What is the difference between Meridian and parallel?

Asked By: Nareme Muhlschlegel | Last Updated: 24th January, 2020
Category: science geography
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Parallels run from east to west and never intersect with each other whereas meridians run from north to south and intersect at the north and south poles. This is the key difference between parallels and meridians.

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In this regard, what is parallel and meridian?

Parallels are another name for lines of latitude. Meridians are another name for lines of longitude. Parallels don't intersect. All meridians intersect at two places, the North Pole and the South Pole. The first parallel is the equator.

Also, what are parallel of latitude and meridian of longitude? Circles parallel to the Equator (lines running east and west) are parallels of latitude. They are used to measure degrees of latitude north or south of the Equator. Meridians of longitude are drawn from the North Pole to the South Pole and are at right angles to the Equator.

Simply so, what is the difference between latitude and parallel?

As nouns the difference between latitude and parallel is that latitude is (geography|astronomy) the angular distance north or south from a planet's equator, measured along the meridian of that particular point while parallel is one of a set of parallel lines.

Why are meridians not parallel?

Lines connecting equal points of longitude are called meridians. But unlike parallels, meridians do not run parallel to each other. Rather they are farthest apart from each other at the equator and merge toward each other toward the poles.

37 Related Question Answers Found

What is another word for Meridian?

Words related to meridian
culmination, pinnacle, zenith, acme, extremity, apex, peak, crest, apogee.

What are the two meridians?

A great circle divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. That circle is referenced by two Meridians. The Prime Meridian is the line of longitude at which longitude is defined to be 0°.

How long is the Prime Meridian?

How long is the Prime Meridian? From Pole to Pole, the Prime Meridian covers a distance of 20,000 km.

What is the standard meridian?

standard meridian. [′stan·d?rd m?′rid·ē·?n] (geodesy) The meridian used for reckoning standard time; throughout most of the world the standard meridians are those whose longitudes are exactly divisible by 15°.

What is Prime Meridian why is it important?


This Line runs in Greenwich,London,England. I hope you understood the meaning of Prime Meridian. Importance of Prime Meridian is just that it divided the Earth into two Hemispheres (Eastern and Western). Another reason can be that its the starting point of starting the degrees as it is 0.

Where is the prime meridian located?

The Prime Meridian, as it passes through Greenwich, England, is considered 0 degrees longitude. Because both the equator and the Prime Meridian are imaginary lines, they were both established by mankind at some point in human history.

What is an example of a meridian?

A meridian is defined as a large imaginary circle that passes through two poles, particularly on a globe, or the highest stage of development. An example of a meridian is the Prime Meridian. An example of a meridian is the height of a civilization.

What is the most important parallel of latitude?

The five major parallels of latitudes from north to south are called: Arctic Circle, Tropic of Cancer, Equator, Tropic of Capricorn, and the Antarctic Circle. On a maps where the orientation of the map is either due north or due south, latitude appears as horizontal lines.

What comes first longitude or latitude?

Latitude is written before longitude. Latitude is written with a number, followed by either “north” or “south” depending on whether it is located north or south of the equator. Longitude is written with a number, followed by either “east” or “west” depending on whether it is located east or west of the Prime Meridian.

Which is longer longitude or latitude?


The number of latitude degrees will be larger the further away from the equator the place is located, all the way up to 90 degrees latitude at the poles. Latitude locations are given as __ degrees North or __ degrees South. Vertical mapping lines on Earth are lines of longitude, known as "meridians".

What is an example of latitude?

Examples of important latitude lines/parallels include: Equator: 0 degrees of latitude. Arctic Circle: is 66.5 degrees north. Antarctic Circle: 66.5 degrees south. Tropic of Cancer: 23.4 degrees north.

Why is it called Greenwich Meridian?

Greenwich Meridian (Prime Meridian) The 0° line of longitude starts at the Prime Meridian. It's also called the Greenwich Meridian because it runs through Greenwich, England. Then, we can measure 180° to the west or 180° to the east.

Is Latitude up or down?

Introduce the concepts of latitude and longitude.
Tell students that the lines running across the page are lines of latitude, and the lines running up and down the page are lines of longitude. Latitude runs 0–90° north and south. Longitude runs 0–180° east and west.

What is Earth's latitude?


In geography, latitude is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north–south position of a point on the Earth's surface. Latitude is an angle (defined below) which ranges from 0° at the Equator to 90° (North or South) at the poles.

What is a minute of latitude?

One minute of latitude equals one nautical mile and degrees of latitude are 60 nm apart. The distance between degrees of longitude isn't constant because they converge towards the poles.

Are latitude lines parallel?

Lines of latitude measure north-south position between the poles. The equator is defined as 0 degrees, the North Pole is 90 degrees north, and the South Pole is 90 degrees south. Lines of latitude are all parallel to each other, thus they are often referred to as parallels.