What are suppositories bases?

Asked By: Penda Tricard | Last Updated: 26th June, 2020
Category: medical health digestive disorders
4.6/5 (65 Views . 30 Votes)
Suppositories have a base made from substances like gelatin or cocoa butter that surrounds the drug. As the warmth of your body melts the outside, the drug slowly releases. Different types of suppositories go into the rectum, vagina, or urethra.

Click to see full answer

Likewise, what are suppository bases?

Oleaginous bases include Theobroma Oil and synthetic triglyceride mixtures. Theobroma Oil or cocoa butter is used as a suppository base because, in large measure, it fulfills the requirements of an ideal base. The second factor is the change in melting point caused by adding certain drugs to cocoa butter suppositories.

Also, which base is used to compound suppositories? Cocoa butter is the most widely used suppository base; it is often used in compounding prescriptions when no base is specified. It satisfies many of the requirements for an ideal base, since it is innocuous, bland, and nonreactive, and melts at body temperature. Cocoa butter has several disadvantages, however.

Thereof, what are the different kinds of suppositories?


  • Rectal suppositories go in your bottom. They are about an inch long and have a rounded or bullet-shaped tip.
  • Vaginal suppositories are oval-shaped. You can use them for:
  • Urethral suppositories are rare. There's only one kind, MUSE, which men with erection problems can use to take the drug alprostadil.

What is the difference between suppositories and pessaries?

Suppositories are a dosage form designed to deliver drugs through rectal and vaginal routes of administration. While commonly perceived to be for rectal administration only, suppositories are also appropriate for vaginal administration. Pessaries are often used to describe vaginal suppositories.

37 Related Question Answers Found

Are suppositories safe?

Glycerine suppositories are very safe to use and do not react with other medication. It is safe to use them long- term to help control symptoms. Side effects associated with glycerine suppositories typically include irritation, abdominal pain, swelling and loose stools.

What is difference between suppository and enema?

Rectal laxatives provide immediate relief and are a good alternative for someone who cannot take oral medication. Some enemas can work in 5 minutes or less, while suppositories work within an hour.

How long do you keep a suppository in?

Adult suppositories are bullet-shaped, while those for children are long and slender. Keep lying down for about 5 minutes. This lets the medicine dissolve. Suppositories should stay in the rectum for 15 to 30 minutes.

Which suppository is best for constipation?

Time's Up. Need relief fast? Dulcolax medicated laxative suppositories can get you going within 15 to 60 minutes of use.

What are oleaginous bases?

Hydrocarbon or Oleaginous Bases: Hydrocarbon bases neither contain nor absorb water. White petrolatum is the most common hydrocarbon base. Other hydrocarbon bases include white ointment, yellow ointment, and yellow petrolatum. These bases are used for their emollient effect and are occlusive.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of suppositories?

Mucosal irritation. Patient compliance. Erratic and undesired absorption. – Placement too high into rectum may lead to first pass metabolism.

Over Vaginal Tablets:
  • Suppositories dissolves faster.
  • Total bioavailability achieved.
  • No residue remains like tablet.
  • No need of applicator.
  • Non staining.
  • Non itching.

How big is a suppository?

Insert the suppository
Relax the muscles of the buttocks and open the cheeks. Gently insert the suppository into the anus, narrow end first. Push it in about 1 inch for adults, or half an inch for infants. In older children, push the suppository in approximately half to one inch, depending on their size.

What is witepsol?

WITEPSOL products of series E are hard fat compounds having a melting point above body temperature. if active compounds lower the melting point of the excipient because of their fat solubility or ¦ for the correction of melting point of low melting compounds. They are characterized by melting point and hydroxyl value.

Do suppositories always work?

Glycerin suppositories usually work after about 15 minutes. If your child does not empty their bowels (do a poo), do not insert another suppository. Contact your doctor for advice, in case this is because of a problem other than constipation.

How do you put suppositories in without an applicator?

If you are inserting the tablet without an applicator, lie on your back with knees towards your chest, and place the suppository on the tip of your finger. Gently insert the suppository high into the vagina as far as it will comfortably go.

Why do you lay on your left side for a suppository?

Doctors recommend lying on your left side. This takes advantage of the natural angle of the rectum and makes it easier to insert the suppository.

Are suppositories painful?

They can become enlarged and irritated, causing pain and discomfort. Suppositories are a solid preparation of medicine meant to be inserted into the rectum, where they dissolve and are absorbed through the lining of the rectum. However, these suppositories won't contain active medication to treat the swelling and pain.

Will a suppository soften stool?

Each suppository contains a precisely measured amount of the active ingredient, bisacodyl, which stimulates bowel muscles while accumulating water in the intestine. The effect is to soften the stool and make it pass through more quickly.

How long after suppository Can I poop?

For best results after using glycerin rectal, stay lying down until you feel the urge to have a bowel movement. This medicine should produce a bowel movement within 15 to 60 minutes after using the suppository. Do not use glycerin rectal more than once in a 24-hour period.

What are the methods of preparing suppositories?

How to Prepare Suppositories?
  • Hand Mould Suppositories: This is the oldest and simplest method of preparing suppositories.
  • Compression mould suppositories (Cold compression) (a) Mix theobroma oil and drug.
  • Fusion or melt mould suppositories. (a) Drug is dispersed or dissolved in a melted suppository base.
  • Automatic mould Machine.

What are suppository drugs?

A suppository is a solid dosage form that is inserted into the rectum (rectal suppository), vagina (vaginal suppository), or urethra (urethral suppository), where it dissolves or melts and exerts local or systemic effects. Suppositories are used to deliver medications that act both systemically and locally.

How many suppository can I use in a day?

This medicine should produce a bowel movement within 15 to 60 minutes after using the suppository. Do not use Fleet Glycerin Suppositories Adult rectal more than once in a 24-hour period. Call your doctor if this medication does not cause you to have a bowel movement within 1 hour after use.