Why did the US want to help European countries?

Asked By: Dieneba Seshaanath | Last Updated: 21st March, 2020
Category: news and politics war and conflicts
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The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative passed in 1948 for foreign aid to Western Europe. The goals of the United States were to rebuild war-torn regions, remove trade barriers, modernize industry, improve European prosperity, and prevent the spread of Communism.

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Besides, why did the US give aid to European countries following ww2?

The Marshall Plan, also known as the European Recovery Program, was a U.S. program providing aid to Western Europe following the devastation of World War II. In addition to economic redevelopment, one of the stated goals of the Marshall Plan was to halt the spread communism on the European continent.

Beside above, why did the US contain communism? According to Communist principles, the state should control the economy and the lives of citizens. The Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism to other countries, and the United States wanted to contain it within the countries where it already existed.

Similarly, what did US Secretary of State John Marshall suggest that the US do for Europe and why did he suggest this plan for European recovery?

Answer: The North Atlantic Treaty joined the U.S., Canada, and ten European countries in a mutual Defense pact. They would all be protected from Communist aggression.

How did the Marshall Plan benefit the US?

The Marshall Plan, it should be noted, benefited the American economy as well. The money would be used to buy goods from the United States, and they had to be shipped across the Atlantic on American merchant vessels. (The aid was all economic; it did not include military aid until after the Korean War.)

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Did the US help Germany after ww2?

The US provided significant military and financial aid to Britain and France. Germany declared war on the United States in December 1941, and Washington made the defeat of Nazi Germany its highest priority. The United States played a major role in the occupation and reconstruction of Germany after 1945.

Did Britain benefit from the Marshall Plan?

Britain actually received more than a third more Marshall Aid than West Germany - $2.7 billion as against $1.7 billion. The truth is that the post-war Labour Government, advised by its resident economic pundits, freely chose not to make industrial modernisation the central theme in her use of Marshall Aid.

How much foreign aid does Israel receive?

In addition, another $282 million went to Israel and $196 million to the rest of the Middle East. The main category was economic aid, but some military aid was provided.

Did Germany pay back the Marshall Plan?

Most of the countries that received Marshall Plan money assumed they would never be asked to repay it. But West Germany wasn't sure of its status, so it treated the money as a loan. In 1953, it was agreed that the Germans would repay one-third of their postwar debt to the U.S.

How did the Truman Doctrine cause the Cold War?


The Truman Doctrine was basically a shot at the Soviet Communism and how it wasn't right, so this obviously angered the Soviets. The Doctrine caused a divide between the communists and non-communists, which did indeed grow tension between America and the Soviet Union which eventually would lead to the Cold War.

How did Germany recover from ww2?

The reconstruction of Germany after World War II was a long process. As agreed at Potsdam, an attempt was made to convert Germany into a pastoral and agricultural nation, allowed only light industry. Many factories were dismantled as reparations or were simply destroyed (see also the Morgenthau Plan).

How did ww2 aid in the recovery of the American economy?

America's involvement in World War II had a significant impact on the economy and workforce of the United States. Our involvement in the war soon changed that rate. American factories were retooled to produce goods to support the war effort and almost overnight the unemployment rate dropped to around 10%.

What is NATO's purpose?

NATO's essential and enduring purpose is to safeguard the freedom and security of all its members by political and military means. Collective defence is at the heart of the Alliance and creates a spirit of solidarity and cohesion among its members.

How did nuclear weapons make it a Cold War?


Did nuclear weapons cause the Cold War? The nuclear age began before the Cold War. During World War II, three countries decided to build the atomic bomb: Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union. Britain put its own work aside and joined the Manhattan Project as a junior partner in 1943.

When did the Truman Doctrine end?

The Truman Doctrine, 1947
The Truman Doctrine effectively reoriented U.S. foreign policy, away from its usual stance of withdrawal from regional conflicts not directly involving the United States, to one of possible intervention in far away conflicts.

Why was the Truman Doctrine created?

The Truman Doctrine was an American foreign policy whose stated purpose was to counter Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War. It was announced to Congress by President Harry S. Truman on March 12, 1947, and further developed on July 4, 1948, when he pledged to contain threats in Greece and Turkey.

How successful was the Truman Doctrine?

Indeed, both nations established repressive right-wing regimes in the years following the Truman Doctrine. Yet, the Truman Doctrine successfully convinced many that the United States was locked in a life-or-death struggle with the Soviet Union, and it set the guidelines for over 40 years of U.S.-Soviet relations.

How did the cold war begin?

The Cold War began after the surrender of Nazi Germany in 1945, when the uneasy alliance between the United States and Great Britain on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other started to fall apart. The Americans and the British worried that Soviet domination in eastern Europe might be permanent.

How is NATO?


Collective defence: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was founded in 1949 and is a group of 29 countries from Europe and North America that exists to protect the people and territory of its members.

How did the US stop the spread of communism?

The strategy of "containment" is best known as a Cold War foreign policy of the United States and its allies to prevent the spread of communism after the end of World War II.