What is food sovereignty and food security?

Asked By: Charlette Zhiryakov | Last Updated: 2nd May, 2020
Category: business and finance environmental services industry
4.6/5 (511 Views . 36 Votes)
Food sovereignty is different from food security in both approach and politics. Food sovereignty emphasizes ecologically appropriate production, distribution and consumption, social-economic justice and local food systems as ways to tackle hunger and poverty and guarantee sustainable food security for all peoples.

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In this regard, what is meant by food sovereignty?

Food sovereignty is the right of peoples to healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods, and their right to define their own food and agriculture systems.

Also, why is food sovereignty important? Food sovereignty is the right to choose what food to eat, where it comes from and how it is grown. The United States Department of Agriculture ( USDA ) defines food security as the ability of all people to access enough food for a healthy, active lifestyle at all times. This is an important goal.

Moreover, how does food sovereignty compare to food security?

The fundamental difference between Food Security and Food Sovereignty is that Food Security seeks to address the issue of food and hunger through the current dominant food regime, whereas Food Sovereignty challenges this paradigm and seeks to build alternatives, and attempts to address the root causes through a bottom-

How do we get food sovereignty?

In order to be able to make their food sovereignty work, countries in the North and in the South have to be able to support their agriculture to guarantee the right to food of their populations, to preserve their environment, to develop sustainable agriculture and to protect themselves against dumping.

14 Related Question Answers Found

Who coined the term food sovereignty?

"Food sovereignty", a term coined by members of Via Campesina in 1996, asserts that the people who produce, distribute, and consume food should control the mechanisms and policies of food production and distribution, rather than the corporations and market institutions they believe have come to dominate the global food

What do you mean by food insecurity?

17 – Food insecurity has largely replaced hunger as the primary focus of organizing, action, and policy surrounding food access. Here's our definition: food insecurity refers to a lack of access to enough good, healthy, and culturally appropriate food.

What is self sufficiency in food production?

Food security is defined as “the access for all people at all times to enough food for a health, active life” (FAO, 1996). In contrast, food self-sufficiency is defined as being able to meet consumption needs (particularly for staple food crops) from own production rather than by buying or importing.

What is food equity?

Food inequity refers to communities with limitations in resources and income, are often not informed about the knowledge and variety of healthy foods in their area. Food equity occurs because certain communities do not have access to high quality foods. Food inequity is a global issue.

What is seed sovereignty?


The Lexicon of Food defines seed sovereignty as “the farmer's right to breed and exchange diverse open source seeds which can be saved and which are not patented, genetically modified, owned or controlled by emerging seed giants”. Reclaiming biodiversity is thus a critical goal of the seed sovereignty movement.

What is a food apartheid?

Food apartheid is a relentless social construct that devalues human beings and assumes that people are unworthy of having access to nutritious food. Food apartheid affects people of all races, including poor white people, although Black and brown people are affected disproportionately.

What is indigenous food sovereignty?

Indigenous food sovereignty is a specific policy approach to addressing the underlying issues impacting Indigenous peoples and our ability to respond to our own needs for healthy, culturally adapted Indigenous foods. The ability to make decisions over the amount and quality of food we hunt, fish, gather, grow and eat.

How is climate change affecting food production?

Global warming could lead to an increase in pest insect populations, harming yields of staple crops like wheat, soybeans, and corn. While warmer temperatures create longer growing seasons, and faster growth rates for plants, it also increases the metabolic rate and number of breeding cycles of insect populations.

What does food justice mean?

Food Justice is communities exercising their right to grow, sell, and eat healthy food. Healthy food is fresh, nutritious, affordable, culturally-appropriate, and grown locally with care for the well-being of the land, workers, and animals.

What is agroecology farming?


Agroecology shares much in common with other approaches to sustainable farming. Agroecology is farming that “centers on food production that makes the best use of nature's goods and services while not damaging these resources.”