How do you know if an infinitive is an adjective?

Asked By: Yajaira Wulwer | Last Updated: 31st January, 2020
Category: hobbies and interests painting
4.5/5 (69 Views . 9 Votes)
Infinitives may function as adjectives, adverbs, or nouns. Just like a single-word adjective, an infinitive used as an adjective always describes a noun. An adjectival infinitive always follows the noun it describes. Like gerunds and participles, infinitives may incorporate other words as part of their phrase.

Click to see full answer


Correspondingly, what is an example of an infinitive?

It is as if the verb phrase puts on the costume of a noun, adjective or adverb and plays the role of a part of speech other than itself. Any verb that is preceded by the word 'to' is an infinitive. Here are some examples: 'to love, to eat, to run, to believe, to follow, to laugh, to stare, to wonder.

Also, how does an infinitive function in a sentence? An infinitive is a verbal consisting of the word to plus a verb (in its simplest "stem" form) and functioning as a noun, adjective, or adverb. However, the infinitive may function as a subject, direct object, subject complement, adjective, or adverb in a sentence.

Regarding this, what is an infinitive noun?

Infinitive phrases include infinitives. Examples include, "to walk," "to read," or "to eat." Infinitives can act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. As a noun, they might act as the subject of the sentence. For example, "To travel is the only thing on her mind." As an adjective, they'll modify a noun.

Can you start a sentence with an infinitive?

Infinitive verbal phrases are composed of “to” plus the verb and can act as a noun. Like gerunds, infinitive verbal phrases can function as subjects, objects, and complements in a sentence. However, when infinitive phrases are used as adverbs at the beginning of a sentence, they must be punctuated with a comma.

29 Related Question Answers Found

What is an infinitive adjective?

An infinitive is a verbal. Source: Lesson 206 that is to plus a verb form. It can be used as an adjective. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify. An infinitive phrase is made up of an infinitive and any complements (direct objects.

Do all gerunds end in ing?

Yes, gerunds all end with -ing, simply by definition. A gerund is, in Latin, a form of the verb which can be construed as (i.e. has functional characteristics of) a noun – it can act as subject or object of a verb, for example, or can take a plural ending.

Can you end a sentence with an infinitive?

In Latin, sentences don't end in prepositions, and an infinitive is one word that can't be divided. But in a Germanic language like English, as linguists have pointed out, it's perfectly normal to end a sentence with a preposition and has been since Anglo-Saxon times. And in English, an infinitive is also one word.

What is an infinitive grammar?

Infinitive (abbreviated INF) is a grammatical term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs. Thus to go is an infinitive, as is go in a sentence like "I must go there" (but not in "I go there", where it is a finite verb).

Is infinitive a noun or verb?


An infinitive is formed from a verb but doesn't act as a verb. It acts as a noun, adjective, or adverb, and it is actually made up of two words: to + verb. These two words act together as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Words that are formed from verbs but don't act as verbs are called verbals.

What is an example of an infinitive phrase in a sentence?

Infinitive phrases can function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Look at these examples: To finish her shift without spilling another pizza into a customer's lap is Michelle's only goal tonight. To win the approval of her mother functions as a noun because it is the direct object for the verb hopes.

What is the function of infinitive?

Infinitives
An infinitive is a verbal formed by placing to in front of the simple present form of a verb. Infinitives may function as adjectives, adverbs, or nouns. Just like a single-word adjective, an infinitive used as an adjective always describes a noun.

What is an infinitive verb?

Infinitive Verbs
The infinitive form of a verb is the verb in its basic form. It is the version of the verb which will appear in the dictionary. The infinitive form of a verb is usually preceded by to (e.g., to run, to dance, to think). The infinitive form is not always preceded by to.

What are the 3 types of infinitives?

In English, when we talk about the infinitive we are usually referring to the present infinitive, which is the most common. There are, however, four other forms of the infinititive: the perfect infinitive, the perfect continuous infinitive, the continuous infinitive, & the passive infinitive.

How do you tell if a word is a preposition?


To identify the prepositional phrase, you should first find the preposition. In our example, the preposition is the word “in.” So we now know that the prepositional phrase starts at the word “in.” Find the noun or pronoun that ends the prepositional phrase.

How do you find an infinitive?

An infinitive is a verb form that typically begins with the word to. An infinitive phrase includes the infinitive, plus any modifiers and complements. Infinitives and infinitive phrases can function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs in a sentence.

Whats is a gerund?

Gerunds are words that are formed with verbs but act as nouns. They're very easy to spot, since every gerund is a verb with ing tacked to its tail. Instead, they act as modifiers or complete progressive verbs. To find gerunds in sentences, just look for a verb + ing that is used as a noun.

How does a conjunction work in a sentence?

A conjunction is a part of speech that is used to connect words, phrases, clauses, or sentences. Conjunctions are considered to be invariable grammar particle, and they may or may not stand between items they conjoin.

What is an infinitive particle?

An infinitive is a form of verb that appears in its basic form. It is preceded by a particle “to,” and can serve as an adjective, an adverb, or a noun. All the underlined verbs are infinitives.

What is gerund and examples?


A verbal is formed using a verb, but it functions as a different part of speech in the sentence. Gerunds function as nouns in the sentence. Typically, a gerund is used as a "thing" or an "idea," and gerunds always end in "-ing". Examples of gerunds or gerund phrases used as the subject: Singing is one of my hobbies.

Can an infinitive be an adverb?

An infinitive is a verbal. Source: Lesson 206 that is to plus a verb form. It can be used as an adverb. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause).

What is the meaning of infinitives and examples?

The infinitive is a grammar term that refers to a basic verb form that often acts as a noun and is often preceded by the word "to." "To sing" is an example of an infinitive.