What are the wound classifications?

Asked By: Nedas Kannheiser | Last Updated: 6th May, 2020
Category: medical health first aid
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Surgical wounds can be placed into four different classifications: Class I, Class II, Class III, and Class IV. Learn about each of these different classifications and become familiar with examples of each type of surgical wound.

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Also know, what are the 6 types of wounds?

Types of Skin Injury

  • Cuts, lacerations, gashes and tears. These are wounds that go through the skin to the fat tissue.
  • Scrapes, abrasions, scratches and floor burns. These are surface wounds that don't go all the way through the skin.
  • Bruises. These are bleeding into the skin from damaged blood vessels.

Also Know, what wound classification is a thyroidectomy? TABLE 12.7. Surgical Site Infection Wound Classification and Approximate Rates of Infection.

Class Definition Examples
I:Clean Atraumatic wound Herniorraphy
No inflammation Excision of skin lesion
No break in aseptic technique Thyroidectomy
No entry of biliary, respiratory, GI, or GU tracts

Keeping this in view, what are the 4 types of wounds?

There are four types of open wounds, which are classified depending on their cause.

  • Abrasion. An abrasion occurs when your skin rubs or scrapes against a rough or hard surface.
  • Laceration. A laceration is a deep cut or tearing of your skin.
  • Puncture.
  • Avulsion.

What are the types of wound healing?

Primary healing, delayed primary healing, and healing by secondary intention are the 3 main categories of wound healing. Even though different categories exist, the interactions of cellular and extracellular constituents are similar.

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What do you call a deep wound?

Cuts and puncture wounds. It is also called a laceration. A cut may be deep, smooth, or jagged. It may be near the surface of the skin, or deeper. A deep cut can affect tendons, muscles, ligaments, nerves, blood vessels, or bone.

How long does it take for a deep wound to heal?

How long does healing take? Healing depends on your general health and the type of surgery you had. Large or deep surgery incisions can take 6 to 8 weeks to heal. People with medical problems or prescribed certain medications may take longer.

When should you stop covering a wound?

Keeping a wound covered until it heals can prevent skin cells from drying out and forming a scab, thereby minimizing the appearance of scarring.

How can wounds heal faster?

Fresh fruits and vegetables eaten daily will also supply your body with other nutrients essential to wound healing such as vitamin A, copper and zinc. It may help to supplement your diet with extra vitamin C. Keep your wound dressed. Wounds heal faster if they are kept warm.

What is the fastest way to heal an open wound?


How to Heal Open Wounds Faster
  1. Keep the wound moist – Scientific research has shown that a moist healing environment is beneficial for wound healing.
  2. Wounds Heal Faster with Vaseline – Vaseline (petroleum jelly) not only keeps wounds clean and moist but also provides an occlusive layer, thus keeps the wound covered.

What is the best ointment for open wounds?

A first aid antibiotic ointment (Bacitracin, Neosporin, Polysporin) can be applied to help prevent infection and keep the wound moist. Continued care to the wound is also important. Three times a day, wash the area gently with soap and water, apply an antibiotic ointment, and re-cover with a bandage.

What is the difference between laceration and incision?

A laceration is defined as a tear in tissue caused by a shearing or crushing force. Therefore, a laceration is the result of a blunt-trauma mechanism. A cut or incised wound is produced by a sharp edge and is usually longer than it is deep (see Figure 3).

How do you know a wound is healing?

As your wound heals, look out for these signs, and check with your doctor if you have:
  1. Redness and swelling.
  2. A lot of pain near the wound.
  3. Thick, grayish fluid draining from it.
  4. A fever higher than 100.4 F.
  5. Red streaks near the cut.

What is Stage 3 wound?

Stage 3 involves the full thickness of the skin and may extend into the subcutaneous tissue layer; granulation tissue and epibole (rolled wound edges) are often present. At this stage, there may be undermining and/or tunneling that makes the wound much larger than it may seem on the surface.

What are the causes of wound?


Wounds can be caused by something sudden, such as a cut, a burn, a fall or a bad knock. People often have a wound after surgery. Wounds can be caused by infections, such as infections after surgery and infections in insect bites. Wounds can be caused by being immobile, such as bed sores or pressure injuries.

What is a clean wound?

Clean — an incision in which no inflammation is encountered in a surgical procedure, without a break in sterile technique, and during which the respiratory, alimentary and genitourinary tracts are not entered.

What are the two major classifications of wounds?

Types of wound
  • Incised wound - A clean, straight cut caused by a sharp edge (i.e. a knife).
  • Laceration - A messy looking wound caused by a tearing or crushing force.
  • Abrasion - A wound caused by a scraping force or friction.
  • Puncture - A deep wound caused by a sharp, stabbing object (i.e. a nail).

What is the mean of wound?

A wound is a serious injury, especially a deep cut through the skin. But things like pride and feelings can also get wounded. Wounds are serious: we're talking a lot worse than just a scrape or booboo. Just about all the meanings of this word have to do with being hurt.

What type of wound is a blister?

The fluid contained in a blister consists of serum from the blood and is usually sterile. Sometimes a blister can be filled with blood (blood blister) or pus if it has become infected. A blister usually forms due to damage to the outer layer of the skin.

What is a open wound called?


A wound is a type of injury which happens relatively quickly in which skin is torn, cut, or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound). In pathology, it specifically refers to a sharp injury which damages the Epidermis of the skin.

How do you clean a wound?

Just follow these steps:
  1. Rinse the wound in clear water to loosen and remove dirt and debris.
  2. Use a soft washcloth and mild soap to clean around the wound. Don't place soap in the wound.
  3. Use tweezers to remove any dirt or debris that still appears after washing. Clean the tweezers first with isopropyl alcohol.

What wound class is a hemorrhoidectomy?

Class III/Contaminated
Open traumatic wounds that are more than 12–24 hours old also fall into this category. Example: hemorrhoidectomy.