What is trait anxiety in sport?

Asked By: Chiquita Kauhsen | Last Updated: 16th April, 2020
Category: medical health mental health
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Trait and state anxiety. Both trait and state anxiety need to be controlled in the sporting context. Trait anxiety refers to anxiety as a characteristic of a person, so that the person is generally anxious about unknown outcomes, it is a part of who the person is.

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Simply so, what does trait anxiety mean?

Trait anxiety refers to the stable tendency to attend to, experience, and report negative emotions such as fears, worries, and anxiety across many situations. This is part of the personality dimension of neuroticism versus emotional stability.

Additionally, what causes anxiety in sport? The factors which can increase stress and anxiety are: physical demands, psychological demands, environmental demands, expectations and pressure to perform to a high standard, significant other stressors, relationship issues and life direction concerns (Reilly and Williams, 2003).

Just so, what is competitive trait anxiety in sport?

Competitive trait anxiety (CTA) is a personality disposition which reflects the tendency to experience stress in situations involving competitive sport (20). Investigated cognitive anxiety symptoms involved characteristic precompetitive worries about failure and worries about adult expectations and evaluation.

How does trait anxiety affect sports performance?

Results showed that high trait anxious individuals experience more state cognitive and state somatic anxiety and less state self- confidence than low trait anxious athletes. Additionally, high school athletes experienced more somatic state anxiety than did college athletes.

32 Related Question Answers Found

What are the traits of anxiety?

Anxiety disorders are characterized by a variety of symptoms. One of the most common is excessive and intrusive worrying that disrupts daily functioning. Other signs include agitation, restlessness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, irritability, tense muscles and trouble sleeping.

Is anxious a personality trait?

Personality Style. Although there may always be some biological/genetic influence in how psychological problems develop, exploring how a person first learned to deal with the world can also uncover contributing factors. In this sense, anxiety can be thought of as a personality trait or even a personality style.

What is the difference between trait anxiety and state anxiety?

State anxiety reflects the psychological and physiological transient reactions directly related to adverse situations in a specific moment. In contrast, the term trait anxiety refers to a trait of personality, describing individual differences related to a tendency to present state anxiety.

What is the difference between situational and trait anxiety?

There's situational anxiety that is triggered by specific and immediate events. Trait anxiety reflects a stable tendency to respond with state anxiety in the anticipation of threatening situations. Trait anxiety tends to build up over time and may be the result of neurosis.

How is anxiety measured?


Measures of Anxiety
  1. THE STATE-TRAIT ANXIETY INVENTORY (STAI) Description. Purpose. To measure via self-report the presence and severity of current symptoms of anxiety and a generalized propensity to be anxious.
  2. BECK ANXIETY INVENTORY (BAI) Description. Purpose.
  3. HOSPITAL ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION SCALE-ANXIETY (HADS-A) Description. Purpose.

What is trait anxiety in public speaking?

When we talk about anxiety as it relates to public speaking, we like to think of it as two different types of anxiety. The other is trait anxiety, which refers to a more long-term form of anxiety. Trait anxiety reflects a stable tendency to respond with state anxiety in the anticipation of threatening situations.

Is anxiety a dependent or independent variable?

Moreover, while some studies show that stress (independent variable) increases anxiety (mediator), which in turn increased depression (dependent variable) [14], other studies show that stress (moderator) interacts with maladaptive self-schemata (dependent variable) to increase depression (independent variable) [15], [

What is low trait anxiety?

In contrast, trait anxiety refers to a general tendency to respond with anxiety to perceived threats in the environment, and is a relatively stable characteristic of an individual. An individual with higher trait anxiety feels more threats in many situations than someone with low trait anxiety.

What are somatic symptoms of anxiety?

What are the Somatic Symptoms of Anxiety?
  • tightening in the chest,
  • sweating,
  • jumping or feeling startled from noises or sounds,
  • diarrhea,
  • rapid heart rate,
  • shortness of breath,
  • problems concentrating,
  • problems falling asleep, and.

How do you overcome competition anxiety?


Reduce Performance Anxiety During the Event
  1. Focus on the task at hand rather than the outcome. Stay present in the moment3? and avoid thinking too far into the event or thinking about the finish.
  2. Force a smile. Really.
  3. Race like you don't care about the outcome.

What is competitive state anxiety?

Competitive state anxiety occurs when the demands of the sport are greater than that athletes perceived abilities.

What can cause anxiety?

These common external factors can cause anxiety:
  • Stress at work.
  • Stress from school.
  • Stress in a personal relationship such as marriage.
  • Financial stress.
  • Stress from an emotional trauma such as the death of a loved one.
  • Stress from a serious medical illness.
  • Side effect of medication.
  • Use of an illicit drug, such as cocaine.

What is a SCAT test?

(SCAT) A test measuring the tendency of an athlete to experience anxiety when competing in a sport. It is used to measure competitive trait anxiety. Test scoring is based on 10 questions that ask individuals how they feel when competing in sports and games.

What is multidimensional anxiety theory?

Theory that predicts that an increase in cognitive state anxiety (worry) has a negative effect on performance. The theory is based on the premise that state anxiety is multidimensional with its two components (cognitive anxiety and somatic anxiety) influencing performance differently.

What is the competitive state anxiety inventory 2?


The Competitive State Anxiety Inventory 2 (CSAI-2) is a 27 item questionnaire consisting of 3 dimensions: Cognitive Anxiety, Self-confidence and Somatic Anxiety. 231 athletes of both genders and different sporting modalities have replied using the Teskal Web application, aged from 14 to 42 years old.

How do you stop dating anxiety?

Combining ACT with traditional exposure and cognitive techniques rooted in CBT, here are some of the most effective ways to approach dating anxiety:
  1. Practicing self-disclosures.
  2. Reducing the threat of judgment from others–and yourself.
  3. Acceptance.
  4. Reframing catastrophic cognitions.
  5. Mindfulness and emotional intelligence.

How do sports relieve stress?

Ways to Deal With Stress in Sports
Deep breathing: Take a deep breath and hold it in for about 5 seconds, then release it slowly. Repeat five times. Muscle relaxation: Contract (flex) a group of muscles tightly. Keep them flexed for about 5 seconds, then release.