What is the difference between a gross lease and a modified gross lease?

Asked By: Slyvia Huete | Last Updated: 25th June, 2020
Category: real estate real estate renting and leasing
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A modified gross lease is similar to a typical residential gross lease in which the landlord pays all operating costs. Under the terms of a gross modified lease, a commercial tenant pays some, but not all, of the operating costs.

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Likewise, what does modified gross lease type mean?

Modified gross leases are rental agreements where the tenant pays base rent at the lease's inception as well as a proportional share other costs like utilities. Other costs related to the property, such as maintenance and upkeep, are generally the responsibility of the landlord.

Furthermore, what is a full service gross lease? Full Service Gross Lease. A commercial lease where the tenant pays a base rent and the landlord pays for all operating expenses related to the tenant's occupancy of the space such as common area maintenance, utilities, property insurance, and property taxes.

Furthermore, how is modified gross lease calculated?

How to Calculate lease rates – NNN – Modified Gross – Full Service Gross. This means that if you are renting a space that is 1,000 SF then your rent per month will be: $687.50/mo plus utilities. This means that if you are renting a space that is 1,000 SF then your rent per month will be: $833.33/mo plus utilities.

What is a modified net lease?

The modified net lease is a compromise between the gross lease and the triple net. The landlord and tenant usually set up a split of maintenance expenses, while the tenant agrees to pay taxes and insurance. Utilities would likely also be negotiated in the modified net lease.

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What is included in a gross lease?

In a gross lease, the rent is all-inclusive. The landlord pays all or most expenses associated with the property, including taxes, insurance, and maintenance out of the rents received from tenants. Utilities and janitorial services are included within one easy, tenant-friendly rent payment.

What's included in a triple net lease?

A triple net lease (triple-Net or NNN) is a lease agreement on a property where the tenant or lessee agrees to pay all real estate taxes, building insurance, and maintenance (the three "nets") on the property in addition to any normal fees that are expected under the agreement (rent, utilities, etc.).

What is the difference between triple net and gross lease?

A triple net lease is a lease in which the lessee pays rent to the lessor, as well as all taxes, insurance, and maintenance expenses that arise from the use of the property. A landlord involved with a gross lease has likely factored in the various expenses when agreeing to accept a fixed monthly payment.

What does NNN include?

NNN stands for net, net, net. These pass through expenses of leasing are portions tenants or lessees pay in addition to the lease fee, or rent to the landlord or lessor. The NNN fees are property taxes, property insurance and common area maintenance. That means the rent is $15 per foot per year plus the NNN.

Can a triple net lease have a base year?


Base year leases are common in office leases, and base year leases generally incentivize the parties in a way that is similar to the NNN structure. But in the base year structure, unlike the NNN structure, the landlord (as opposed to the tenant) is rewarded directly if operating expenses decrease.

What is the most common type of residential lease?

The most common form of real property lease is a residential rental agreement between landlord and tenant. As the relationship between the tenant and the landlord is called a tenancy, this term generally is also used for informal and shorter leases.

What are the different types of leases?

There are different types of leases, but the most common types are absolute net lease, triple net lease, modified gross lease, and full-service lease.

What is an absolute net lease?

An absolute net lease, sometimes known as an absolute NNN lease, is one of the strictest forms of commercial leases. In an absolute net lease, a tenant is generally responsible for insurance, taxes, maintenance and minor repairs, as well as larger structural repairs, such as roof replacement.

What is $25 NNN?

What Does NNN Mean? NNN stands for Triple Net rent. In this type of commercial real estate rent, you pay the amount listed and you also have pay additional costs (usually Operating Expenses) on top of that.

What is the average NNN rate?


The estimated operating expenses (aka NNN) are $10 per square foot per year. The total yearly rent you would pay equals $40 sf per year. So if you are leasing 3,000 sf then your yearly rent would be $120,000 or $10,000 per month.

How is NNN calculated?

To determine the triple net lease amount for each renter, add those monthly expenses and the monthly rental per square foot charges and multiply it by the number of square feet a renter is leasing. That is the monthly triple net lease amount.

What is a double net lease?

A double net lease is a lease agreement in which the tenant is responsible for both property taxes and premiums for insuring the building. Unlike a single net lease, which only requires the tenant to pay property taxes, a double net lease passes more expenses along in the form of insurance payments.

What is percentage lease?

A percentage lease is a type of lease where the tenant pays a base rent plus a percentage of any revenue earned while doing business on the rental premises. It is a term used in commercial real estate.

What is a base year lease?

The term "base year" refers to the payment of property expenses under a lease. It portrays a situation where the landlord takes on most of those expenses without tenant reimbursement. A base year lease is sort of the middle ground between those two lease types.

What is included in operating expenses for rental property?


Common commercial real estate operating expenses include real estate and personal property taxes, property insurance, management fees (on or off-site), repairs and maintenance, utilities, and other miscellaneous expenses (accounting, legal, etc.).

What is a net lease investment?

Net Leased Investments are a type of commercial real estate investment common throughout the United States. Different forms of Net Leases define the obligations of lessor (owner, landlord) and lessee (tenant). The owner is accountable for all other operating expenditures of the property.

How are leases calculated?

Identify the number of the monthly payments on the lease.
Then subtract the residual value from the net capitalized cost. Divide the resulting number by the number of payments. The result is the depreciation portion of the lease payment. For example, you lease a new car for three years.