What are the three major parts of a lift truck?

Asked By: Eusterio Arrieta | Last Updated: 6th January, 2020
Category: automotive auto parts
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The three major parts of a lift truck are the body (truck), overhead guard, and hydraulic lift.

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Similarly, you may ask, what are the different parts of a forklift?

Forklift Parts and Functions Terminology

  • Cab: The cab is the central part of the forklift.
  • Carriage: The carriage mounts the forks to the mast and serves as a support structure for the forklift.
  • Mast:
  • Load Backrest:
  • Forks:
  • Overhead Guard:
  • Tires:
  • Counterweight:

Likewise, which of the following are parts of the hydraulic lift? Hydraulic Elevator Specifications All hydraulic systems consist of four major components: a tank (fluid reservoir for oil); a pump that is powered by an electric motor; a valve between the cylinder and the reservoir; and a cylinder. With each of these systems, a pit at the bottom of the elevator shaft is required.

In this regard, what is the most important safety device on a lift truck?

When handling loads, forklift operators must be aware of off-center loads, overloading, and damaged or loose loads. Operators need to be careful when approaching loads, using the proper mast position, and the fork position. The most important safety device on your lift truck is a properly trained operator.

What is the third pedal on a forklift for?

That third pedal is called an Inching Brake. Its function is twofold. It initially acts as a brake and secondly disengages the transmission, allowing the engine speed to increase or decrease without affecting the drive of the forklift.

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What is the most common type of forklift?

Counterbalance Lift
The Counterbalance is the most common type of forklift. This type of lift has its forks at the front of the machine and is designed with a weight in the back to offset or counter the balance of the load on the front.

What are forklift forks called?

FORKS. Also known as the tynes, the forks on a forklift are used to make direct contact with a load for transport. They are attached to the forklift carriage and are designed to carry a load from the bottom.

What is Forklift Free lift?

'Free Lift' refers to a forklift truck's ability to lift its forks without raising the masts.

How does forklift work?

How Does the Forklift Roller Chain Pulley System Work?
  • Hydraulic pistons push the masts up.
  • Gears located on the mast are pressed against the roller chains.
  • The masts move up and pulls the fork up. The masts can only move up if the gear rotates clockwise and lifts the fork.

What is a forklift made of?


The frame, cab, boom, and body of a tele-scoping-boom rough terrain forklift are usually fabricated by the forklift manufacturer. Steel is the most common material for these subassemblies. Some steel or aluminum castings or forgings may also be used.

What is a forklift counterweight made of?

By balancing the weight, they secure a safety performance of tractors, forklift trucks, cranes, excavators and others. The manufacturers prefer using either full cast iron, full concrete, or a mix of concrete and metal bits. For example forklift counterweights are commonly made of metals for maximum space utilization.

What are the eight principles of forklift equipment?

The Stability of your Forklift
  • The principles of forklift safety are easily broken down, and easily conveyed to others. The real difficulty it would seem is convincing companies how important doing that is for the safety of their employees or at least their own bottom line.
  • Lift Truck Stability:
  • Center of gravity:
  • Stability triangle:

What is a quad mast forklift?

Quad Mast – A four stage mast provides the highest reach thanks to its four sets of moving rails. These are designed for very high stacking in specialized warehousing and other industries.

Do you need a drivers license to operate a fork lift?

Federal OSHA has no requirement that a forklift operator have a valid driver's license. The employer must have a record documenting that the driver has successfully completed the training. That is the only operating "license" required by OSHA.

What are the 7 classes of forklifts?


The 7 Classes of Forklift Trucks
  • Class 1: Electric Motor Rider Trucks.
  • Class 2: Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks.
  • Class 3: Electric Motor Hand or Hand-Rider Trucks.
  • Class 4: Internal Combustion Engine Trucks—Cushion Tires.
  • Class 5: Internal Combustion Engine Trucks—Pneumatic Tires.

Do all lift trucks have a clutch?

All industrial trucks (lift trucks) are equipped with a clutch. All industrial trucks (lift trucks) are equipped with controls which allow you to raise/lower and tilt the forks. True. If the mechanism on your lift fails, you should try to repair the chains or hydraulic system yourself.

Do most lift trucks have front wheel steering?

Most vehicles, like the automobile, have front-wheel steering, meaning that if you turn the steering wheel left, your front tires turn left, and you go left. Most forklifts have rear-wheel steering. However, pivoting means the back tires move much quicker than the front tires.

When should an operator raise or lower a load?

Lower the load so that its lowest point is 15 to 20 cm (6 to 8 inches) from the floor. While traveling, keep the load at a safe travel height. See Traveling & Maneuvering.

Do all lift trucks have the same controls and gauges?

All lift trucks have the same controls and gauges. Make sure the trailer is able to handle the additional weight of lift truck,check tire blocks are securely in place on trailers tires,inspect the dock leveler or dock plate.

Can you drive a lift truck over any type of surface?


You can place your hands and feet outside of the operators compartment, as long as your head and body are protected. You can drive a lift truck over any kind of surface.

What are the main points of the visual inspection of the lift truck?

What should an operator inspect during the visual pre-use check?
  • General condition and cleanliness.
  • Floor – clear of objects that could cause an incident.
  • Overhead – no obstructions.
  • Nearby objects to avoid as you drive away.
  • Fire extinguisher – present and charged.

How do you calculate inch pounds?

You must first determine the maximum Inch Pound capacity of the truck. To do this, you must use the equation (A + B) x C = Inch Pound, where A = 18", B = 24", and C = 5000 lbs.