Why did the US offer aid to Europe in the form of the Marshall Plan?
Then, why did the US offer aid to Europe in the form of the Marshall Plan and why did the USSR refuse Marshall aid for itself and its allies?
The Molotov plan was symbolic of the Soviet Union's refusal to accept aid from the Marshall Plan or allow any of their satellite states to do so because of their belief that the Plan was an attempt to weaken Soviet interest in their satellite states through the conditions imposed and by making beneficiary countries
Similarly, why did Europe need the Marshall Plan? Marshall spoke of an urgent need to help the European recovery in his address at Harvard University in June 1947. The purpose of the Marshall Plan was to aid in the economic recovery of nations after World War II and to reduce the influence of Communist parties within them.
Then, how did the Marshall Plan benefit the United States?
The Marshall Plan, it should be noted, benefited the American economy as well. The money would be used to buy goods from the United States, and they had to be shipped across the Atlantic on American merchant vessels. (The aid was all economic; it did not include military aid until after the Korean War.)
Which countries received Marshall Plan aid?
Participating countries included Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, West Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Turkey. Congress appropriated $13.3 billion during the life of the plan for European recovery.