What is the difference between Seljuk Turk and Ottoman Turk?

Asked By: Anja Raatjes | Last Updated: 4th January, 2020
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In general people use the term Seljuk Turk to indicate a citizen (Turk or not) that lived under this empire. Ottomans on the other hand were a few centuries later and most refers to Ottoman Turk as the non-Arab Muslims living in Anatolia during the Ottomans.

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In this regard, are the Turks and the Ottomans the same?

In short no. Turks are simply the members of Turkic tribes that migrated from Central Asia about a thousand years ago. Ottomans on the other hand are the continuation of a group within Sultanate of Rum, made up of some Turks as well as other ethnic groups like Greeks, etc.

Furthermore, what were the Turks? Turkish people or the Turks (Turkish: Türkler), also known as Anatolian Turks (Turkish: Anadolu Türkleri), are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language. Ethnic Turkish minorities exist in the former lands of the Ottoman Empire.

Also question is, what is the difference between Turkish and Ottoman?

Turkic spoken outside the Ottoman Empire was “purer” but also less diverse in vocabulary. Ottoman Turkish was written primarily in Arabic or Persian scripts. Ottoman Turkish was flexible in that the words were written in many different scripts. Officially, though, it was in Arabic or Persian letters.

What happened to the Seljuk Turks?

The Seljuk Turks Expand The Seljuks were pastoral and nomadic, with a strong warrior tradition. The Ghaznavids lost all of their realm in Iran and Central Asia to the Seljuks. They were weakened by family feuding and held on to power at Ghazni into the 1100s. The Seljuk empire, 1037-94, at its farthest extent.

37 Related Question Answers Found

Why is it called ottoman?

Ottoman, the padded, low-lying upholstered chair, got its name from the Ottoman Empire that ruled Turkey in the 1700s. The name Ottoman was derived from Osman, a bey (chieftain) from a tribe in western Turkey, who declared independence from the Seljuk Turks. Ottomans have a wide range of styles, shapes and sizes.

Who stopped the Ottomans in Europe?

(Bosnia was completely added to Ottoman lands in 1482.) The Turkish advance was temporarily halted after Stephen the Great of Moldavia defeated the armies of the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II at the Battle of Vaslui in 1475, one of the greatest defeats of the Ottoman Empire until that time.

What is an ottoman person?

The word Ottoman is a historical anglicisation of the name of Osman I, the founder of the Empire and of the ruling House of Osman (also known as the Ottoman dynasty). The term Rūmī was also used to refer to Turkish-speakers by the other Muslim peoples of the empire and beyond.

Where are Ottomans now?

Their descendants now live in many different countries throughout Europe, as well as in the United States, the Middle East, and since they have now been permitted to return to their homeland, many now also live in Turkey.

What are Turkish people like?


They are very good looking, fair and tall. They feel proud to be turkish, they don't like if they are called as Europeon people. Minority of people are able to speak and understand English language. Turkish people are very caring and loving.

What religion did the Ottomans follow?

Islam was the official religion of the Ottoman Empire. The highest position in Islam, caliphate, was claimed by the sultan, after the defeat of the Mamluks which was established as Ottoman Caliphate. The Sultan was to be a devout Muslim and was given the literal authority of the Caliph.

Are the Mongols Turkic?

According to Orkhon Monuments/Inscriptions and Chinese Resources; Ashina Clan, the ruler clan of Turkic Khaganate(7th century) describe themselves as Turk, who are skilled blacksmits from Siberia. They lived in inner mongolia with Mongol and Turkic tribes. That is pretty clear evidence to say Mongols are not Turkic.

What nationality are the Ottomans?

The empire was dominated by the Turks but also included Arabs, Kurds, Greeks, Armenians and other ethnic minorities. Officially the Ottoman Empire was an Islamic Caliphate ruled by a Sultan, Mehmed V, although it also contained Christians, Jews and other religious minorities.

What language did the Ottoman Turks speak?

Throughout the vast Ottoman bureaucracy Ottoman Turkish language was the official language, a version of Turkish, albeit with a vast mixture of both Arabic and Persian grammar and vocabulary.

Is Ottoman a language?

Ottoman Turkish language
Ottoman Turkish
Era c. 15th century - developed into Modern Turkish in 1928
Language family Turkic Common Turkic Oghuz Ottoman Turkish
Early form Old Anatolian Turkish
Writing system Ottoman Turkish alphabet

Why did the Ottoman Empire fall?

As a result, the prosperity of the Middle Eastern provinces declined. The Ottoman economy was disrupted by inflation, caused by the influx of precious metals into Europe from the Americas and by an increasing imbalance of trade between East and West.

Is Ottoman Turkish still spoken?

No. Modern Turks wouldn't be able to understand Ottoman Turkish, but probably modern day Persian people could do. Ottoman Turkish was an invented language by the Ottoman elite and borrowed words from Arabic and Persian and forced the Arabic scripting to write their language.

What language is Turkish close to?

Turkish is an Altaic language and its closest living relatives are other Turkic languages, which are spoken in southwestern, central and northern Asia; and to a lesser degree in southeastern Europe (the Balkans).

Why did Turkey change its alphabet?


The First President of Turkey switched the alphabet from the Arabic script to the Latin script as an official political act for three main reasons: Ataturk wanted to align Turkey with Western civilizations and since most Western countries use the Latin Script, that was the choice.

How did the state of the Ottoman Turks?

The Ottoman Empire was founded by Osman I. As sultan Mehmed II conquered Constantinople (today named Istanbul) in 1453, the state grew into a mighty empire, expanding deeply into Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East. The empire came to an end in the aftermath of its defeat by the Allies in World War I.

How old is Turkic?

Old Turkic (also East Old Turkic, Orkhon Turkic, Old Uyghur) is the earliest attested form of Turkic, found in Göktürk and Uyghur inscriptions dating from about the 7th century AD to the 13th century. It is the oldest attested member of the Orkhon branch of Turkic, which is extant in the modern Western Yugur language.