What is the difference between dictionary and list in python?

Asked By: Moloud Javier | Last Updated: 8th April, 2020
Category: technology and computing databases
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A list is an ordered sequence of objects, whereas dictionaries are unordered sets. But the main difference is that items in dictionaries are accessed via keys and not via their position. Any key of the dictionary is associated (or mapped) to a value. The values of a dictionary can be any Python data type.

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Moreover, what is a Python dictionary?

Python Dictionary. Dictionary in Python is an unordered collection of data values, used to store data values like a map, which unlike other Data Types that hold only single value as an element, Dictionary holds key:value pair. Note – Keys in a dictionary doesn't allows Polymorphism.

Beside above, can you have a list of dictionaries in Python? Note that the restriction with keys in Python dictionary is only immutable data types can be used as keys, which means we cannot use a dictionary of list as a key . But the same can be done very wisely with values in dictionary. Let's see all the different ways we can create a dictionary of Lists.

Subsequently, one may also ask, what is the difference between list tuples and dictionary in Python?

A tuple or list stores simple elements of whatever data type is required. Tuples are immutable but elements in lists can be modified. As for dictionaries, stated simply a dictionary is a key-value data structure that can be used as an index, i.e. each element has a key and a value.

How does a dictionary work in Python?

Dictionaries work by computing a hash code for each key stored in the dictionary using the hash() built-in function. The hash code varies widely depending on the key; for example, “Python” hashes to -539294296 while “python”, a string that differs by a single bit, hashes to 1142331976.

38 Related Question Answers Found

What tuple means?

tuple - Computer Definition
(1) In a relational database, a tuple is one record (one row). See record and relational database. (2) A set of values passed from one programming language to another application program or to a system program such as the operating system.

What does KEYS () do in Python?

keys() method in Python Dictionary, returns a view object that displays a list of all the keys in the dictionary. Parameters: There are no parameters. Returns: A view object is returned that displays all the keys. This view object changes according to the changes in the dictionary.

What is a meaning of dictionary?

A dictionary is a listing of words in one or more specific languages, often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions, usage, etymologies, pronunciations, translation, etc. or a book of words in one language with their equivalents in

What is string in Python?

Strings are Arrays
Like many other popular programming languages, strings in Python are arrays of bytes representing unicode characters. However, Python does not have a character data type, a single character is simply a string with a length of 1. Square brackets can be used to access elements of the string.

What are tuples in Python?


A tuple is a sequence of immutable Python objects. Tuples are sequences, just like lists. The differences between tuples and lists are, the tuples cannot be changed unlike lists and tuples use parentheses, whereas lists use square brackets. Creating a tuple is as simple as putting different comma-separated values.

What is the self keyword in Python?

The self is used to represent the instance of the class. With this keyword, you can access the attributes and methods of the class in python. It binds the attributes with the given arguments. In Python, we have methods that make the instance to be passed automatically, but not received automatically.

What is set in Python?

Sets in Python. A Set is an unordered collection data type that is iterable, mutable and has no duplicate elements. Python's set class represents the mathematical notion of a set. This is based on a data structure known as a hash table.

Why are tuples immutable?

Python tuples have a surprising trait: they are immutable, but their values may change. This may happen when a tuple holds a reference to any mutable object, such as a list. It's clear that dum and dee refer to objects that are equal, but not to the same object. They have distinct identities.

Why tuple is faster than list in Python?

Tuples are stored in a single block of memory. Tuples are immutalbe so, It doesn't require extraspace to store new objects. It is the reason creating a tuple is faster than List. It also explains the slight difference in indexing speed is faster than lists, because in tuples for indexing it follows fewer pointers.

Can tuples have duplicates?


Tuples A Tuple represents a collection of objects that are ordered and immutable (cannot be modified). Tuples allow duplicate members and are indexed. Lists Lists hold a collection of objects that are ordered and mutable (changeable), they are indexed and allow duplicate members.

Is a tuple a list?

A tuple1 is a sequence of values much like a list. The values stored in a tuple can be any type, and they are indexed by integers. The important difference is that tuples are immutable. Tuples are also comparable and hashable so we can sort lists of them and use tuples as key values in Python dictionaries.

Are sets ordered Python?

An ordered set is functionally a special case of an ordered dictionary. The keys of a dictionary are unique. Thus, if one disregards the values in an ordered dictionary (e.g. by assigning them None ), then one has essentially an ordered set. As of Python 3.1 there is collections.

Which is faster list or dictionary python?

Dictionaries. Membership testing is faster in dict than in list. Python dictionaries use hash tables, this means that a lookup operation (e.g., if x in y) is O(1). A lookup operation in a list means that the entire list needs to be iterated, resulting in O(n) for a list of length n.

Are tuples ordered?

A tuple is a data structure that is an immutable, or unchangeable, ordered sequence of elements. Because tuples are immutable, their values cannot be modified. Tuples have values between parentheses ( ) separated by commas , .

Why string is immutable in Python?


Other objects like integers, floats, strings and tuples are objects that can not be changed. Strings are immutable in Python, which means you cannot change an existing string. The best you can do is create a new string that is a variation on the original.

What is slicing in Python?

Python slice()
The slice() function returns a slice object that can use used to slice strings, lists, tuple etc. The slice object is used to slice a given sequence (string, bytes, tuple, list or range) or any object which supports sequence protocol (implements __getitem__() and __len__() method).

Can you append a dictionary to a list Python?

Append multiple key value pair in dictionary. As update() accepts an iterable sequence of key value pairs, so we can pass a dictionary or list of tuples of new key value pairs to update(). It will all add the given key value pairs in the dictionary, if any key already exists then it will update its value.