Why plant growth is indeterminate?

Asked By: Domingas Gaedike | Last Updated: 9th May, 2020
Category: business and finance food industry
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A plant is capable of indeterminate growth due to the presence of meristem in its region of growth. Meristem tissue have cells that can divide and self propagate.

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Regarding this, why plant growth is generally indeterminate?

Plant growth generally is indeterminate. Plant growth is unique because plants retain the capacity for unlimited growth throughout their life due to the presence of meristems at certain locations in their body. The cells of meristems have the capacity to divide and self-perpetuate.

One may also ask, do humans have indeterminate growth? Many animals can get as big as their environment and diet allow. The actual size of most mammals – including humans – is mostly set from birth. This pattern is called “indeterminategrowth – adult size depends largely on environmental conditions. Most fish, amphibians, lizards, and snakes are indeterminate growers.

In this manner, is plant growth determinate or indeterminate?

In biology and botany, indeterminate growth is growth that is not terminated in contrast to determinate growth that stops once a genetically pre-determined structure has completely formed.

What are the selective advantages of indeterminate growth?

The plant with determinate growth roots won't be able to reach the water, whereas the indeterminate plant will. Same can be said about sunlight. The plant which can surpass the surrounding neighbors in competition for sunlight will have more energy for photosynthesis.

34 Related Question Answers Found

What plant never stops growing?

Triffids – plants that won't stop growing – ever!

What is determinate growth habit?

1 : plant growth in which the main stem ends in an inflorescence or other reproductive structure and stops continuing to elongate indefinitely with only branches from the main stem having further and similarly restricted growth also : growth characterized by sequential flowering from the central or uppermost bud to the

Do fish grow until they die?

Most fishes are in fact what are known as indeterminate growers. This means that, unlike humans, they grow until they die.

Why do humans have determinate growth?

It is the high concentration of estrogen in the blood that causes the growth plates of our bones to fuse. This fusion effectively closes the growth centers of long bones and renders them unable to respond to the hormones that initiate growth.

What is the term for the continuous growth of plants?

Indeterminate growth is the term for continous growth of plants.

What is the role of meristem tissue?

Primary meristematic tissue helps the plant increase in length or vertical growth, meaning it helps the plant grow up toward the sun and down into the soil. Secondary meristematic tissue helps the plant increase the girth or lateral growth of its stems, branches, and roots.

Are Roma tomatoes determinate or indeterminate?

These tomatoes bear large crops of fruit with meaty insides and few seeds and are often used for sauces, canning, drying and making tomato paste. Roma tomatoes, also known as plum tomatoes, are a determinate variety and require the same growing conditions as other tomato plants.

What are meristem cells?

A meristem is a tissue in plants that consists of undifferentiated cells (meristematic cells) capable of cell division. Meristems give rise to various tissues and organs of a plant and are responsible for growth. Differentiated plant cells generally cannot divide or produce cells of a different type.

What is the difference between determinate and indeterminate plants?

Determinate tomatoes, or "bush" tomatoes, are varieties that grow to a compact height (generally 3 - 4'). Determinates stop growing when fruit sets on the top bud. Indeterminate tomatoes will grow and produce fruit until killed by frost. They can reach heights of up to 12 feet although 6 feet is normal.

Are cucumbers determinate or indeterminate?

Cucumbers can be determinate – grow, bloom, set fruit and mature all at the same time, or indeterminate – grow, bloom, set fruit & mature continually throughout the growing season. Bush cucumbers grow on short vines which mean the plants are compact. Bush cucumbers are great in containers.

What does determinate mean in plants?

Determinate tomatoes are varieties that grow to a fixed mature size and ripen all their fruit in a short period, usually about 2 weeks. Determinate tomato varieties are often referred to as “bush” tomatoes because they do not continue growing in length throughout the growing season.

Is corn determinate or indeterminate?

Ears of corn can also be determinate or indeterminate. Ears of determinate corn will stop growing at a set size, while indeterminate corn has no set size and will reach maturity based on environmental conditions.

How can you tell if tomatoes are determinate or indeterminate?

Determinate tomatoes commonly have leaves that are closer together on the stem, making them look bushier. Indeterminate varieties have leaves that are spaced out more and look more like vines. Check the flowers and fruit production.

Where does secondary growth occur?

In botany, secondary growth is the growth that results from cell division in the cambia or lateral meristems and that causes the stems and roots to thicken, while primary growth is growth that occurs as a result of cell division at the tips of stems and roots, causing them to elongate, and gives rise to primary tissue.

Are Campari tomatoes determinate?

A true breakthrough when it comes to disease-resistance. This scrumptious campari-like tomato withstands the big three threats besetting tomatoes: late blight, early blight and fruit cracking. Count on a crop of sweet, great-tasting, 2 oz. fruits on indeterminate plants.

Are sharks indeterminate growers?

Sharks aren't the only animal that keeps growing. Lizards, snakes, amphibians, and coral all continue to grow until they die. The scientific name for these creatures is "indeterminate growers". Animals discovered to have this are tortoises, sharks, turtles, whales, and some types of fish.

What is the function of an auxin efflux pump in plant cells?

Auxin efflux pumps can set up concentration gradients of auxin in plant tissue (efflux means to flow out of). In the roots Auxin prevents growth (opposite of shoot). Root cells have organelles called statoliths which are affected by gravity and so accumulate at the bottom of the cell.