How does an animal cell differ from a plant cell during cell division?

Asked By: Rosalio Alhambra | Last Updated: 10th March, 2020
Category: science biological sciences
4.8/5 (393 Views . 17 Votes)
Plant and animal cells both undergo mitotic cell divisions. Their main difference is how they form the daughter cells during cytokinesis. During that stage, animal cells form furrow or cleavage that gives way to formation of daughter cells. Due to the existence of the rigid cell wall, plant cells don't form furrows.

Click to see full answer


In respect to this, how does cell division differ between animal and plant cells quizlet?

Name the structures that complete cytokinesis in both plant and animal cells. Animal cells divide by a cleavage furrow. Plant cells divide by a cell plate that eventually becomes the cell wall. Cytoplasm and cell membranes are necessary for cytokinesis in both plants and animals.

Likewise, which statement best describes a difference between cell division in plant and animal cells? Which statement best describes a difference between cell division in plant and animal cells.. In animal cells cytoplasmic division is accomplished by "pinching in" of the cell membrane, while in plant cells a cell plate is synthesized.

Beside this, what is the main difference between cytokinesis in plants and animals?

Cytokinesis occurs in mitosis and meiosis for both plant and animal cells. The ultimate objective is to divide the parent cell into daughter cells. In plants , this occurs when a cell wall forms in between the daughter cells. In animals , this occurs when a cleavage furrow forms.

Why do cells divide?

Cells divide for many reasons. For example, when you skin your knee, cells divide to replace old, dead, or damaged cells. Cells also divide so living things can grow. Organisms grow because cells are dividing to produce more and more cells.

29 Related Question Answers Found

Why is the process of mitosis important in cell division?

Mitosis is a way of making more cells that are genetically the same as the parent cell. It plays an important part in the development of embryos, and it is important for the growth and development of our bodies as well. Mitosis produces new cells, and replaces cells that are old, lost or damaged.

How is the cell cycle regulated?

Positive Regulation of the Cell Cycle
Two groups of proteins, called cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks), are responsible for the progress of the cell through the various checkpoints. Cyclins regulate the cell cycle only when they are tightly bound to Cdks.

How is cell division controlled?

How do genes control the growth and division of cells? A variety of genes are involved in the control of cell growth and division. Tight regulation of this process ensures that a dividing cell's DNA is copied properly, any errors in the DNA are repaired, and each daughter cell receives a full set of chromosomes.

How does cytokinesis occur in an animal cell?

Cytokinesis. During cytokinesis, the cytoplasm splits in two and the cell divides. Cytokinesis occurs somewhat differently in plant and animal cells, as shown in Figure below. In animal cells, the plasma membrane of the parent cell pinches inward along the cell's equator until two daughter cells form.

What is the purpose of mitosis?

Mitosis is a process where a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells (cell division). During mitosis one cell? divides once to form two identical cells. The major purpose of mitosis is for growth and to replace worn out cells.

What is the end product of mitosis?

Mitosis ends with 2 identical cells, each with 2N chromosomes and 2X DNA content. All eukaryotic cells replicate via mitosis, except germline cells that undergo meiosis (see below) to produce gametes (eggs and sperm).

What are the two most obvious differences in plant and animal cell division?

Plant and animal cells both undergo mitotic cell divisions. Their main difference is how they form the daughter cells during cytokinesis. During that stage, animal cells form furrow or cleavage that gives way to formation of daughter cells. Due to the existence of the rigid cell wall, plant cells don't form furrows.

How do plant cells divide?

Plant cells divide in two by constructing a new cell wall (cell plate) between daughter nuclei after mitosis. Golgi-derived vesicles are transported to the equator of a cytoskeletal structure called a phragmoplast, where they fuse together to form the cell plate.

What is cytokinesis called in plant cells?


Cytokinesis is the final stage of cell division. In both animal and plant cells, the two daughter cells are partitioned off to form a new membrane and complete the cell division of two identical daughter cells, each with one nucleus.

Do plants have centrioles?

Centrioles. Found only in animal cells, these paired organelles are typically located together near the nucleus in the centrosome, a granular mass that serves as an organizing center for microtubules. Though centrioles play a role in the mitosis of animal cells, plant cells are able to reproduce without them.

Is there a cleavage furrow in plant cells?

No, a cleavage furrow is not found in plant cells. In cytokinesis, animal cells form a cleavage furrow to divide the cells: This is a actin-myosin contractile ring that “pinches” the cell membrane apart. Also, plant cells have a cell wall, while animal cells do not.

How is spindle formed in plant cells?

Centrioles and Spindle Fibers:
Centrioles produce spindle fibers in animal cells. These spindle fibers are active during mitosis when the DNA has replicated and the chromosomes are pulled apart during anaphase. Plants cells do not have centrioles but they still undergo mitosis.

What are the main parts of the cell cycle?

The cell cycle is the life cycle of a cell, as it grows, replicates its chromosomes, separates its chromosomes and divides. The cell cycle is divided into two distinct parts: interphase and the mitotic phase or the M-phase.

What is the purpose of meiosis?


Meiosis, on the other hand, is used for just one purpose in the human body: the production of gametes—sex cells, or sperm and eggs. Its goal is to make daughter cells with exactly half as many chromosomes as the starting cell.

What is the main difference between cytokinesis in plants and animals quizlet?

Explain the main difference between cytokinesis in animal cells and cytokinesis in plant cells. In animal cells, cytokinesis begins with a pinching inward of the cell membrane midway between the cell's two poles. This cleavage furrow separates the dividing cell into two cells.

What a cell is?

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known organisms. A cell is the smallest unit of life. Cells consist of cytoplasm enclosed within a membrane, which contains many biomolecules such as proteins and nucleic acids.