What is the term for a lateral S curve of the spine?

Asked By: Cherkaouia Larraga | Last Updated: 30th April, 2020
Category: medical health bone and joint conditions
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Scoliosis is a lateral, or sideways, deviation of the spine, or vertebral column. The condition usually includes two curves—the original abnormal curve and a later-developing compensatory curve.

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Then, what are the names of the spinal curves?

Spinal Curves Your spine is made up of three segments. When viewed from the side, these segments form three natural curves. The "c-shaped" curves of the neck (cervical spine) and lower back (lumbar spine) are called lordosis. The "reverse c-shaped" curve of the chest (thoracic spine) is called kyphosis.

Beside above, which condition causes a lateral sideways curvature of the spine? Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown.

Just so, what is a lateral curvature of the spine called quizlet?

Lateral curvature of the spine. Scoliosis.

Which side is scoliosis named for?

Scoliosis can occur in the mediolateral or in the anteroposterior direction. In the mediolateral direction, the curvature is rightward or leftward and is named according to the direction of the convexity of the curve.

38 Related Question Answers Found

What nerves are affected by t12?

At T12, the ventral ramus becomes a subcostal nerve that travels beneath the twelfth rib. At T1 through T12, the dorsal ramus goes into the back muscles and also provides sensation to the skin. The motor and sensory functions provided by a thoracic nerve root are determined by its vertebral level.

What parts of the body are controlled by the thoracic spine?

Thoracic Spinal Cord Injuries
  • T-1 through T-5 nerves affect muscles, upper chest, mid-back and abdominal muscles. These nerves and muscles help control the rib cage, lungs, diaphragm and muscles that help you breathe.
  • T-6 through T-12 nerves affect abdominal and back muscles.

What part of the spine controls the legs?

The thoracic vertebrae are situated between the cervical (neck) vertebrae and the lumbar vertebrae. These thoracic vertebrae provide attachment for the ribs and make up part of the back of the thorax or chest. Damage or SCI's above the T1 vertebra affects the arms and the legs.

Can you fix scoliosis with exercise?

Mild scoliosis is the most responsive to exercise treatment. Moderate scoliosis may be treated with exercise too, but wearing a medically prescribed brace is sometimes recommended as well. Severe scoliosis usually needs to be corrected with spinal surgery.

Is scoliosis a disability?

Social Security Disability for Scoliosis. If you have been diagnosed with scoliosis and it impacts you enough that you are unable to work, you may be eligible for Social Security Disability benefits. Scoliosis is not a disease, but a curvature of the spine that could vary from mild to severe.

Why is the spine S shaped?

From top to bottom, an ideal spine has an outward-inward-outward curve, thus taking the shape of an S. First and foremost, proper curvature of the spine gives it flexibility and creates support. The offsetting curves of each section create a spring-like structure, enabling the spine to act as a natural shock-absorber.

Which of the following is an abnormal lateral curve of the spine?

Abnormal Curvatures of the Vertebral Column (a) Scoliosis is an abnormal lateral bending of the vertebral column. (b) An excessive curvature of the upper thoracic vertebral column is called kyphosis. (c) Lordosis is an excessive curvature in the lumbar region of the vertebral column.

Is an accentuated lumbar curvature?

Lumbar hyperlordosis is a common postural position where the natural curve of the lumbar region of the back is slightly or dramatically accentuated. Commonly known as swayback, it is common in dancers. Common causes of lumbar hyperlordosis include tight low back muscles, excessive visceral fat, and pregnancy.

What are common local signs of osteomyelitis quizlet?

Clinical manifestations of acute osteomyelitis are both local and systemic. Local manifestations include constant bone pain that worsens with activity and is unrelieved by rest; swelling, tenderness, and warmth at the infection site; and restricted movement of the affected part.

What is slipping or subluxation of a vertebra?

Spondylolysis is a breakdown or fracture of the pars interarticularis. Spondylolisthesis is the slipping forward of the vertebral bone. Spondylolisthesis is the forward slippage of a vertebra out of its normal position caused by a pars fracture.

How many bones are in the vertebral column?

The vertebral column usually consists of 33 vertebrae: 24 presacral vertebrae (7 cervical, 12 thoracic, and 5 lumbar) followed by the sacrum (5 fused sacral vertebrae) and the coccyx (4 frequently fused coccygeal vertebrae).

What is the knuckle like process at the end of a bone?

Flexible, rubbery connective tissue. Hard, dense bone tissue, usually found around the outer portion of bones. condyle. Knuckle-like process at the end of a bone near the joint.

What are the major functions of the intervertebral discs?

An intervertebral disk acts as a shock absorber between each of the vertebrae in the spinal column by keeping the vertebrae separated when there is the impact from an activity. Hence the major function of intervertebral discs is to absorb shock.

Will scoliosis get worse with age?

For people diagnosed with scoliosis as young adults, the curve may progress as they age. People with severe 50-degree curves can expect them to increase 1 to 2 degrees every year, Szalay says. Minor curves may never worsen.

What should you not do if you have scoliosis?

Lifting heavy objects
Lifting large weights puts pressure on your spine, and if it's already curving to one side, the extra pressure can make that curvature even more pronounced. Scoliosis sufferers should endeavour to avoid lifting heavy objects alone.