What are elevations in construction?

Asked By: Belgacem Knoops | Last Updated: 11th March, 2020
Category: hobbies and interests drawing and sketching
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In the construction industry, the term 'elevation' refers to an orthographic projection of the exterior (or sometimes the interior) faces of a building, that is a two-dimensional drawing of the building's façades. Simple elevation drawings might show: The outline of a building. Openings such as doors and windows.

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Similarly, what are elevations in architecture?

Geometrically, an elevation is a horizontal orthographic projection a building on to a vertical plane, the vertical plane normally being parallel to one side of the building. Architects also use the word elevation as a synonym for façade, so the "north elevation" is the north-facing wall of the building.

Similarly, what are exterior elevations? An exterior elevation is a two dimensional drawing that shows what each side of the house looks like from the outside. The drawing provides the builder with key information about the home. Many times we see our homes built where exterior details are overlooked or given less than the desired attention.

In this way, what are the basic elevations in building plans?

Building control often require as much information as On a building plan there are normally four or five elevations , showing a front, rear and end elevation , these would include any basement or attic rooms . The plan elevation would show the upper and lower floor room layouts .

What are different types of elevation?

There are different types of elevation with respect to these specific angles. Front elevation, side elevations, rear elevations and split elevations are some types.

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What is floor elevation?

It is also called a plan which is a measured plane typically projected at the floor height of 4 ft (1.2 m), as opposed to an elevation which is a measured plane projected from the side of a building, along its height, or a section or cross section where a building is cut along an axis to reveal the interior structure.

What is a home elevation?

In architectural drawing terms, house elevations are two dimensional pictures of the façade of a house or interior features that have faces projecting from a flat, solid background, like cabinetry, fireplaces, niches and elaborate wall designs.

What is a floor plan elevation?

An “elevation” is a drawing that shows the front or side of something. A floor plan, by contrast, shows a space from above – as if you are looking down on the room from the ceiling. Thus, you see the tops of everything, but you cannot view the front, side or back of an object.

What is a north elevation?

Imagine you are standing north of a building, outside the building, but facing the building in a Southerly direction. The view of the building that you are seeing is called the “north elevation”. It is basically what you see while looking South, when you are standing North of a particular building.

What is front elevation in architecture?


The front elevation is a straight-on view of the house as if you were looking at it from a spot on the front yard. Also called an "entry elevation," the front elevation shows home features such as entry doors, windows, the front porch and any items that protrude from the home, such as side porches or chimneys.

What is plan and elevation?

Plans and elevations are 2D drawings of a 3D shape. A plan is a scale drawing showing a 3D shape when it is looked at from above. An elevation is the view of a 3D shape when it is looked at from the side or from the front. When an architect designs a building they will draw the plans and elevation of a building.

What are the different types of house plans?

Different Types of Building Plans
  • Site Plan. Site plan is comprehensive detailed drawing of the building or an apartment representing whole plan of a building.
  • Floor Plan. A plan means, top view of any building or object.
  • Cross Section.
  • Elevation.
  • Landscape Plans.

What are the different types of floor plans?

Your 3 main types of floor plans include the traditional, contemporary, and custom plans. Traditional floor plans separate each room with walls and a doorway. Contemporary floor plans remove most of these walls to create a more open type of floor plan, such as by having the kitchen and living room in the same space.

What are the 6 types of construction drawings?

Different types of drawings is used in construction such as architectural drawings, structural, electrical, plumbing and finishing drawings.

2. Structural Drawing
  • 2.1 General Note.
  • 2.2 Excavation Drawing.
  • 2.3 Column Layout.
  • 2.4 Plinth Beam Layout.
  • 2.4 Lintel Beam Layout.
  • 2.5 Roof Beam and Shuttering Layout.

What is the primary purpose of an elevation drawing?


The primary purpose of an elevation drawing is to show the finished appearance of the given side of the building.

What is a section plan?

A section plan is a vertical slice drawings showing the internal features of your property. It is similar to an elevation plan, however, it shows the internal features of the property. The section plan is usually combined with other plans on a measured building survey. This can include floor plans, elevations, etc…

What is a section drawing?

A 'section drawing', 'section' or 'sectional drawing' shows a view of a structure as though it had been sliced in half or cut along another imaginary plane. Plan drawings are in fact a type of section, but they cut through the building on a horizontal rather than vertical plane.

What is a plan view drawing?

A plan view is an orthographic projection of a 3-dimensional object from the position of a horizontal plane through the object. In other words, a plan is a section viewed from the top. Basically, a plan view is just another name for the top view of a 3D object. This short article about mathematics can be made longer.

How do you draw a landscape plan?

How to Sketch a Landscape Plan
  1. Measure the lengths of all edges of your property and draw the outline of your yard on paper.
  2. Measure and draw in the outline of your house.
  3. Measure and add any outbuildings that currently exist.
  4. Measure and draw in whatever paving is already in place and that you want to keep.

What does side elevation mean?


A side elevation of the original dwelling house. · “A wall forming a side elevation of the original dwellinghouse” is any wall that cannot be identified as being a front wall or a rear wall.

What is a door schedule?

A door schedule is a document, which has all the information a joiner will require in selecting the correct door for a designated position, as well as the correct ironmongery that has to be fitted to each door.

What is the plan of a building?

A plan means, top view of any building or object. Floor plan is the most fundamental architectural diagram, a view from above showing the arrangement of spaces in building in the same way as a map, but showing the arrangement at a particular level of a building.