What are the three types of infinitives in Spanish?

Asked By: Beau Katsis | Last Updated: 8th January, 2020
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An infinitive is the simplest form of a verb; in English, this corresponds to "to + verb." There are 3 types of infinitives in Spanish: those that end in -AR, those that end in -ER, and those that end in -IR.

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Also question is, what are infinitives in Spanish?

Infinitivo. The infinitive is the basic, unconjugated form of a verb, sometimes called the name of the verb. In English the infinitive is to + verb: to talk, to eat, to leave, etc. The Spanish infinitive is a single word with one of the following endings: -ar, -er, or -ir: hablar, comer, salir, etc.

One may also ask, how many infinitive types are there in Spanish? Spanish verbs in the infinitive form have one of these three endings: ar, er, ir. The infinitive form means the verb is not conjugated.

Moreover, what is an infinitive in Spanish examples?

The Spanish word for "infinitive" is infinitivo. Other examples of infinitives in Spanish are hablar, viajar, comprender, and resistir. The corresponding English infinitives are "to speak," "to travel," "to understand," and "to resist."

What is an infinitive phrase?

An infinitive phrase is the infinitive form of a verb plus any complements and modifiers. The complement of an infinitive verb will often be its direct object, and the modifier will often be an adverb. For example: He likes to knead the dough slowly.

37 Related Question Answers Found

Is Cantar an infinitive?

In English, infinitive verbs are preceded by the word to, as in to speak, to read, or to write.

-ar Verbs.
Infinitive Definition Stem
buscar to look for busc-
cantar to sing cant-
comprar to buy compr-
escuchar to listen to escuch-

Why is it called an infinitive?

English infinitives are preceded by the word 'to'. These verbs are called infinitives because, like the concept of infinity, they are not bound by time. From the infinitive, we derive the conjugated forms of the verb, also known as the finite forms of the verb.

How do you conjugate a verb?

Conjugation is the change that takes place in a verb to express tense, mood, person and so on.

The irregular verb to go conjugated into the future tense:
  1. I will go.
  2. You (singular) will go.
  3. He/she/it/John/Jane will go.
  4. We will go.
  5. You (plural) will.
  6. They/John & Jane will go.
  7. Will we go?
  8. You will not go.

What is a gerund in Spanish?

The gerund is a verb form that expresses continuous action, or an action that's currently happening. It's equivalent to the –ing form of a verb in English. Estoy cenando. (I am eating dinner.) It's formed by dropping the infinitive ending of a verb and adding –ando for –ar verbs and –iendo for –er and –ir verbs.

What is a conjugate word?


Conjugate is what you do to a word to make it agree with other words in a sentence. If you've studied a foreign language, you know that sometimes you can conjugate a verb just by changing its endings. To conjugate the verb to be, you'd say “I am,” “you are,” “she is,” and so on.

How many infinitives are there?

Forming the infinitive
In English, when we talk about the infinitive we are usually referring to the present infinitive, which is the most common. There are, however, four other forms of the infinititive: the perfect infinitive, the perfect continuous infinitive, the continuous infinitive, & the passive infinitive.

What are subject pronouns in Spanish?

él, ella — he, she. nosotros, nosotras — we. vosotros, vosotras — you (plural familiar) ustedes — you (plural formal) ellos, ellas — they.

How do you know when to use an infinitive?

Infinitive = to + the base form of the verb, e.g., to sing, to dance, to run. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence. Gerunds can be used after certain verbs including enjoy, fancy, discuss, dislike, finish, mind, suggest, recommend, keep, and avoid.

How do you use infinitives in Spanish?

In Spanish, when a verb functions as a noun, the infinitive is used, and it is always singular and masculine. It can be used as the subject of a sentence or the object of another verb or preposition. ) with it, though it's acceptable to use the article el in front of an infinitive that is the subject of a sentence.

What does ir a infinitive mean in Spanish?


Well.. in Spanish, an infinitive is a form of a verb that ends in -er, -ir, or -ar. The verb "ir" means "to go~, or go to~", right? Ir+"a"+infinitive form of a verb makes a phrase that means "to do ~(whatever the verb is)" in english. For instance, let's look at the verb leer, which means "to read".

What is the present tense in Spanish?

Spanish Present Tense: -ar, -er and -ir verbs
Subject -ER verb endings
tú (you) -es
él/ella (he / she) -e
nosotros/as (we) -emos
vosotros/as (you all) -éis

What is the present subjunctive Spanish?

Spanish Present Subjunctive. ) is used to talk about situations of doubt, desire, emotion, necessity, or uncertainty. Unlike the present indicative, the present subjunctive is generally subjective. For specifics on when to use the subjunctive instead of the indicative, see our article on subjunctive vs.

What is a reflexive verb in Spanish?

Reflexive verbs indicate that the action of the verb remains with the subject (yo, tú, él, ella, nosotros, ustedes, ellos, ellas), or they are at least somehow affected by the action. In other words, the action is reflexive and thus, being performed on the subject (person) themselves.

What is a regular verb in Spanish?

The infinitive is the base form of the verb, such as to speak, to eat, to live, etc. Many Spanish verbs are completely regular, meaning that they follow a specific pattern of conjugation. In this lesson you will learn to conjugate regular -ar, -er, and -ir verbs (in the present tense).

What is the form of a verb called?


the basic form of a verb. In English, this form of the verb together with the word 'to' in front of it is usually called a to-infinitive, and the verb form on its own is usually called a bare infinitive.

What is meant by verb?

A verb is a word that expresses an action or a state of being. Because action verbs and linking verbs are strong enough to be used in sentences all by themselves, they are called main verbs.

What does pronoun mean?

Definition of pronoun. : any of a small set of words in a language that are used as substitutes for nouns or noun phrases and whose referents are named or understood in the context.