

Function of Broca's Area Broca's area is responsible for producing language. It controls motor functions involved with speech production. People who have damage to this area of the brain can understand words but struggle to put them together in speech.

Likewise, what is the difference between Broca's and Wernicke's area? Broca's area is the motor speech area and it helps in movements required to produce speech. This is called Broca's aphasia. Wernicke's area, which is located in the parietal and temporal lobe, is the sensory area. It helps in understanding speech and using the correct words to express our thoughts.

Considering this, what are the functions of Broca's and Wernicke's areas?

When it comes to the functions, shortly, we can say that the Wernicke's area is responsible for language understanding/comprehension, the Broca's area is responsible for producing speech, i.e. communicating our thoughts, while the angular gyrus, is responsible for using sensory information as an important part of

What is Wernicke's area in the brain?

Wernicke area, region of the brain that contains motor neurons involved in the comprehension of speech. This area was first described in 1874 by German neurologist Carl Wernicke. The Wernicke area is located in the posterior third of the upper temporal convolution of the left hemisphere of the brain.

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What will happen if the Broca's area is damaged?

Aphasia is the loss of the ability to understand speech or communicate using language. It can occur when areas of the brain responsible for language become damaged. Broca's aphasia results from damage to a part of the brain called Broca's area, which is located in the frontal lobe, usually on the left side.

What part of the brain controls speech and language?

Broca's area, or the Broca area (/ˈbro?k?/, also UK: /ˈbr?k?/, US: /ˈbro?k?ː/), is a region in the frontal lobe of the dominant hemisphere, usually the left, of the brain with functions linked to speech production.

What is Wernicke's area responsible for?

Wernicke's Area Location and Function. Wernicke's area is the region of the brain that is important for language development. It is located in the temporal lobe on the left side of the brain and is responsible for the comprehension of speech, while Broca's area is related to the production of speech.

What part of the brain controls speech and memory?

Temporal lobe.
The sides of the brain, these temporal lobes are involved in short-term memory, speech, musical rhythm, and some degree of smell recognition.

What part of the brain is for comprehension?

The cerebrum, the large, outer part of the brain, controls reading, thinking, learning, speech, emotions and planned muscle movements like walking. It also controls vision, hearing and other senses.

Where is the cerebrum located?

The cerebrum is located in the upper part of the cranial cavity, which is a space inside the top of the skull. It is divided into a right hemisphere and a left hemisphere by a deep groove known as the longitudinal fissure. The right half of the cerebrum controls the left side of the body.

What are the characteristics of Wernicke's aphasia?

Patients with Wernicke's aphasia demonstrate fluent speech, which is characterized by typical speech rate, intact syntactic abilities, and effortless speech output. Writing often reflects speech in that it tends to lack content or meaning.

Is Broca's area in both hemispheres?

In the normal layout, Broca's area is on the left hemisphere only. It is characterized by two features. First, it is a specific region of the frontal lobe, and it is the only source of speech production. Nobody has been observed with speech production area in another brain location or in both hemispheres.

What is an example of aphasia?

For example, a person with Broca's aphasia may say, "Walk dog," meaning, "I will take the dog for a walk," or "book book two table," for "There are two books on the table." People with Broca's aphasia typically understand the speech of others fairly well.

What connects Wernicke's and Broca's area?

The arcuate fasciculus connects two important areas for language use, Broca's area and Wernicke's area. The arcuate fasciculus (Latin: curved bundle) is a bundle of axons that connects Broca's area and Wernicke's area in the brain.

What part of the brain does Wernicke's aphasia affect?

This is because in Wernicke's aphasia individuals have damage in brain areas that are important for processing the meaning of words and spoken language. Such damage includes left posterior temporal regions of the brain, which are part of what is knows as Wernicke's area, hence the name of the aphasia.

Where are Broca's and Wernicke's areas found?

Broca's and Wernicke's areas are cortical areas specialized for production and comprehension, respectively, of human language. Broca's area is found in the left inferior frontal gyrus and Wernicke's area is located in the left posterior superior temporal gyrus.

Where is Wernicke's area found?

Wernicke's area is classically located in the posterior section of the superior temporal gyrus (STG) in the (most commonly) left cerebral hemisphere. This area encircles the auditory cortex on the lateral sulcus (the part of the brain where the temporal lobe and parietal lobe meet).

Is Broca's area in the prefrontal cortex?

Speech Production and Language
Cognitive neuroscience has shown that the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex is vital in the processing of words and sentences. Many researchers now include BA45 in the prefrontal cortex because together with BA44 make up an area of the frontal lobe called Broca's Area.

What causes Wernicke's aphasia?

Causes. Lesions or damage in the middle of the left side of the brain causes Wernicke's aphasia. Stroke is one potential cause of this condition because it impairs blood flow to the brain. If blood does not reach Wernicke's area of the brain, it can kill brain cells, resulting in this type of aphasia.