What's the difference between vitamin k2 and k3?

Asked By: Florinel Knakown | Last Updated: 12th February, 2020
Category: healthy living nutrition
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The vitamins phylloquinone (K1), menadione (K3) and various menaquinones (K2) were compared for their ability to serve as a cofactor for the hepatic vitamin K-dependent carboxylase. The K 1/2 value for MK-4 was 3-times lower than that for vitamin K1.

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People also ask, is vitamin K the same as k2?

Vitamin K1 is primarily found in leafy green vegetables, while K2 is most abundant in fermented foods and some animal products. Vitamin K2 may be absorbed better by the body and some forms may stay in the blood longer than vitamin K1. These two things may cause K1 and K2 to have different effects on your health.

Additionally, does Vitamin k2 cause clots? Vitamin K activates proteins that play a role in blood clotting, calcium metabolism and heart health. One of its most important functions is to regulate calcium deposition. This idea is supported by an animal study showing that vitamin K2 (MK-4) reduced blood vessel calcification whereas vitamin K1 did not ( 5 ).

Beside this, what is vitamin k3 used for?

The primary known function of vitamin K is to assist in the normal clotting of blood, but it may also play a role in normal bone calcification. Menadione (Vitamin K3) is a fat-soluble vitamin precursor that is converted into menaquinone in the liver.

How much Vitamin k2 should I take daily?

The adequate intake (AI) for Vitamin K is 90 micrograms (mcg)/day for women and 120 mcg/day for men. This value is solely based on the Vitamin K1 requirement to prevent bleeding.

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Does Vitamin k2 help clear arteries?

Vitamin K May Help Clear Arteries. MONDAY, April 2 (HealthDay News) -- Animals given high levels of vitamin K showed a 37 percent reduction in calcium buildup in their arteries, a new study finds. Arterial calcification is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, researchers noted.

Do you need to take vitamin k2 with d3?

Vitamin D3 ensures that calcium is absorbed easily and K2 (MK-7) activates the protein, osteocalcin, which integrates calcium into bone. Without D3 and K2, calcium cannot do its job effectively. Vitamin K2 (MK-7) activates matrix GLA protein (MGP) to bind excess calcium and promote arterial flow and flexibility.

Which Vitamin k2 is best?

Consuming vitamin K2 in its MK-7 form is better for raising levels of the vitamin in serum than K2 in the MK-4 form, says a new study from Japan and the Netherlands.

Is Vitamin k2 safe to take?

When taken by mouth: The two forms of vitamin K (vitamin K1 and vitamin K2) are LIKELY SAFE for most people when taken appropriately. Most people do not experience any side effects when taking vitamin K in the recommended amount each day. However, some people may have an upset stomach or diarrhea.

Can Vitamin k2 be toxic?


Toxicity. Although allergic reaction is possible, there is no known toxicity associated with high doses (dietary or supplemental) of the phylloquinone (vitamin K1) or menaquinone (vitamin K2) forms of vitamin K (42). No tolerable upper intake level (UL) has been established for vitamin K (42).

What does vitamin K do for your skin?

Vitamin K is essential in aiding the body's process of blood clotting, which helps the body heal wounds, bruises, and areas affected by surgery. The basic functions of vitamin K are also thought to help certain skin conditions, such as: stretch marks.

What are the side effects of Vitamin k2?

  • Difficulty in swallowing.
  • fast or irregular breathing.
  • lightheadedness or fainting.
  • shortness of breath.
  • skin rash, hives and/or itching.
  • swelling of eyelids, face, or lips.
  • tightness in chest.
  • troubled breathing and/or wheezing.

What are the benefits of taking vitamin k2?

Health Benefits of Vitamin K2
  • Heart Disease. In blood vessels, three vitamin K-dependent proteins, matrix Gla protein (MGP), Gas6, and protein S, help prevent calcification and inflammation. (
  • Bone Health.
  • Kidney Health.
  • Brain Health.
  • Preventing Cancer.
  • Insulin Sensitivity.
  • Vitamin K Synergies.

What are the symptoms of low vitamin K?

The signs and symptoms associated with vitamin K deficiency may include:
  • Easy bruising.
  • Oozing from nose or gums.
  • Excessive bleeding from wounds, punctures, and injection or surgical sites.
  • Heavy menstrual periods.
  • Bleeding from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
  • Blood in the urine and/or stool.

Are Bananas high in vitamin K?


Here is a thought that may ease your mind: bananas are a fruit that are low in vitamin K and full of potassium which your body needs. In addition to high potassium, they offer a good source of fiber, which can help in normal digestion. So, go bananas!

What happens if you don't get enough vitamin K?

What happens if I don't get enough vitamin K? Severe vitamin K deficiency can cause bruising and bleeding problems because the blood will take longer to clot. Vitamin K deficiency might reduce bone strength and increase the risk of getting osteoporosis because the body needs vitamin K for healthy bones.

What is another name for vitamin K?

The name vitamin K comes from the German word "Koagulationsvitamin." Several forms of vitamin K are used around the world as medicine. Vitamin K1 (phytonadione) and vitamin K2 (menaquinone) are available in North America.

What foods contain k3?

Food Sources
  • Green leafy vegetables, such as kale, spinach, turnip greens, collards, Swiss chard, mustard greens, parsley, romaine, and green leaf lettuce.
  • Vegetables such as Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage.
  • Fish, liver, meat, eggs, and cereals (contain smaller amounts)

Is there a vitamin k3?

Vitamin K is actually several vitamins – K1, K2, and K3. Vitamin K3 is synthetic and has primarily been used in some clinical investigations in cancer research, but it is not sold as a nutritional supplement in the United States.

Does Vitamin k2 reverse osteoporosis?


It is important to remember that, as with calcium and vitamin D supplements, increasing vitamin K2 levels alone cannot reverse osteoporosis. For most people diagnosed with osteoporosis-specific osteoporosis, medications must be taken to significantly reduce the risk of having a fracture.

Is vitamin K a potassium?

What's the difference between Vitamin K and Potassium? Potassium is a mineral on the periodic table represented by the letter K, and an electrolyte. Vitamin K, on the other hand, is a nutrient your body stores in fatty tissue and the liver. Its primary function in your body is to maintain blood coagulation.

What is k3 for cancer?

The association of vitamins C and K3 kills cancer cells mainly by autoschizis, a novel form of cell death. Basis for their potential use as coadjuvants in anticancer therapy. These enzymes are reactivated at early stages of cancer cell death by vitamin C (acid DNase) and vitamin K(3) (alkaline DNase).