What are the different measures of national income?

Asked By: Nemesia Baloo | Last Updated: 1st February, 2020
Category: personal finance personal taxes
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A variety of measures of national income and output are used in economics to estimate total economic activity in a country or region, including gross domestic product (GDP), gross national product (GNP), net national income (NNI), and adjusted national income (NNI* adjusted for natural resource depletion).

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Furthermore, what are the three methods of measuring national income?

The national income of a country can be measured by three alternative methods: (i) Product Method (ii) Income Method, and (iii) Expenditure Method. 1. Product Method: In this method, national income is measured as a flow of goods and services.

Beside above, what are the difficulties in the measurement of national income? Lack of Availability of Adequate Statistical Data 5. Value of Inventory Changes 6. The Calculation of Depreciation 7. Difficulty of Avoiding the Double Counting System 8.

Hereof, why is national income measured in different ways?

There are method of measuring National Income because First National Income is generated through Production (Value addition) and Total value addition in the economy is national income. To produce goods and services Producer needs raw material, labor, capital and land.

What are the types of national income?

5. Major Classes of National Incomes:

  • Wages and Salaries: These are called income from employment since these represent that part of the value of production which is attributed to labour.
  • Gross Trading Profits:
  • Capital Consumption Allowance:
  • Income of the Self-Employed:
  • Imputed Income:

10 Related Question Answers Found

What is called national income?

In common parlance, national income means the total value of goods and services produced annually in a country. ADVERTISEMENTS: In other words, the total amount of income accruing to a country from economic activities in a year's time is known as national income.

What are the four components of national income?

The four major components that go into the calculation of the U.S. GDP, as used by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce are:
  • Personal consumption expenditures.
  • Investment.
  • Net exports.
  • Government expenditure.

What are the five measures of national income?

A variety of measures of national income and output are used in economics to estimate total economic activity in a country or region, including gross domestic product (GDP), gross national product (GNP), net national income (NNI), and adjusted national income (NNI adjusted for natural resource depletion – also called

What is national income and its importance?

The Importance of National Income
Measuring national income is crucial for various purposes: The measurement of the size of the economy and level of country's economic performance; To fix various development targets for different sectors of the economy on the basis of the earlier performance.

What is the formula for calculating national income?


Methods of Calculating National Income
  1. National Income = Rent + Wages + Interest + Profit + Mixed-Income.
  2. National Income = C + G + I + NX.
  3. National Income = (NDPFC) + Net factor income from abroad.

What are the problems of national income?

Measuring of National Income Problem # 3. Cost of Environmental Damage: The people of a country may be able to enjoy more and better goods and services each year, but they must also put up with more congestion, dirty air, polluted water and other environmental costs that decrease the quality of their lives.