What is moral development according to Lawrence Kohlberg?

Asked By: Jodee Pascoe | Last Updated: 23rd January, 2020
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Kohlberg defined three levels of moral development: preconventional, conventional, and postconventional. During the postconventional level, a person's sense of morality is defined in terms of more abstract principles and values. People now believe that some laws are unjust and should be changed or eliminated.

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Just so, what is cognitive moral development?

Individual judgment is based on self-chosen principles, and moral reasoning is based on individual rights and justice. According to Kohlberg this level of moral reasoning is as far as most people get. Only 10-15% are capable of the kind of abstract thinking necessary for stage 5 or 6 (post-conventional morality).

One may also ask, what is the correct order of the stages according to Kohlberg's theory of moral development? According to Kohlberg's theory of moral development, the first stage is the punishment and obedience orientation. The second stage is the instrumental relativist orientation. Good boy-nice girl orientation is the third stage.

Additionally, which is the highest level of moral development according to Kohlberg?

Stage 6: Universal ethical principle orientation According to Kohlberg, this is the highest stage of functioning. However, he claimed that some individuals will never reach this level. At this stage, the appropriate action is determined by one's self-chosen ethical principles of conscience.

Why is moral development important?

Moral development is important to learn at a young age because it will help guide you to choose better choices when you become older.As a young child we learn morality from those closes to us and are parents have a big role in helping us built a strong moral value.

32 Related Question Answers Found

What is the meaning of moral development?

Moral development is the process throught which children develop proper attitudes and behaviors toward other people in society, based on social and cultural norms, rules, and laws.

What is Piaget's theory of moral development?

Piaget's Theory of Moral Development
Basically, children accept that authority figures have godlike powers, and are able to make rules that last forever, do not change, and must be followed.

What is Piaget's first stage of moral development?

According to Piaget's theory, there are three broad stages of moral development. In the first, the child is still mastering motor and social skills and unconcerned with morality. In the second, the child exhibits unconditional respect for rules and submission to authority.

How does moral development relate to cognitive development?

Moral development focuses on the emergence, change, and understanding of morality from infancy through adulthood. Morality develops across a lifetime and is influenced by an individual's experiences and their behavior when faced with moral issues through different periods' physical and cognitive development.

What are the types of moral dilemmas?


There are several types of moral dilemmas, but the most common of them are categorized into the following: 1) epistemic and ontological dilemmas, 2) self-imposed and world-imposed dilemmas, 3) obligation dilemmas and prohibition dilemmas, and 4) single agent and multi-person dilemmas.

What are the six moral theories?

Six principal ethical philosophies can and should be used to analyze a situation. They are the categorical imperative, utilitarianism, hedonism, the golden mean, the golden rule, and the veil of ignorance. These are the principle theories that have survived from 2500 years of Western moral philosophy.

What determines a person's stage of moral development?

Kohlberg defined three levels of moral development: preconventional, conventional, and postconventional. During the postconventional level, a person's sense of morality is defined in terms of more abstract principles and values. People now believe that some laws are unjust and should be changed or eliminated.

What is the preoperational stage?

The preoperational stage is the second stage in Piaget's theory of cognitive development. This stage begins around age 2, as children start to talk, and lasts until approximately age 7. 1? During this stage, children begin to engage in symbolic play and learn to manipulate symbols.

What is Postconventional moral reasoning?

childhood emotional and social development
In human behaviour: A moral sense. …the third level, that of postconventional moral reasoning, the adult bases his moral standards on principles that he himself has evaluated and that he accepts as inherently valid, regardless of society's opinion.

What does moral reasoning mean?


Moral reasoning is a thinking process with the objective of determining whether an idea is right or wrong. To know whether something is "right" or "wrong" one must first know what that something is intended to accomplish.

What is the Postconventional stage?

Postconventional level is the third and final level of Kohlberg's moral development taxonomy where individuals enter the highest level of morale development. People who have reached this stage of development are concerned with the innate rights of humans and guided by their own ethical principles.

What is Preconventional?

As the first stage in moral development, preconventional morality concerns a child-like approach to right and wrong. There are two phases of preconventional morality. The first phase is obedience and punishment. In phase one, individual consequences form the basis for the morality of a decision.

What are the 4 stages of Piaget's cognitive development?

In his theory of Cognitive development, Jean Piaget proposed that humans progress through four developmental stages: the sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational period.

At what stage of moral development is moral thought guided by principles?

3rd level of Kohlberg's stages of moral development in which the prsn.'s behavior is governed by moral principles that have been decided on by the individual and which may be in disagreement with accepted social norms.

What is the morality?


Morality is the belief that some behaviour is right and acceptable and that other behaviour is wrong. A morality is a system of principles and values concerning people's behaviour, which is generally accepted by a society or by a particular group of people. a morality that is sexist.

What is obedience and punishment orientation?

PUNISHMENT AND OBEDIENCE ORIENTATION. PUNISHMENT AND OBEDIENCE ORIENTATION: "When a child does an action, not because of their conscious decision about it, but simply to avoid punishment for not doing it, that is an example of punishment and obedience orientation."

What are the universal ethical principles?

Based on the convergence of the three sources of standards, six universal moral values for corporate codes of ethics are proposed including: (1) trustworthiness; (2) respect; (3) responsibility; (4) fairness; (5) caring; and (6) citizenship.