Why does photosynthesis take place in chloroplast?

Asked By: Katheleen Oelze | Last Updated: 1st March, 2020
Category: science chemistry
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Chloroplasts convert water and carbon dioxide into carbohydrates and oxygen. Chlorophyll, in the chloroplasts, absorbs light energy which excites it causing the molecules to give off an electron to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP).

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Consequently, does photosynthesis take place in chloroplast?

Photosynthesis takes place inside plant cells in small things called chloroplasts. Chloroplasts (mostly found in the mesophyll layer) contain a green substance called chlorophyll. Below are the other parts of the cell that work with the chloroplast to make photosynthesis happen.

Subsequently, question is, how does photosynthesis happen in a plant? Photosynthesis happens when water is absorbed by the roots of green plants and is carried to the leaves by the xylem, and carbon dioxide is obtained from air that enters the leaves through the stomata and diffuses to the cells containing chlorophyll.

Also to know, what two parts of the chloroplast is photosynthesis taking place?

The light-dependent reactions take place in the thylakoid membranes in the granum (stack of thylakoids), within the chloroplast. The two stages of photosynthesis: Photosynthesis takes place in two stages: light-dependent reactions and the Calvin cycle (light-independent reactions).

In what part of a chloroplast do dark reactions occur?

The "light-independent" or dark reactions happen in the stroma of the chloroplasts. This is also known as the Calvin Cycle. Since these processes can only happen in the chloroplast (a chlorophyll filled plastid in green plants), photosynthesis can only happen in green plants!

30 Related Question Answers Found

What are the two main functions of chloroplasts?

The two main functions of chloroplasts are to produce food (glucose) during photosynthesis, and to store food energy.

Where in chloroplast does photosynthesis occur?

Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplast, an organelle specific to plant cells. The light reactions of photosynthesis occur in the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast. Electron carrier molecules are arranged in electron transport chains that produce ATP and NADPH, which temporarily store chemical energy.

Why is photosynthesis important?

Photosynthesis is important to living organisms because it is the number one source of oxygen in the atmosphere. Green plants and trees use photosynthesis to make food from sunlight, carbon dioxide and water in the atmosphere: It is their primary source of energy.

What are the products of photosynthesis?

The main product of photosynthesis is glucose, which is the molecule that produces energy to run the processes of the cell. Oxygen is mainly a byproduct of the process of photosynthesis. Six molecules of carbon dioxide and six molecules of water are needed to produce one molecule of glucose.

How does chloroplast work in photosynthesis?


Chloroplasts absorb sunlight and use it in conjunction with water and carbon dioxide gas to produce food for the plant. Chloroplasts capture light energy from the sun to produce the free energy stored in ATP and NADPH through a process called photosynthesis.

Does photosynthesis occur in all plants?

This process is called photosynthesis and is performed by all plants, algae, and even some microorganisms. To perform photosynthesis, plants need three things: carbon dioxide, water, and sunlight. for photosynthesis.

What is photosynthesis and how does it work?

Photosynthesis, process by which green plants and certain other organisms use the energy of light to convert carbon dioxide and water into the simple sugar glucose. Most plants produce more glucose than they use, however, and they store it in the form of starch and other carbohydrates in roots, stems, and leaves.

What is the process of photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities. In these light-dependent reactions, some energy is used to strip electrons from suitable substances, such as water, producing oxygen gas.

What are the two phases of photosynthesis?

The two stages of photosynthesis: Photosynthesis takes place in two stages: light-dependent reactions and the Calvin cycle (light-independent reactions). Light-dependent reactions, which take place in the thylakoid membrane, use light energy to make ATP and NADPH.

How many Thylakoids are in a chloroplast?


Higher plants have specially organized thylakoids in which each chloroplast has 10–100 grana that are connected to each other by stroma thylakoids.

What are stacks of thylakoids called?

A granum (plural grana) is a stack of thylakoid discs. Chloroplasts can have from 10 to 100 grana. Grana are connected by stroma thylakoids, also called intergranal thylakoids or lamellae.

How do plants work?

Plants are made up of roots, stems, and leaves, and most produce flowers, fruit, and seeds. Using carbon dioxide, water, nutrients, and energy from sunlight, the chlorophyll makes the food that the plant needs. This process is called photosynthesis. During this process, plants release oxygen into the air.

Why is photosynthesis important to humans?

Photosynthesis is important, in fact essential, to all life for a number of reasons. Because of photosynthesis, plants essentially function as filters that take carbon dioxide, which is poisonous to humans and many other life forms, from the atmosphere and replace it with oxygen, which makes life possible.

What is photosynthesis example?

An example of photosynthesis is how plants convert sugar and energy from water, air and sunlight into energy to grow.

What is photosynthesis in simple terms?


Photosynthesis is the process by which plants and other things make food. It is an endothermic (takes in heat) chemical process that uses sunlight to turn carbon dioxide into sugars that the cell can use as energy. As well as plants, many kinds of algae, protists and bacteria use it to get food.

What is a plant cell wall made of?

Plant cell walls are primarily made of cellulose, which is the most abundant macromolecule on Earth. Cellulose fibers are long, linear polymers of hundreds of glucose molecules. These fibers aggregate into bundles of about 40, which are called microfibrils.

What is the basic process of photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis, the process by which green plants and certain other organisms transform light energy into chemical energy. During photosynthesis in green plants, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds.