What is an indirect measure and why are such measures common in software metrics work?

Asked By: Gurutze Klerken | Last Updated: 28th March, 2020
Category: technology and computing information and network security
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For example, "quality" cannot be measured directly, but only by measuring other software characteristics. Many metrics in software work are indirect because software is not a tangible entity where direct dimensional or physical measures (e.g., length or weight) can be applied.

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Also, what is an indirect measure?

Indirect measurement is a method of using proportions to find an unknown length or distance in similar figures. Two common ways to achieve indirect measurement involve (1) using a mirror on the ground and (2) using shadow lengths and find an object's height.

Similarly, what are the measures of software quality? Many measures have been proposed for assessing software quality such as interoperability, functionality, and so on. However, it has been observed that reliability, correctness, maintainability, integrity, and usability are most useful as they provide valuable indicators to the project team.

Considering this, what is measurement dysfunction?

Measurement dysfunction arises when the measurement process or the ways in which managers use the data lead to counterproductive behaviors by the people providing the data. People behave in the ways for which they are rewarded; they usually avoid behaviors that could have unpleasant consequences.

What are software metrics and measurements?

A Metric is a quantitative measure of the degree to which a system, system component, or process possesses a given attribute. Metrics can be defined as “STANDARDS OF MEASUREMENT”. Software Metrics are used to measure the quality of the project.

27 Related Question Answers Found

What is the difference between direct and indirect measurements?

'Direct measurement' refers to measuring exactly the thing that you are looking to measure, while 'indirect measurement' means that you're measuring something by measuring something else. For example of direct measurement is weight, distance, and so on.

What are methods of measurement?

There are two methods for performing dimensional measurements: direct measurement and indirect measurement. With direct measurements, measuring instruments such as Vernier calipers, micrometers, and coordinate measuring machines are used to measure the dimensions of the target directly.

What is an indirect assessment?

Indirect assessment is gathering information through means other than looking at actual samples of student work. These include surveys, exit interviews, and focus groups (see below). Indirect measures can give us information quickly, but may not provide real evidence of student learning.

Why is Measurement in Education indirect?

Indirect measures provide a less concrete view of student learning; for example, attitudes, perceptions, feelings, values, etc. Indirect measures imply student learning by employing self-reported data and reports. Indirect measures help to substantiate instances of student learning.

What are direct assessment methods?


There are basically two types of assessment methods. A direct method which is based on a sample of actual student work, including reports, exams, demonstrations, performances, and completed works, requires students to produce work so that reviewers can assess how well students meet expectations.

What is direct method of measurement?

In the direct method of measurement, the quantity to be measured is compared directly with a standard (an agreed unit of measurement), i.e. the value is determined directly on the part being measured. Hence, the direct measurement procedure is a direct comparison and is, therefore, also called comparison method.

What is indirect distance?

In simple terms, a road distance (indirect distance) is the actual distance that the car (or any object) has to travel through the road to reach the destination from the starting location. Both will be same if an arrow straight road connects the starting point to the destination point.

Which is the best definition of complete testing?

Which is the best definition of complete testing: A. You have discovered every bug in the program. B. You have tested every statement, branch, and combination of branches in the program.

How do you manage software quality?

Software quality management is split into three main activities: Quality assurance. The development of a framework of organizational procedures and standards that lead to high quality software.

12.1. Process and product quality
  1. Defining process standards.
  2. Monitoring the development process.
  3. Reporting the software.

How do you measure quality?


Here are 9 practical techniques and metrics for measuring your service quality.
  1. SERVQUAL. This is the most common method for measuring the subjective elements of service quality.
  2. Mystery Shopping.
  3. Post Service Rating.
  4. Follow-Up Survey.
  5. In-App Survey.
  6. Customer Effort Score (CES)
  7. Social Media Monitoring.
  8. Documentation Analysis.

How do you measure software performance?

Key Application Performance Metrics
  1. User Satisfaction / Apdex Scores. The application performance index, or Apdex score, has become an industry standard for tracking the relative performance of an application.
  2. Average Response Time.
  3. Error Rates.
  4. Count of Application Instances.
  5. Request Rate.
  6. Application & Server CPU.
  7. Application Availability.
  8. Garbage Collection.

What do you mean by software quality?

Definition by ISTQB
quality: The degree to which a component, system or process meets specified requirements and/or user/customer needs and expectations. software quality: The totality of functionality and features of a software product that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs.

What is software quality model?

A software quality model is a defined set of characteristics, and of relationships between them, which provides a framework for specifying quality requirements and evaluating quality (ISO/IEC 25000:2005) (ISO/IEC, 2011).

How can I improve software?

11 Ways To Improve Software Quality
  1. Test early and Test often with Automation.
  2. Implement quality controls from the beginning.
  3. Echo the importance of quality assurance through the entire software development process.
  4. Encourage innovations.
  5. Communication is key.
  6. Plan for a changeable environment.
  7. Take the attitude of creating products not projects.

What are the types of software metrics?


It can be classified into three categories: product metrics, process metrics, and project metrics. Product metrics describe the characteristics of the product such as size, complexity, design features, performance, and quality level. Process metrics can be used to improve software development and maintenance.

What do you mean by software metrics?

A software metric is a standard of measure of a degree to which a software system or process possesses some property. Even if a metric is not a measurement (metrics are functions, while measurements are the numbers obtained by the application of metrics), often the two terms are used as synonyms.

What is the need of software measurement?

Need of Software Measurement:
Create the quality of the current product or process. Anticipate future qualities of the product or process. Enhance the quality of a product or process. Regulate the state of the project in relation to budget and schedule.